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Pharm 1 Final Exam > Antivirals > Flashcards

Flashcards in Antivirals Deck (34):
1

Virus'

not complete organisms
intracellular parasites

2

herpes voster is contagious until ___

contagious until vesicles are droppedd

3

disemminated herpes virus
Q2: contact precautions?

requires hospitalization
respiratory an dcontact precautions

4

Herpes around the eyes
TX?

ocular herpes
IV antivirals

5

___ ususally only attacks people who are immunosupressed

cytomegalovirus

6

Which hep do we NOT have vaccine for
and why?

hep C
because it rapidly mutates

7

How do you get Hep A

oral fecal route
undercooked seafood/foods/raw sushi

8

How do you get hep B

(in utero)

sexually
sharing needles/blood
in utero

9

Populations at risk for Hep B

risky sexual behavior - homosexuals (trauma with anal penetration)
sharing needles
Chinese people

10

chinese people have a high risk for

hep B
stomach cancer

11

how do you get hep C
(in utero)

low risk in utero
low risk- STD

12

We have vaccinations for virues except these

hep C
HIV
Gen Herpes

13

SE of Antiviral drugs

GI upset
headache
rash

14

Drugs for Herpesvirus infection SE**

Nephrotoxic**

15

Drugs for Herpesvirus patient education***

Drink lots of water to prevent nephrotoxicity**

16

example of the flu vaccine

Tamiflu/Oseltamivir

17

Anti-Viral Hepatitis medications general action

reduce the viral load

18

we dont really say "cured" for viral hepatitis instead we say

undetectable viral load
sustained viral response = SVR

19

supportive therapy needed for which Hepatits

Hep A

20

which hepatitis can turn into chronic infectiosn?

Hep B and C

21

If a medication can get a SVR, what are we accomplishing?

preventing spread of infection
preventing liver damage

22

Pegaus aka
What does it do?
What disease does it treat?
single drug or combinaiton

peg intron
lowers viral load
Viral Hepatit.s
combination

23

pegasus is a combination of

ribavirin and interfereon Alpha 2A

24

how long do you have to be on pegasus for?

1 year

25

ribavirin's other dx use than for hepatitis

pediactric viral infections

26

interferon alpha 2A

injectable immunosupresant

27

interferon alpha 2A SE

flu-like symptoms
give antipyretic = tylenol (not good for liver but good for tolerating tx)

28

pegasus: SE

increased risk of suicide
bone marrow supression
fever
depression- no mental problems

29

___ is a drug used as a prep in HIV diseases

truvada

30

HIV goal w/ medications

goal is to reduce transmission cases

31

Early viral diseases SE

flu symptoms, rash,

32

as viral diseases progress what dx can they develope as a SE

Karposis sarcoma
PCP pnemonia
MAC pneumonia
dementia
wasting
inflamed pancreas
raises cholesterol --> coronary heart disease
change in fat distribution- lipoatrophy/lipodystrophy

33

linear pattern of vessicles

herpes voster

34

interfereon SE TX

tylenol