Anatomy 8 - The Upper And Lower Limbs Flashcards Preview

Second Year - Anatomy CA21007 > Anatomy 8 - The Upper And Lower Limbs > Flashcards

Flashcards in Anatomy 8 - The Upper And Lower Limbs Deck (51):
1

The bones of the upper limb

Clavicle, scapula, humerus, ulna, radius, carpels, metacarpals and phalanges

2

Bones of the lower limb

Hip bone, fe,mur, patella, fibula, tibia, falls, calcaneus, cuboid, navicular, cuneiforms, metatarsals and phalanges

3

What are the joints of the upper limb

Sternoclavicular, glenohumeral, elbow, proximal and distal radio-ulnar, wrist and intercarpel

4

What type of joint is the sternoclavicular

Saddle joint

5

Characteristics of the sternoclavicular joint

It is extremely strong and significantly mobile

6

Range of movement of the sternoclavicular joint

Flexion-extension and rotation

7

What does the sternoclavicular joint allow the upper limb to do

Carry out circumduction

8

What type of joint is the glendohumeral joint

Ball and socket synovial joint

9

Characteristics of th glendohumeral joint

Wide range of mobility but is relatively unstable

10

Range of movement of the glendohumeral joint

Flexion-extension, abduction-adduction, medial-lateral rotation and circumduction

11

What type of joint is the elbow joint

A hinge synovial joint

12

Range of movement of the elbow joint

Flexion-extension

13

What type of joint is the proximal radio-ulnar joint

A pivot synovial joint

14

Range of movement of the proximal radio-ulnar joint

Medial and lateral rotation of the head of the radius on the ulna

15

What type of joint in the distal radio-ulnar joint

A pivot synovial joint

16

Range of movement of the distal radio-ulnar joint

Medial and lateral rotation of the radius around the fixed end of the ulna

17

What type of joint is the wrist joint

Condyloid synovial joint

18

Range of movement of the wrist joint

Flexion-extension and abduction-adduction

19

What type of joint are the intercarpel joints

Plane synovial joints

20

Range of motion of intercarpel joints

Flexion-extension and gliding motion

21

What are the joints of the lower limb

Hip, knee, ankle and foot

22

What does the hip joint for a connection between

Lower limb and the pelvic girdle

23

Characteristics of the hip joint

It is a strong, stable, multi-axial joint

24

What type of joint in the hip joint

Ball and socket synovial joint

25

Range of movement of the hip joint

Flexion-extension, abduction-adduction, medial-lateral rotation and circumduction

26

What type of joint in the knee joint

Hinge synovial joint

27

Range of movement of the knee joint

Flexion-extension and also some gliding, rolling and rotation

28

What type of joint is the ankle joint

Hinge joint

29

Range of movements of the ankle joint

Doris-plantar flexion, abduction-adduction and inversion-version

30

What do the joints of the foot involve

The tarsals, metatarsals and phalanges

31

What innervates the upper limb

The brachial plexus

32

Where does the brachial plexus begin

In the neck

33

What is the brachial plexus formed of

The last four cervical nerves (C5-C8) and the first thoracic nerve (T1)

34

What are the three trunks of the brachial plexus

The superior trunk, middle trunk and inferior trunk

35

What nerves make up the superior trunk

C5 and C6

36

What nerves make up the middle trunk

C7

37

What nerves make up the inferior trunk

C8 and T1

38

What are the branches of the supraclavicular branch of the brachial plexus

Dorsal scapular, the long thoracic, the suprascapular and subclavian

39

What are the branches of the infraclavicular branch of the brachial plexus

The lateral pectoral, medial cutaneous nerve of the arm, median cutaneous of the arm, ulnar, upper subscapular, lower subscapular, thoracodorsal, axillary and radial

40

What innervates the lower limb

The lumbosacral plexus

41

What is the lumbosacral plexus formed of

The first four lumbar nerves (l1-4) and contributions from the last thoracic nerve (T12)

42

What is the function of the lumbosacral plexus

To provide innervation to the pelvis and lower limb

43

What are the anterior axio-appendicular muscles (Upper Limb)

Pectoralis major, pectoralis minor, subclavius and serratus anterior

44

What are the posterior axio-appendicular muscles (UL)

SUPERFICIAL - Trapezius and altissimo
DEEP - Levator scapulae, rhomboid minor and rhomboid major

45

Muscles of the scapulohumeral

Deltoid and rotator cuff muscles

46

Muscles of the arm

Biceps brachii, coracobrachialis, brachialis, triceps brachii and anconeus

47

Muscles of the anterior compartment off the forearm

FIRST LAYER - Pronation teres, flexor carpel radius, palmaris longus and flexor carpi ulnaris
INTERMEDIATE - flexor digitorium superficialis
DEEP - flexor digitorium profundus, flexor pollicis longus and pronation quadratus

48

Muscles of the posterior compartment of the forearm

SUPERFICIAL - Brachiordialis, ECRL, ECRB, extensor digitorium, EDM and ECU
DEEP - Supinator and extensor indices

49

Intrinsic muscles of the hand

SCALES - Opponens pollicis, abductor pollicis brevis, flexor pollicis, oblique head, transverse head, deep head, superficial head and adductor pollicis
HYPOTHENAR - Abductor digiti minimi, flexor digiti minimi brevis and opponens digit
SHORT - Lumbricals, dorsal interossei and palmar interossei

50

Veins of the upper limb are

Subclavian, axillary, basilica, cephallic, median cubital and median antebrachial

51

Major veins of the lower limb

Iliac, femoral, popliteal, tibial, greater saphenous and lesser saphenous