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Flashcards in Anatomy Introduction Deck (18)
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1
Q

What are the 6 structure types in anatomy

A

Osteology, histology, gross anatomy, imaging, surface anatomy and embryology

2
Q

What are the anatomical positions and plane of view

A

Saggital plane, Coronal plane

Anterior Posterior

Transverse

Pronated, Supernated

3
Q

Describing relationship based on position (6)

A
Superficial/Deep
Medial/Lateral
Posterior/Anterior Dorsal/Ventral
Inferior/Superior
Caudal/Cranial
Proximal/Distal
4
Q

Movement of limbs and other body parts

A
Flexion/Extension
Abduction/Adduction
Pronation/Supination
Elevation/Depression
Circumduction
Rotation
5
Q

What are the 3 parts of the Thoracic cage?

A

Ribs

Sternum

Costal Cartilages

6
Q

What is the function of the thoracic cage?

A

Protection of Viscera

Muscle attachment

7
Q

What is the thoracic cage attached to

A

Pectoral girdle (Clavicle/Scapula)

8
Q

How many pairs of ribs are there?

A

12

9
Q

What are the classifications of ribs and what ribs fall under the classifications

A

True (1-7); False (8-10); Floating (11, 12)

OR

Typical (3-9); Atypical (1,2,10,11,12)

10
Q

Draw and label the parts of a typical Rib

A

Allocate - Head, neck, Tubercule, angle, Internal Surface, Costal Groove, External Surface, Costal Cartilage

Crest, Articular facets, Non-articular surface

11
Q

Draw and label and Thoracic vertebrae (superior and lateral view)

A

Superior View: Heart shaped body with Transverse process (x2), Spinous process.

Lateral view: Demifacts (x2), Facet for articulation with tubercle

12
Q

How many areas are the rib joined to the thoracic wall?

A

6 -
Costcotransverse joint
Costoverterbral (x2)
Costotransverse ligaments (x3) (normal, superior and lateral)

13
Q

Which ribs have singular demifacet

A

1, 11, 12

14
Q

Describe the Pectoralis Major

A

Origin:Clavicle and sternum
Insertion (distal attachment): Humerus
Function: Adducts and medially rotates humerus
Innervation: Lateral and Medial Pectoral nerves

15
Q

Describe the Pectoralis Minor

A

Origin or Proximal attachment: 3-5th rib.
Insertion or Distal attachment: coracoid process of scapula.
Function: Stabilizers scapula
Innervation: Medial pectoral nerve

16
Q

Describe Serratus Anterior

A

Origin or Proximal attachment: 1-8th rib.
Insertion or Distal attachment: medial border of scapula.
Function: Protracts scapula
Innervation: Long Thoracic Nerve

17
Q

What are the three layers of Muscles

A

External Intercostals
Internal Intercostals
Innermost Intercostals
Supplied by intercostal artery, vein and nerve which runs in subcostal groove.

18
Q

What arteries deliver blood into the thoracic wall?

A

Intercostal arteries (x2):

  1. Thoracic Aorta - Posterior
  2. Subclavian Artery - Anterior