ANATOMY REVIEW SESSION FOR BUMATIVO Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in ANATOMY REVIEW SESSION FOR BUMATIVO Deck (85)
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1

What is the most important muscle of the larynx

posterior cricorytenoid

2

what is the life saving muscle of the larynx

posterior cricoaryetinoid

3

what is the function of the "life saving" muscle of the larynx

abduction of the vocal folds

4

what nerve innervates the posterior chricoaryetinoid

inferior laryengeal nerve

5

what muscle works to abduct the vocal cord

the POSTERIOR CRICOARETENOID

6

someones vocal fold is adducted and they are unable to breath what muscle is paralyzed

posterior cricoarytenoid

7

the inferior / recurrent laryengeal nerve are branches what nerve

vagus nerve

8

a persons vocal cords are adducted you want to save his life by numbing a nerve what nerve do you numb

vagus nerve that gives rise to the larynx

9

know anterior/ posterior border/ apex/ base right and left

know all dis

10

the medial suface of the lung will hug which thing in the throax

look at this lecture bxc idk wtf he sayin

11

where does the phrenic nerve go in relation to the root of the lung and what about the vegas nerve go

Frenic -inFront -
vegas behind

12

when in the supine postion, is something more likely to go in the upper or the lower lobe MOST COMMONLY

LOWER

13

in the the right lung the middle lobe is present b/n which 2 ribs

4 and 6

14

remember what normal costal phrenic angle looks like on x ray!!

related to pleural effusion

15

where is the plearal cavity

present between the visceral and parietal pleura

16

what can a pancoast tumur do

it is a malignant neoplasm of the lung apex that causes pancost syndrome which is when there is compression of the sympathetic chagin and causese constricted pupils

17

a person has a constricted pupil and constriction of the sympatheic chain what casued this

pancoast or superior pulmonary sulcus tumur

18

someone has an accumulaiton of air in the pleuaral cavity and the lung collapses because of the negative pressure needed to keep the lung expanaded has been eliminated. what is this called

pneumothorax

19

there is an abnormal accumulaiton of excess fluid in the pleural space what is this called

pleural effusion

20

a surgical puncture of the throccaic wall into the plural cavity for aspiration of fluid is called

thoracentesis

21

an inflammation of the lungs which is of bacterial or viral origin is called

pnumonia

22

an infectous lung disease caused by the bacteria myobacterium tuberculosis is called

tuberculosis

23

fluid accumulition and swelling in the lungs caused by lung toxins , mitral stenosis or lv failure that results in increased pressure in the pulm veins is called

pulmonary edema

24

what is caused by inhalation of asbestos fibers and causes breathing problems and increases the risk of lung cancer

asbestosis

25

a cervical rib that compresses the lower trunk of the brachial plexus is called

thorracic outlet syndrome

26

a person has thorracic outlet syndrome, what 2 things are compressed

subclavian artery and

brachial artery

27

list 3 symptoms of a cervical rib

vascular compromise of upper limb

diminshed radial pulse

neural pressure on lower trunk of brachial plexus producing pain down medial sides of forearm and hand and wasting of small muscles of hand

28

when the 1st (cervical rib) compresses the lower trunk of the brachial plexus what is this called

thoracic inlet syndrome

29

if the lower trunk of the brachial plexus is compressed what will see affected the most

the hand - klumpke

30

where is the pericardial cavity

a space between the visceral layer of the serous pericardium lining the inner surface of the fiberous pericardium