Anatomy Kidney and Urinary System Flashcards Preview

Block 2 Week 4 > Anatomy Kidney and Urinary System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Anatomy Kidney and Urinary System Deck (92)
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1

The gut tube grows into the (blank)

abdominal coelomic cavity

2

Certain structures stay outside of the mesentery of the coelomic cavity and these are said to be (blank)

retroperitoneal

3

Kidneys start and end (blank)

retroperitoneal

4

What becomes the peritoneal layer that lines the gut tube?

splachnic mesoderm

5

Kidneys develop behind the (blank) from the (blank)

peritoneal sac
urogenital ridge

6

Is there anything in the periotoneal sac?

NO!

7

The urinary system (kidneys, ureters) the aorta, the adrenal glands, posterior abdominal walls and the IVC are all where?

in the retroperitoneal space

8

Where are the liver, stomach, and spleen located?

the intraperitoneal space

9

What is a good way to access the kidneys?

posterior abdominal wall

10

What attaches organs to posterior abdominal wall?

peritoneal ligaments

11

(blank) is a sheet of pearly-white fibrous tissue that takes the place of a tendon in sheetlike muscles having a wide area of attachment.

aponeurosis

12

What is the pearly white diamond of connective tissue that is located at the thoracic lumbar region of the back?

the thoracolumbar aponeurosis

13

What gives rise to muscle anteriorly and superiorly around to the front such as the latisimus doris?

the thoracolumbar aponeurosis

14

What is an upper limb muscle that we need to be aware of because of its size and position obscuring the posterior approach to the kidneys?

latissimus dorsi

15

If you reflect the latissimus dorsi what will be underneath?

External and internal obliques.

16

Why are the external and internal obliques orthogonal to each other?

to provide strength

17

The muscles that are important for getting to the kidney are what and what is there direction?

-Latissimus Dorsi
-External abdominal oblique muscles are extending medially and anteriorly, downward,
-Internal abdominal oblique muscles are extending medially, anteriorly and upwards.
-transversus abdominis wraps around posteriorly and takes origin from the thoracolumbar aponeurosis
-Quadratus Lumborum
-psoas muscle

18

What muscles does the thoracolumbar aponeurosis give rise to?

internal oblique, external obliques, latissimus dorsi, transversus abdominis

19

Do you ever encounter some anterior abdominal wall muscles that have posterior origins or insertions?

yes, like the external and internal abdominal obliques and transversus abdominis

20

A final abdominal wall muscle, the (blank) is seen as the deepest of the three (latissimus dorsi, external and internal obliques), also having an extensive origin from the posterior side of the thoracolumbar aponeurosis

transversus abdominis

21

What are the three anterior wall muscles you need to cut through to get to the kidney?

internal oblique
external oblique
transversus abdominis

22

What are the 2 posterior wall muscles you need to cut through to get to the kidney?

Latissimus dorsi, quadratus lumborum

23

What has the kidney line partly on this muscle. This is a very deep muscle underneath the anterior abdominal wall muscles and runs from illiac crest to 12th rib.

Quadratus lumborum

24

What is a large muscle forming a good deal of the posterior abdominal wall?

quadratus lumborum

25

Where does the quadratus lumborum extend form and to?

from iliac crest to the 12th rib

26

What is the top of your pelvis bone called?

illiac crest

27

What is right above the illiac crest?

quadratus lumborum

28

Which kidney is lower, the right or left?

the right

29

The kidney is laying right over the (blank) and a little bit of the (blank)

quadratus lumborum
psoas muscle

30

The lower pole of the kidney sits right above the (blank).

illiac crest