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Flashcards in Antibiotics COPY Deck (51):
1

Quinupristin trade name

synercid

2

treatment for metronidazole's specific SE

hard candy for metallic taste

3

treats septic arthritis

Cubicin
daptomycin - Big gun

4

which drug fights Mycobacterium avian complex in AIDS patients

macrolides

5

____ is used synergistically with betalactams for severe pneumonias
Class?

gentamycin which is a (What a gentleman for those poor people w/ penumonia!)
aminoglycosides

6

Uses for Penicillins

syphillis
Respiratory and skin infections

7

Clindamycin trade name

Cleocin
Clindamycin is in its own class

8

Aminoglycosides

(these are the ones ending in mycin)
Gentamycin
Tobramycin
Streptomycin

9

red man syndrome

erythematous rash on face neck and upper torso- minutes after administration

10

Patient monitoring for cubicin

if muscle pain or eosinophillic pneumonia develops therapy must be stopped

11

Patient education on Streptomycin

report any diarrhea

12

Big gun antibitoics

Class

Vancomycin
Dalbavancin
Daptomycin
Linezolid
Quinupristin
Class- glycopeptide antibiotics

13

____ is a tobramycin inhalation solution used for P aeruginosa and pts with cystic fibrosis

TOBI

14

SE metronidazole

headache
diziness
nausea
metalic taste in mouth

15

SE cubicin
Class?

anemia and GI upset- less than 10%
myopathy (muscle damage)
eosinophillic pnemonia
daptomycin

16

How can i treat penicillinase producing bacteria?

Penicillinase resistant penicillin -DMON acronym
OR
betalactam w/ betalactamase inhibitor

17

patient montiroing during zyvox
class

blurred vision
seizures- especially patients w/ epilepsy

class- linezolid - big gun glycoprotein

18

How does myopathy present itself

aches and pains in the bones
breakdown of muscle causes myoglobinuria

19

SE bactrim

hyperkalemia
stevens johnson syndrome - serious skin infection blisters down throat
could cause cardiac arrest to pts on ACE's and ARB's due to hyperkalemia (fatal dyssrthmias)

20

synercid SE

class?

hyperbilirubin (jaundice)
myalagia/myopathy

class synercid
(remm index card for trade name of Quinupristin was synercid)

21

___ is used to treat TB
Q2 what class

streptomycin
aminoglycosides

22

only given as two doses

DalbavancinBig gun

23

treats C.diff but can also cause C.diff

Dalbavancin Big gun
(treats- Dalbavance and flagyl given to treat C.diff)

24

monitoring patient on synercid

watch fro signs of jaundice and muscle aches and pains

25

Main 4th generation cephalosporin we give

cefepime

26

what type of bacteria does fluoroquinolones treat

gram neg and gram +

27

___ is used a an alternative when patients are allergic to amoxicillin
Q2: class?
Q3: when will this exception not be made?

cephalexin
cephalosporin- 1st genereation

if theres a serious reax like anaphylaxis- not used- 10% cross sensitivitiy

28

causes red man syndrome

vancomycin
dalbavancin

29

Macrolide side effects
(think this may be important)

angioedema (swelling of lips and face)
anaphylaxis
renal damage
cardiotoxicity
dysrthmias --> cardiac arrest

30

___ interfears with coagulants

oritavancin

31

Patient education on metronidazole

metallic taste
NO ALCOhol throughout treatment and 48 hours after the last one

32

What drugs are examples of aminopenicillins?

Amoxicillin and ampicillin

33

Diseases that we treat with the same pathway

MI
pneumonia
CHF
HF
diabetes

34

tetracycline targets what type of bacteria

broad spectrum

35

Linezolid trade name
Class

Zyvox
Big gun

36

PCP pnemonia occurs in

LRTI HIV patients

37

pts on what type of medications will have worsening myopathys

cholesterol statins

38

treats diabetic food infection

zyvox

39

Dont give to children 17 or younger

fluoroquinolones
joints bones cartilage not fully strong/secure

40

dont give to younger than 8 years old
Why

tetracycline
yellow baby teeth

41

proceed with caution: fluoroquinolones

pt's w/
heart conditions
epileptic

42

better at fighting against S. aureus Aminopen or Cephalosporins
What type?

cephalosporins 1st generation
cause less of a reaction

43

Which are the extended spectrum penicillins?

Ticarcillin
Piperacillin

44

used of ___ medication can lead to serotonin syndrome when used with antibiotics

zyvox

45

if allergic to sulfur do not take

Bactrim/sulfacetimide - sulfonamides

46

Aminoglycosides SE

ototoxicity
nephrotoxicity

47

Zyvox SE

blood dyscrasias
vision problems
seizures

48

Side effects of betalactams

Well tolerated for the most part
GI upset
diarrhea
Headache
Allergic reaction- rash to hives to anaphylaxis

49

treats PCP pneumonia

bactrim
sulfonamide

50

___ is so toxic and will only be given as one dose

gentamycin

51

BActrim is from the class

sulfonamides