What are the 6 structure types in anatomy
Osteology, histology, gross anatomy, imaging, surface anatomy and embryology
What are the anatomical positions and plane of view
Saggital plane, Coronal plane
Describing relationship based on position (6)
Superficial/Deep Medial/Lateral Posterior/Anterior Dorsal/Ventral Inferior/Superior Caudal/Cranial Proximal/Distal
Movement of limbs and other body parts
Flexion/Extension Abduction/Adduction Pronation/Supination Elevation/Depression Circumduction Rotation
What are the 3 parts of the Thoracic cage?
What is the function of the thoracic cage?
Protection of Viscera
What is the thoracic cage attached to
Pectoral girdle (Clavicle/Scapula)
How many pairs of ribs are there?
What are the classifications of ribs and what ribs fall under the classifications
True (1-7); False (8-10); Floating (11, 12)
Typical (3-9); Atypical (1,2,10,11,12)
Draw and label the parts of a typical Rib
Allocate - Head, neck, Tubercule, angle, Internal Surface, Costal Groove, External Surface, Costal Cartilage
Crest, Articular facets, Non-articular surface
Draw and label and Thoracic vertebrae (superior and lateral view)
Superior View: Heart shaped body with Transverse process (x2), Spinous process.
Lateral view: Demifacts (x2), Facet for articulation with tubercle
How many areas are the rib joined to the thoracic wall?
Costotransverse ligaments (x3) (normal, superior and lateral)
Which ribs have singular demifacet
1, 11, 12
Describe the Pectoralis Major
Origin:Clavicle and sternum
Insertion (distal attachment): Humerus
Function: Adducts and medially rotates humerus
Innervation: Lateral and Medial Pectoral nerves
Describe the Pectoralis Minor
Origin or Proximal attachment: 3-5th rib.
Insertion or Distal attachment: coracoid process of scapula.
Function: Stabilizers scapula
Innervation: Medial pectoral nerve
Describe Serratus Anterior
Origin or Proximal attachment: 1-8th rib.
Insertion or Distal attachment: medial border of scapula.
Function: Protracts scapula
Innervation: Long Thoracic Nerve
What are the three layers of Muscles
Supplied by intercostal artery, vein and nerve which runs in subcostal groove.
What arteries deliver blood into the thoracic wall?
Intercostal arteries (x2):
- Thoracic Aorta - Posterior
- Subclavian Artery - Anterior