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Flashcards in Antiinfective Drug Facts Deck (155):
1

Age limit for fluoroquinolones

18

2

BBW's for fluorquionolones

-May cause tendon rupture-especially the Achilles tendon
-Avoid giving to pt's with myasthenia gravis

3

Myasnethia gravis

automimmune neuromuscular disease-causes muscle weakness

4

What other concern is associated with Fluoroquinolones?

lowers the seizure threshold

5

What shoudl pt's avoid while taking fluoroquinolones?

multivitamins/dairy of calcium supplement
causes chelation

6

tablet trade name for moxifloxacin

Avelox

7

ophthalmic solution trade name for moxifloxacin

Vigamox

8

Indication for Vigamox

bacterial conjunctivitis

9

generic for Avelox

moxifloxacin

10

generic for Vigamox

moxifloxacin

11

Indication for levofloxacin Op. solution

bacterial conjunctivitis

12

tablet trade name levofloxacin

Levaquin

13

generic of Levaquin

levofloxacin

14

what fluoroquinoloone has the highest incidense

Levaquin (levofloxacin)

15

trade name of besifloxacin

Besivance

16

generic for besivance

besifloxacin

17

dosage form of Besivance

Op. Suspension

18

dosage form of besifloxacin

Op. suspension

19

Indication for Besivance

bacterial conjunctivitis

20

indication for besifloxacin

bacterial conjunctivitis

21

Trade name for ophthalmic ofloxacin

Ocuflox

22

generic for Ocuflox

ofloxacin

23

Dosage form for Oculfox

Op. solution

24

other dosage form of ofloxacin

otic solutioin

25

Indication for Ocuflox

bacterial conjunctivitis

26

generic for Zymaxid

gatifloxacin

27

trade name for gatifloxacin

Zymaxid

28

indication for Zymaxid

bacterial conjunctivitis

29

indication for gatifloxacin

bacterial conjunctivitis

30

dosage form for gatifloxacin

Op. solution

31

dosage form for Zymaxid

Op. solution

32

trade tablet name for ciprofloxacin

Cipro

33

trade name for Op. soln and ointment for ciprofloxacin

Ciloxan

34

Inidcation for Ciloxan

bacterial conjunctivitis

35

auxillary label for Ciprodex

Shake well

36

ingredients in Ciprodex

ciprofloxacin, dexamethasone

37

indication for Ciprodex

bacterial conjunctivitis

38

Ingredients in Tobradex

tobramycin, dexamethasone

39

what does Tobradex do in children

causes glaucoma

40

What is Tobradex not indicated fo

bacterial conjunctivitis

41

generic macrolide

erythromycin

42

tablet trade name for clarithromycin

Biaxin

43

strength(s) for Biaxin tablet

250mg, 500mg

44

strength(s) for clarithromycin tablets

250mg, 500mg

45

clarithromycin extended release tablet

Biaxin XL

46

strength(s) of Biaxin XL

500mg

47

strength(s) of clarithromycin extended release

500mg

48

strengths for Biaxin granules for oral suspension

125/5 250/5

49

How do you store Biaxin suspension?

store at room temperature when mixed

50

trade name for azithromycin

Zithromax

51

strength(s) for azithromycin tablet

250mg, 500mg

52

strengths for azithromycin powder for oral suspension

100mg/5ml
200mg/5ml

53

Who reconstitutes azithromycin powder for oral suspension

reconstituted in the pharmacy

54

strength of single dose azithromycin powder packet

1 gram

55

Instructions for pt's with 1g Azithromycin powder pack

mix with 60ml and drink all at once

56

INdication for 1g powder pack Azithromycin

chlamydia

57

dosage form for Z-Max

extended-release microspheres for oral suspension

58

Strength for Z-Max

2g single dose bottle

59

Who reconstitutes Z-MAx?

In the pharmacy with 60ml of H20

60

INstructions for Z-Max to pt's

Drink within 12 hours
Take on empty stomach

61

trade name for op. solution of azithromycin

AzaSite

62

polymer found in AzaSite

DuraSite

63

Indication for AzaSite

bacterial conjunctivitis

64

Dosing interval for AzaSite

1 drop twice daily for 2 days, then 1 drop daily for the next 5 days

65

Storage instructions for AzaSite

store in fridge at pharmacy-pt can store at room temperature

66

Allergy considerations for Cephalosporins

ceph's are related to penicillins-pt's allergic to pennicillins may be allergic to ceph's

67

Rule about ceph's generations

the higher the generations go, the more gram- activity and less gram+ activity

68

Gen. of Keflex

1st Gen

69

Gen. of cephalexin

1st Gen

70

dosage forms of Keflex

capsule
powder for oral suspensions - fridge after reconstitution

71

trade name for cefadroxil

none

72

Gen. of cefadroxil

1st Gen

73

dosage forms for cefadroxil

capsule
powder for oral suspension - fridge after reconstitution

74

trade name for cefuroxime

Cefdin

75

Gen. of Cefdin

2nd Gen

76

generic name for Cefdin

cefuroxime

77

Gen. of cefuroxime

2nd Gen

78

Dosage forms of Cefdin

tablet
powder for oral suspension - fridge after reconstitution

79

trade name for cefixime

Suprax

80

generic name for Suprax

cefixime

81

Gen. of Suprax

3rd Gen

82

gen for cefixime

3rd gen

83

dosage forms for Suprax

tablet
powder for oral suspension - store at room temp after reconstitution

84

trade name for cefditoren

Spectracef

85

generic name for Spectracef

cefditoren

86

dosage form for Spectracef

tablet - take with food

87

trade name for cefdinir

none

88

gen for cefdinir

3rd Gen

89

dosage form for cefdinir

caspule
powder for oral suspension - store at room temp

90

Important info about cefdinir

can cause red stool in children

91

Generic name for Bactroban

mupirocin

92

trade name for mupirocin

Bactroban

93

Indication for Bactroban

impetigo-blisters around the mouth

94

strength of mupirocin

2%

95

strength for Bactroban

2%

96

mupirocin trade name for intranasal ointment

Bactroban Nasal

97

Indication for Bactroban Nasal

eradicate MRSA-methicillin resistant staph aureus

98

trade name for retapamulin

Altabax

99

generic name for Altabax

retapamulin

100

strength of Altabax

1%

101

strength of retapamulin

1%

102

dosage form of Altabax

ointment

103

dosage form for retapamulin

ointment

104

Indication for Altabax

impetigo

105

Indication for retapamulin

impetigo

106

tablet size for Lamisil

250mg

107

tablet strength for terbinafine

250mg

108

onychomychosis

fungal infection of the toe or finger nail

109

tinea unguium

fungal infection of the toe or finger nail

110

trade name for terbinafine cream

Lamisil AT

111

strength of Lamisil AT cream

1%

112

strength of terbinafine cream

1%

113

Indication(s) for Lamisil

onychomycosis

114

Indication(s) for Lamisil AT

tinea corporis
tinea pedis
tinea cruris

115

What is tinea corporis?

Ring worm

116

What is tinea pedis?

athlete's foot

117

what is tinea cruris?

Jock itch

118

What SALAD drug is often confused with Lamisil?

Lamictal(lamotrigine)

119

dosage forms of fluconazole

tablet
powder for oral suspension

120

dosage forms of Diflucan

tablet
powder for oral suspension

121

Storage for Diflucan suspension

store at room temp

122

storage for fluconazole suspension

store at room temp

123

Indications for Diflucan

oral candidiasis
esophageal candidiasis
vaginal candidiasis

124

Yeast that causes candidiasis

candida albicans

125

Dose of DIflucan for vaginal candidiasis

150mg single oral dose

126

dosage forms of Zovirax

capsule
tablet
ready-to-use oral suspension
cream
ointment

127

indications for Zovirax capsule

herpes genitalis
herpes zoster
vericella zoster
herpes labialis

128

Indications for Zovirax tablet

herpes genitalis
herpes zoster
vericella zoster
herpes labialis

129

Indications for Zovirax ready-to-use suspension

herpes genitalis
herpes zoster
vericella zoster
herpes labialis

130

What antiviral is a prodrug?

Valtrex (valacyclovir)

131

What does Valtrex convert into?

acyclovir

132

Indication for Zovirax cream

herpes labialis

133

Indication for Zovirax ointment

genital herpes

134

Indication for acyclovir cream

herpes labialis

135

Indication for acyclovir ointment

genital herpes

136

What is herpes genitalis?

genital herpes

137

What is herpes zoster?

Shingles

138

What is varicella zoster?

Chickenpox

139

What is herpes labialis?

Cold sore

140

Available strengths for Valtrex

500mg, 1000mg

141

Available strengths for valacyclovir

500mg, 1000mg

142

Dosing interval for Valtrex treating initial herpes genitalis

1g twice daily for 10 days

143

Dosing interval for Valtrex treating recurrent herpes genitalis

500mg twice daily for 3 days

144

Dosing interval for Valtrex treating herpes zoster

1g three times daily for 1 week

145

Dosing interval for Valtrex treating herpes labialis

2g in the morning, then 2g in the evening. This is a 1 day dose

146

Dosing interval for Valtrex treating varicella zoster

Depends on weight - Three times daily for 5 days

147

What does a neuroaminidase do?

Inhibits the key protein needed for viral replication

148

Dosage forms for Tamiflu

capsule
powder for oral suspension

149

Storage info for Tamiflu suspension

store in fridge after reconstitution

150

INstructions for patients taking Tamiflu

take with food - reduces the nausea associated with taking Tamiflu

151

Dosing interval for Tamiflu for treatment

Twice daily for 5 days

152

Dosing interval for Tamiflu for prophylaxis

1 dose daily for 10 days

153

Dosage forms for Differin

cream
gel
lotion

154

What causes red stool in children

Cefdinir

154

Definition of comedo

Initial lesion of acne
Differin reduces comedo formation
Takes 2 to 3 months for a noticable difference