Anatomy 8 - The Upper And Lower Limbs Flashcards Preview

Second Year - Anatomy CA21007 > Anatomy 8 - The Upper And Lower Limbs > Flashcards

Flashcards in Anatomy 8 - The Upper And Lower Limbs Deck (51)
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1

The bones of the upper limb

Clavicle, scapula, humerus, ulna, radius, carpels, metacarpals and phalanges

2

Bones of the lower limb

Hip bone, fe,mur, patella, fibula, tibia, falls, calcaneus, cuboid, navicular, cuneiforms, metatarsals and phalanges

3

What are the joints of the upper limb

Sternoclavicular, glenohumeral, elbow, proximal and distal radio-ulnar, wrist and intercarpel

4

What type of joint is the sternoclavicular

Saddle joint

5

Characteristics of the sternoclavicular joint

It is extremely strong and significantly mobile

6

Range of movement of the sternoclavicular joint

Flexion-extension and rotation

7

What does the sternoclavicular joint allow the upper limb to do

Carry out circumduction

8

What type of joint is the glendohumeral joint

Ball and socket synovial joint

9

Characteristics of th glendohumeral joint

Wide range of mobility but is relatively unstable

10

Range of movement of the glendohumeral joint

Flexion-extension, abduction-adduction, medial-lateral rotation and circumduction

11

What type of joint is the elbow joint

A hinge synovial joint

12

Range of movement of the elbow joint

Flexion-extension

13

What type of joint is the proximal radio-ulnar joint

A pivot synovial joint

14

Range of movement of the proximal radio-ulnar joint

Medial and lateral rotation of the head of the radius on the ulna

15

What type of joint in the distal radio-ulnar joint

A pivot synovial joint

16

Range of movement of the distal radio-ulnar joint

Medial and lateral rotation of the radius around the fixed end of the ulna

17

What type of joint is the wrist joint

Condyloid synovial joint

18

Range of movement of the wrist joint

Flexion-extension and abduction-adduction

19

What type of joint are the intercarpel joints

Plane synovial joints

20

Range of motion of intercarpel joints

Flexion-extension and gliding motion

21

What are the joints of the lower limb

Hip, knee, ankle and foot

22

What does the hip joint for a connection between

Lower limb and the pelvic girdle

23

Characteristics of the hip joint

It is a strong, stable, multi-axial joint

24

What type of joint in the hip joint

Ball and socket synovial joint

25

Range of movement of the hip joint

Flexion-extension, abduction-adduction, medial-lateral rotation and circumduction

26

What type of joint in the knee joint

Hinge synovial joint

27

Range of movement of the knee joint

Flexion-extension and also some gliding, rolling and rotation

28

What type of joint is the ankle joint

Hinge joint

29

Range of movements of the ankle joint

Doris-plantar flexion, abduction-adduction and inversion-version

30

What do the joints of the foot involve

The tarsals, metatarsals and phalanges