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Flashcards in Respiratory Drug Facts Deck (146):
1

rhinitis

inflammation of the mucus membranes of the nose

2

allergic rhinitis

Inflammation that is caused by an allergic reaction

3

2 types of allergic rhinitis

Seasonal(Periodical)
Perennial(Year Round)

4

Symptoms of allergic rhinitis

Sneezing
Pruritus
Rhinorrhea

5

Rhinorrhea

runny nose

6

pruritus

itching

7

Receptor involved with allergic rhinitis

Histamine-1 (H-1) Receptor

8

Receptor NOT involved with allergic rhinitis

Histamine-2 (H-2) Receptor

9

Mediators that cause inflammation and symptoms

Histamine
Prostaglandins
Leukotrienes

10

Dosing interval for Zyrtec

1 daily

11

Zyrtec is indicated for:

Chronic Idiopathic Urticaria
Allergic Rhinitis

12

Drug(s) that are OTC

Zyrtec
Xyzal
Claritin
Claritin RediTabs
Clarinex
Clarinex RediTabs
Allegra Allergy 12 Hour
Allegra Allergy 24 Hour
Children's Allegra Allergy
Allegra D 12 Hour
Allegra D 24 Hour

13

Drugs that are Prescription only

Astelin
Astepro
Optivar

14

Stength(s) of Zytec tablets

Tablets: 5mg, 10mg

15

Strength(s) of Zyrtec syrup

Syrup: 5mg/5mL

16

Strength(s) of Zytrec cheweable tablets

Cheweable Tablets: 5mg, 10mg

17

Dosing interval for Xyzal

1 daily

18

Dosing interval for cetirizine

1 daily

19

Dosing interval for levocetirizine

1 daily

20

Xyzal is indicated for:

Chronic Idiopathic Urticaria

21

Strength(s) of Xyzal tablets

Tablets: 5mg

22

Strength(s) of levocetrizine soln,

2.5mg/5mL

23

What generation is Benadryl?

1st Gen.

24

What is the indication for diphenhydramine?

allergic rhinitis

25

Non-FDA indication for cyproheptadine

anorexia

26

What is chlorpheniramine indicated for?

allergic rhinitis

27

Indication(s) for Vistaril

Anxiety, nausea + vomiting, pruritis(Itching involved with hives)

28

Dosing interval for Zyrtec

1 daily

29

Symptoms of Allergic Rhinitis

rhinorrhea, pruriitus, sneezing

30

What is the hydroxyzine metabolite?

cetirizine

31

What generation is chlorpheniramine?

1st Gen

32

What generation is Vistaril?

1st Gen

33

What generation is cyproheptadine?

1st Gen

34

Indications for Zyrtec(cetirizine)?

Allergic Rhinitis
Chronic Idiopathic Urticaria

35

Is Zyrtec non-sedating?

No
Claritin and Allegra are non-sedating

36

Strength of cetirizine syrup

5mg/5mL

37

Mixture of Zyzal

R Isomer of cetirizine

38

Strength of Zyzal soln.

2.5mg/5mL

39

Dosing interval for Zyzal

1 daily

40

Indication(s) for Claritin(loratadine)?

Allergic Rhinitis
Chronic Idiopathic Urticaria

41

trade name for ODT loratadine

Claritin RediTabs

42

Strength(s) of Claritin tablet

5mg

43

Strength(s) of Claritin ODT tablets

10mg

44

Strength of loratadine syrup

5mg/5mL

45

strength of loratadine chewable tablet

5mg

46

What is deloratadine?

Active metabolite of loratadine
trade name: Clarinex

47

what is the strength(s) of Clarinex tablet?

5mg

48

What is the strength(s) of desloratadine ODT tablets?

2.5mg, 5mg

49

What is the strength of Clarinex syrup?

2.5mg/5ml

50

What is fexofenadine?

Allegra
Antihistamine

51

Strength of Allegra Allergy 12 hour

60mg

52

Strength of fexofenadine Allergy 24 hour

180mg

53

Strength of Children's Allegra Allergy

30mg

54

Strength of childrens strength fexofenadine ODT

30mg

55

Strength of CHildren's Allegra Allergy oral suspension

30mg/5mL

56

What is Allegra D 12 Hour?

extended-release tablet
60mg fexofenadine
120mg pseudoephedrine-nasal decongestant

57

What is Allegra D 24 Hour?

extended release tablet
180mg fexofenadine
240mg pseudoephedrine

58

Strength of Astelin

0.1%

59

Age limit for Astelin

5 and older

60

Strength of Astepro

0.15%

61

Age limit for Astepro

12 and older

62

What is contained in Astepro

sorbitol

63

What produces a bad aftertaste?

Astelin

64

what is the dosage form of Astelin?

nasal spray

65

What is the dosage form of Optivar?

Op. solution

66

What is the strength of the azelastine Op. solution?

0.05%

67

Indication for Optivar

allergic conjuctivitis

68

Dyspnea

difficulty breathing

69

What is the drug strength of Optivar?

0.05%

70

Indications for montelukast

allergic rhinits
EIA
Asthma prophylaxis

71

strength of Singulair tablet

10mg

72

strength of Singulair chewable tablet

4mg, 5mg

73

stength of Singulair granules

4mg/packet

74

Dosing interval for montelukast

1 daily or 2hrs prior to exercise

75

Age limit on montelukast tablets

15 and older

76

age limit on montelukast chewable tablets

6-14 yrs

77

age limit on montelukast granules

6mo-5yrs
can sprinkle on food or take orally
do not mix with water

78

Indication for Accolate

asthma prophylaxis

79

Dosing interval for zafirlukast

twice daily
take on an empty stomach

80

Action of inhaled corticosteroids

reduce the production of inflammatory mediators

81

Indication for Flovent HFA

asthma prophylaxis

82

Dosage form of fluticasone (Inhaled)

Metered Dose Inhaler (MDI)

83

what is the trade name of the dispensing devise for mometasone (Inhaled)

Twisthaler

84

Discard asmanex after...

45 days

85

Dosage form of Asmanex Twisthaler

Dry Powder Inhaler (DPI)

86

Dosage form of Pulmicort Flexhaler

DPI

87

what is the the trade name for the dispensing device for budesonide (inhaled)

Flexhaler

88

Indication for Asmanex Twisthaler

asthma prophylaxis

89

Indication for Pulmicort Flexhaler

asthma prophylaxis

90

Dosing interval for Pulmicort Flexhaler

Twice daily

91

Dosage form for Pulmicort respules

suspension for nebulization

92

Dosing interval for budesonide respules

twice daily

93

Indication for Pulmicort respules

Asthma prophylaxis

94

dosage form of beclomethasone

MDI

95

Dosing interval for QVAR

Twice Daily

96

Indication for QVAR

asthma prophylaxis

97

Indication for beclomethasone

asthma prophylaxis

98

oral candidiasis

Oral thrush

99

What is oral thrush caused by?

Candida albicans

100

Clinical term for Oral Thrush

oral candidiasis

101

OTC product used to treat Thrush

gentian violet

102

What causes Thrush?

Inhaled corticosteroids

103

best prevention of Thrush

Rinse out mouth 15 min after using inhaled corticosteroids

104

child Rx for Thrush

nystatin suspension

105

Adult Rx for Thrush

clotrimazole troches

106

Indications for albuterol

Relieves accute asthma attacks
Prevention of EIA
Treatment and prevention of asthma

107

Dosage form of ProAir HFA

MDI

108

Dosage form of Ventolin HFA

MDI

109

Dosage form of Proventil HFA

MDI

110

Drug strength in ProAir HFA

90mcg/inhalation

111

drug strength of Ventolin HFA

90mcg/inhalation

112

drug strength of Preventil HFA

90mcg/inhalation

113

Ventolin HFA should be discarded after...

3 months

114

Dosing interval for all albuterol products

4 times daily

115

MIx contained in Xopenex HFA

R isomer of albuterol

116

INdication for levalbuterol

Asthma treatment and prevention

117

Indication for Xopenex

Asthma treatment and prevention

118

trade name of levalbuterol soln. for nebulization

Xopenex

119

Dosage form of Xopenex HFA

MDI

120

Drug strength of Xopenex HFA

45mcg/inhalation

121

Dosing interval for Xopenex

4 times daily

122

Indication for Astelin

allergic rhinitis

123

Indication for Astepro

allergic rhinitis

124

Indication for Optivar

allergic conjuctivitis

125

Dosing form of Serevent Diskus

DPI

126

Dosing interval for salmeterol

twice Daily

127

Dosing interval for Serevent Diskus

Twice Daily

128

What is the BBW for salmeterol

May increase risk for asthma related death

129

When should you discard the Serevent Diskus?

6 weeks

130

What is the device that is used to deliver salmeterol

Diskus

131

Indication for Symbicort

asthma prophylaxis

132

Dosage form of Symbicort

MDI

133

Discard Symbicort after...

3 months

134

What is the tradde name for formoterol

Foradil Aerolizer

135

What is the dispensing device for formoterol

Aerolizer

136

What is the generic that is dispensed in an aerolizer?

formoterol

137

Dosing interval for Foradil Aerolizer?

Twice daily

138

Indication for formoterol

asthma prophylaxis

139

Indication for Foradil Aerolizer

asthma prophylaxis

140

Resin used in extended release suspension

polistirex

141

Strength of chorpheniramine in Tussionex

8mg/5ml

142

Strength of Hydrocodone in Tussionex

10mg/5ml

143

Dosing interval for Tussionex

twice daily

144

Dosing interval for Delsym

Twice daily

145

strength of dextromethorphan in Delsym

30mg/5ml

146

Antitussive

Cough relief