Exam 3 Drug Facts(Antidiabetic Agents) Flashcards Preview

Drug Info > Exam 3 Drug Facts(Antidiabetic Agents) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Exam 3 Drug Facts(Antidiabetic Agents) Deck (73):
1

Generic for Glucotrol

glipizide

2

Trade name for glipizide

Glucotrol

3

Therapeutic class of Glucotrol

sulfonylureas

4

Therapeutic class of glipizide

sulfonylureas

5

dosage form of Glucotrol XL

extended release tablet

6

Dosage form of Glucotrol

tablet

7

How do sulfonylureas work?

They stimulate insulin secretion and increase tissue sensitivity to Insulin

8

Generic for Amaryl

glimepiride

9

Trade name of glimepiride

Amaryl

10

Dosage form of Amaryl

tablet

11

Dosage form of glimepiride

tablet

12

Therapeutic class of Amaryl

sulfonylurea

13

Therapeutic class of glimepiride

sulfonylurea

14

Generic of Diabeta

glyburide

15

Dosage form of Diabeta

nonmicronized tablet

16

Generic of Glynase PresTab

glyburide

17

dosage form of Glynase PresTab

micronized tablet

18

trade dosage form of teh micronized glyburide tablet

PresTab

19

Mechanism of action for Biguanides

Increase tissue sensitivity to insulin

20

Generic of Glucophage

metformin

21

Trade name of metformin

Glucophage

22

class of metformin

Biguanide

23

class of Glucophage

Biguanide

24

trade names for extended-release metformin tablet

Glucophage XL
Fortamet
Glumetza

25

BBW for Biguanides

Do not use in patients with lactic acidosis

26

Caution about metformin

metformin may buildup in teh body, causing lactic acidosis

27

Generic for Actos

pioglitazone

28

Trade name for pioglitazone

Actos

29

therapeutic class of Actos

thiazolidinedione

30

therapeutic class of pioglitazone

thiazolidinedione

31

BBW for thiazolidinedione

may cause/exacerbate heart failure

32

symptom for heart failure

dyspnea(difficulty breathing)

33

generics in Glucovance

metformin
glyburide

34

BBW for Glucovance

do not give to patients with lactic acidosis

35

generics in ActoPlus Met

pioglitazone
metformin

36

BBW for ActoPlus Met

do not give to patients with lactic acidosis
may cause/exacerbate heart failure

37

generics in Avandamet

rosiglitazone
metformin

38

BBW for Avandamet

may cause/exacerbate heart failure
do not give to patients with lactic acidosis

39

generics in Metaglip

glipizide
metformin

40

BBW in Metaglip

Do not give to patients with lactic acidosis

41

What are incretin mimetics

Mimic the response of incretin secretion caused by the ingestion of food. Incretin is released from the intestines, stimulating insulin secretion from the pancreas

42

Generic of Byetta

exenatide

43

trade of exenatide

Byetta

44

Dosing interval of Byetta

Twice daily
Inject 1 hr prior to breakfast and 1 hr prior to dinner
Do not skip meals

45

Dosing interval of exenatide

Twice daily
Inject 1 hr prior to breakfast and 1 hr prior to dinner
Do not skip meals

46

Dosage form of Byetta

exenatide
SubQ injection
5mcg or 10mcg dose
each are in two different pens

47

Storage of Byetta in pharmacy

in fridge

48

Generic of Victoza

liraglutide

49

Trade of liraglutide

Victoza

50

Dosing interval of Victoza

1 daily
independent of meals

51

Dosage form of Victoza

SubQ injection
0.6mcg, 1.2mcg, 1.8mcg
all come in 1 pen

52

Storage of Victoza in pharmacy

in fridge

53

therapeutic class of Byetta

incretin mimetic

54

therapeutic class of Victoza

incretin mimetic

55

Generic of Januvia

sitagliptin

56

Trade of sitagliptin

Januvia

57

therapeutic class of Januvia

Dipeptidyl Peptidase-4 Inhibitor

58

Generic of Janumet

sitagliptin
metformin

59

Trade of sitagliptin+metformin

Janumet

60

BBW for Janumet

do not use in patients with lactic acidosis

61

Dosing interval of Janumet

twice daily

62

generic for Onglyza

saxagliptin

63

trade for saxagliptin

Onglyza

64

therapeutic class of Onglyza

dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor

65

What is T4

levothyroxine

66

What is T3

liothyronine

67

Dosing interval for Onglyza

1 daily

68

BBW for thyroid hormones

toxic in weight reduction

69

Patient counseling on Thyroid medications

take on empty stomach

70

Synthroid

levothyoxine

71

Levoxyl

levothyroxine

72

Levothroid

levothyroxine

73

Cytomel

liothyronine