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Flashcards in Ancient Humans Deck (5):
1

Australopithecus Afarensis

Meaning of name -

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Diet -

Dwelling -

Southern ape from Afar

3.85 to 2.95 million years ago

Fully bipedal, doesn't migrate, really small brain 1/3 size of modern, bipedal, ape like face, strong long arms, brow ridge

Eastern Africa

Didn't make tools, but used rocks, sticks, and jawbones as tools

High sugar rich fruits, seeds, roots and nuts

Trees





2

Homo habilis

Meaning of name -

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Diet -

Dwellings -

Handy man

Lived from 2.4 to 1.4 million years ago

Bipedal, ape like face, brow ridge, small brain, but bigger than Australopithecus Afarensis, small sized, first organism to make stone tools

South Africa

Made stone tools like hammer stone, flake, and nut grinder

Nuts, berries, meats and eggs

No Dwelling, they always were traveling



3

Homo erectus

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Name means upright man

Lived from 1.9 million years ago to 143,000 years ago

Shorter arms and longer legs, ability to walk incredible amounts of distances, taller and bigger because they cooked their meat, bigger brain

China, Asia, Northern Africa

Torch, scraper, and hand Axe

Oyster, carrots, goat, and a lot of meat

Caves and huts



4

Homo sapiens Neanderthals

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Neanderthal man

400,000 to 40,000 years ago

Can go farther North or South (hides and fire) usually have more injuries due to non throwing weapons, more human like, skinner, has biggest brain, small brow ridge, could speak languages


5

Homo sapiens sapiens

Meaning of name -

Dates -

Characteristics -

Where lived -

Tools -

Diet -

Dwelling -




Wise man

180,000 years ago to present

No brow ridge, taller smaller brain than Homo sapiens Neanderthals, taller and skinner, non ape like

South Africa now everywhere

Bows, spears, hooks, nets and atlatls

Crab, lobsters, berries, lived off the sea

Huts