Exam 3 Drug Facts(Misc. Lectures) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Exam 3 Drug Facts(Misc. Lectures) Deck (107):
1

Mechanism of Bisphosphonates

Becomes part of the bone permanently, making bone resistant to resorption

2

Osteoblasts

involved in the buildup of bone
bone forming cell
decreased activity in older age

3

Osteoclasts

involved in bone resorption-removal of calcium of bone into the blood
Always active

4

Generic of Fosamax

alendronate

5

Dosage form of Fosamax

tablet

6

Dosage form of alendronate

tablet

7

strengths of Fosamax

35mg
70mg

8

strengths of alendronate

35mg
70mg

9

Dosing interval of Fosamax

1 weekly

10

Dosing interval of alendronate

1 weekly

11

How should you take bisphosphonates

Take on empty stomach
Take with water
Remain upright for 30 minutes

12

Generic of Fosamax Plus D

alendronate + cholecalciferol

13

Synonyms for calcium

cholecalciferol
ergocalciferol

14

Dosing interval of Fosamax Plus D

1 weekly

15

Dosage form of Fosamax Plus D

tablet
comes in a package of 4

16

Strengths of Fosamax Plus D

70mg alendronate + 70mcg cholecalciferol

70mg alendronate + 140mcg cholecalciferol

17

What does 70 mcg of cholecalciferol equal?

2800 IU Vit. D

18

What does 140mcg of cholecalciferol equal?

5600 IU Vit.D

19

Dosage form of Rx Vit. D supplement

capsule

20

Strength of Rx Vit. D supplemet

50,000 IU

21

Dosing interval for Rx Vit. D

1 weekly

22

Indication for Rx Vit. D supplemengt

used to treat Vit. D deficiency

23

How much Vit. D is needed to prevent deficiency?

400 IU
available OTC

24

Why is Vit. D needed?

Needed to promote absprotion of calcium
Vit. D deficiency leads to increased osteoclast activity =osteopororsis

25

Generic of Actonel

risendronate

26

Trade of risendronate

Actonel

27

Dosage form of Actonel

tablet

28

Strengths of Actonel

35mg
150mg

29

Dosing interval for Actonel 35 mg

1 weekly

30

Dosing interval for Actonel 150mg

1 monthly

31

Dosing interval for risendronate 35mg

1 weekly

32

Dosing interval for risendronate 150mg

1 monthly

33

Generic of Atelvia

risendronate

34

Dosage form of Atelvia

enteric coated delayed release tablet

35

Dosing interval for Atelvia

1 weekly
take after breakfast
empty stomach can lead to GI upset

36

Generic of Boniva

ibandronate


Bisphosphonate

37

trade of ibandronate

Boniva


Bisphosphonate

38

Dosing interval for Boniva

1 monthly

39

Dosing interval for ibandronate

1 monthly

40

Strength of Boniva

150mg

41

Dosage form of Boniva

tablet

42

Dosage form of ibandronate

tablet

43

Strength of ibandronate

150mg

44

Generic of Evista

raloxifene


Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulator(SERM)

45

Trade of raloxifene

Evista


Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulator(SERM)

46

Indication of Evista

for osteoporosis
for breast cancer prophylaxis

47

Indication for raloxifene

for osteoporosis
for breast cancer prophylaxis

48

BBW for Evista

Can increase risk of deep vein thrombosis (DVT)
May increase risk of stroke

49

Dosing interval of Evista

1 daily

50

Dosing interval of raloxifene

1 daily

51

dosage form of raloxifene

tablet

52

dosage form of Evista

tablet

53

How does SERM work

estrogen receptor agonist in bone-decreasing bone resportion
Estrogen receptor antagonist in breast tissue-reduces probability of breast cancer

54

term for blood clot?

thrombus

55

Definition of thrombus

blood clot

56

Generic of Imitrex

sumatriptan


Antimigraine agents

57

How do antimigraine agents work?

Migraines are caused by vasodilation of the cerebral arteries. Antimigraines cause vasoconstriction

58

Dosage forms of Imitrex

tablet
injection
nasal spray

59

Strengths of Imitrex tablet

25mg
50mg
100mg

60

Dosing interval for Imitrex tablets

1 tablet at onset. Repeat every 2 hours if necessary.Do not exceed maximum daily dose of 200mg

61

What is the max daily dose of Imitrex tablets

200mg

62

Strengths of Imitrex Injection

0.4mg
0.6mg

63

Dosing interval for Imitrex injection

1 inj. at onset. Repeat in 1 hour if needed. Do not exceed 2 injections/day

64

Max dose of Imitrex injection

2 inhections per day

65

Strengths of Imitrex nasal spray

20mg

66

Dosing interval for Imitex nasal spray

1 time use nasal spray bottle
1 spray at onset. Repeat in 2 hours if necessary
Do not exceed 40mg/2 sprays a day

67

Max dose of Imitrex nasal spray

2 sprays/40mg per day

68

Generic of Relpax

eletriptan

69

Dosage form of Relpax

tablet

70

dosage form of eletriptan

tablet

71

strength of Relpax

20mg
40mg

72

strength of eletriptan

20mg
40mg

73

max daily dose of eletriptan

80mg

74

Dosing interval for Relpax

1 at onset. Repeat every 2 hours until you reach max dose if necessary

75

Generic of Zomig

zolmitriptan

76

trade of zolmitriptan

Zomig

77

dosage form of Zomig

tablet
ODT
nasal spray

78

Strength of Zomig tablet

2.5mg
5mg

79

Srength of Zomig-ZMT

2.5
5mg

80

MAx dose for Zomig tablet

10mg

81

Max dose on Zomig-ZMT

10mg

82

Dosing interval for Zomig tablet

1 at onset. Repeat evry 2 hours until your reach max daily dose

83

Dosing interval for Zomig-ZMT

1 at onset. take every 2 hours until you reach max daily dose

84

Whats the trade name of Zomig ODT?

Zomig-ZMT

85

Strength of Zomig nasal spray

5mg

86

MAx dose of Zomig Nasal spray

10mg

87

Dosing interval of Zomig Nasal Spray

1 spray at onset. repeat in 2 hours if necessary. Do not exceed 2 sprays/10mg per day

88

Generic of MAxalt

rizatriptan


Antimigraine agent

89

Trade of rizatriptan

Maxalt


Antimigraine agent

90

Dosage form of Maxalt

tablet

91

strength of Maxalt

5mg
10mg

92

Dosage form of Maxalt-MLT

ODT

93

Strength of Maxalt-MLT

5mg
10mg

94

MAx dose of Maxalt

30mg

95

Dosing interval for Maxalt

1 at onset. repeat every 2 hours until you reach max daily limit

96

Dosing interval of Lastacaft

1 daily

97

Dosing interval of alcaftadine

1 daily

98

Dosing interval of Bepreve

twice daily

99

Dosing interval bepotastine

twice daily

100

Dosing interval of Optivar

twice daily

101

Dosing interval of azelastine

twice daily

102

Dosing interval of Zaditor

twice daily

103

Dosing interval of ketotifen

twice daily

104

Therapeutic class of Pataday

Mast Cell Stabalizer

105

Dosing interval of Pataday

1 daily

106

Dosing interval of olopatadine

1 daily

107

Mech. of action for Mast Cell Stabalizers

decrease histamine production