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Block 2 Week 4 > Kidney prelab > Flashcards

Flashcards in Kidney prelab Deck (20)
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1

What are these:
bilateral renal agnesis (lack of urine), supernumary right kidney, unilateral renal agenesis, left kidney and ureter absent

Kidney anomilies in number

2

What are these:
-Left unilateral hypoplasia
of kidney with narrow but
patent ureter.
-persistent fetal lobulation
-bilateral renal hypoplasia

renal hypoplasia

3

What are these:
Crossed ectopia with fusion
s-shaped sigmoid kidney
pelvic cake or lump kidney
classic horseshoe kidney (more frequent in males)

renal fusion

4

What are these:
-Complete duplication of ureter
-Ectopic ureteral orifice (insufficient drainage of urine causes dilation)

Ureteral duplication;ectopic ureters

5

What is this?
The right ureter is compressed
between IVC and spine.

The resulting obstruction leads
to right-sided hydroureter and
Hydronephrosis

Over time, the ureter becomes
fibrotic and stenosed in the
compressed area

retrocaval ureter

6

What are these:
-multiple renal arteries, accessory renal artery anterior to IVC
-Proximal subdivision of renal artery
-double renal vein forming ring around aorta

Segmental renal arteries and variations

7

(blank) can result in hydronephrosis and additional stones in kidney and renal pelvis

renal calculus/calculi

8

Where is the distribution of pain from renal calculus?

back to scrotum

9

What is the purpose of an intravenous pyelogram?
What does it demonstrate?

to visualize the renal parenchyma
Injection of contrast medium which is excreted principally through the kidneys
Demonstrate: normal or impaired renal function

10

What is the purpose of retrograde pyelography?
What does it demonstrate?

Purpose: Visualize the renal collecting system
Injection of contrast medium through ureteral catheter
Demonstrate: normal or pathologically altered calices, renal pelvis, ureters

11

What is the purpose of peritoneal and intracorporal dialysis?
Where do you put the catheter?

reduce BUN, serum creatinin, serum uric acid (also eliminate drugs and poisons in overdose patients)
into peritoneal directly

12

What is the purpose of extracorporal dialysis/hemodialysis
Where do you put the catheter?

reduce BUN, serum creatinin, serum uric acid (also eliminate drugs and poisons in overdose patients)
Into arm (arteriovenous shunt=extracorpoeal; artervenous fistula=subcutaneous)

13

donor kidney is obtained via (blank)

nephrectomy

14

When you make a skin incision on the right side of the body, make a long skin incision along rib (blank) toward the anterior third of the (blank).

12th
illiac crest

15

Put these in order from outtermost to innermost
external oblique, internal oblique, latissimus dorsi

Latissimus dorsi, external oblique, internal oblique

16

Cutting/dividing muscle to get to the kidney
1 Reflect or divide the Latissimus dorsi
2 Divide the External oblique
3 Divide the Internal oblique
4 Pull the muscle layers apart to expose the (blank)

aponeurosis of the transversus abdominis muscle

17

Nerve branches of (blank) run between the transversus and the internal oblique.

T12 and L1

18

Below the aponeursis of the transversus abdominis is the (blank) fat.

pararenal

19

-Identify the renal fascia and make a long incision through the renal fascia
-Remove the underlying perirenal fat as much as possible
-Deep to the perirenal fat lies the (blank) with its fibrous capsule

right kidney

20

The renal vein lies (blank) to the renal artery.

anterior