ANS 3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in ANS 3 Deck (23):
1

What are the 3 catecholamine NTs?

+ dopamine
+ adrenaline
+ noradrenaline

2

What adrenoceptor agonist would you use to treat anaphylaxis?

adrenaline

3

What adrenoceptor agonist would you use to treat asthma?

salbutamol or salmeterol

4

What adrenoceptor agonist would you use to induce premature labour?

salbutamol

5

What adrenoceptor agonist would you use to treat cardiac arrest?

adrenaline

6

What adrenoceptor agonist would you use to treat cardiogenic shock?

dobutamine

7

What adrenoceptor agonist would you use to treat hypertension?

clonidine

8

What adrenoreceptor agonist would you use to treat an upper respiratory tract infection?

phenylephrine

9

What adrenoceptor antagonists would you use to treat hypertension?

+ prazosin
+ propanolol
+ atenolol

10

What adrenoceptor antagonists would you use to treat atrial dysrhythmias?

+ propanolol
+ atenolol

11

What adrenoceptor antagonist would you use to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia?

prazosin

12

What are the (7) adrenoceptor agonists?

+ noradrenaline
+ adrenaline
+ phenylephrine
+ clonidine
+ salbutamol
+ salmeterol
+ dobutamine

13

What are the (5) adrenoceptor antagonist drugs?

+ phentolamine
+ prazosin
+ propanolol
+ atenolol
+ carvedilol

14

noradrenalin uptake and degradation is affected by what?

- indirect acting sympathomimetic drugs
- monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitors
- uptake inhibitors

15

what are side effects of salbutamol and salmeterol?

- muscle tremor
- cardiac arrhythmias

16

how does prazosin help treat benign prostatic hyperplasia?

relaxes bladder neck and prostate capsule by blocking α1 receptors

17

which drug is short-acting? salbutamol or salmeterol

salbutamol

18

which drug is long-acting? salbutamol or salmeterol

salmeterol

19

what is a more prostate specific treatment for benign prostatic hyperplasia?

tamsulosin

20

drugs that affect catecholamines synthesis

methyldopa

21

drugs that affect catecholamine release

- indirectly acting on sympathomimetics: amphetamines

- by acting on α2 adrenoreceptors: clonidine

22

inhibitors of catecholamine uptake

NET inhibitors: cocaine, tricyclic antidepressants

23

inhibitors of catecholamine metabolic degradation

monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitors used in depression

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