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Flashcards in cardio thorax Deck (46)
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1

the thorrax looks like a

cage

2

how many ribs make up the sternum

12 posteriorly, 12 laterally

3

thorracic inlet

connection bn neck and chest

4

thoracic outlet

connection b/n neck and abdomin

5

where is the lower jugular notch

lower border of t2

6

what will we reach if we puncture jugular notch

internal jugular

7

what is attached at the the sternal angle

2nd costal cartilage anteriorly and disc between t4 and t5

8

location of xiphisternal joint

t9

9

costal margin

7th to 10th cartiledge

10

where is the apex of the heart located

left 5th ics medial to the midclavicular line

11

what procedure is done at the midaxially line

thoraccocentesis

12

what 3 bones make up the sternum

manubrium, body, xiphoid process

13

a person is shot in the manubrium of their sternum, what structure will the bullet go thru

arch of the aorta and L brachiocephalic vein

14

a person is shot in the body of the sternum, what strucutres will the bullet pass thru

heart and anterior borders of the lungs and pleura

15

where is the sternal angle located? describe where the descending ascending and arch of the aorta are in relation to the sternal angle

start of descending, end of ascending, arch of aorta begins and ends here

16

t/f the highest point of the arch of the aorta is at the sternal angle

false , its behind the manubrium of the sternum

17

how many ribs do we have

12 ribs on each side .

18

what are the true ribs

1-7

19

which ribs are the vertebrochondral ribs

8,9,10 - posteior attachment but not to the sternum

20

which are the floating ribs and are they easy to break

11,12 are floating. they are hard to break

21

what is located in the costal groove of the ribs

has a neurovascular bundle that has has Veins, Arteries and Nerves

22

a typical rib articulates with how many vertebra ? What would the 6th rib articulate with for example

2 . 6th rib articulates with the 6 and 5 th vertebrae

23

what 2 things can occur if there is a rib fracture

pneumothorax and hemothorax

24

what is a flail chest?

when multiple ribs fracture .

25

supernumerary ribs can cause compression of what

brachial plexus

26

notching or grooving of ribs is a clinical sign seen in what 2 conditions

coarctation of the aorta, collateral circulation

27

the joint between the 1st rib and the sternum is known as a primary cartilaginous joint. what does this mean

they will disappear after some time

28

the intervertebral joints are known as what kind of joints

secondary cartilaginous joints

29

what can happen in thorraic inlet syndrome

cervical ribs compresses the lower trunk of the brachial plexus ...klumpke

30

what is one symptom of thorracic inlet syndrome

fetal pulse