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Flashcards in anxiety/ocd Deck (37)
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1

physical and mental response to imminent threat

fear

2

anticipation of threat in the future

anxiety

3

what is the most common mental disorder?

anxiety

4

avoidance leads to ____, exposure leads to_____

anxiety; extinction

5

marked fear or anxiety about a specific object or situation

specific phobia

6

phobias activate what part of ANS

sympathetic nervous system arousal

7

mean age of onset for phobias

age 10

8

tx of anxiety disorders

exposure therapy

9

marked fear/anxiety of social situations involving exposure to possible scrutiny of others

social anxiety disorder

10

median age of onset of social anxiety disorder

13

11

tx of social anxiety disorder

psychotherapy

12

1st line pharmacotx for social anxiety disorder

SSRI, SNRI

13

recurrent unexpected panic attacks

panic disorder

14

abrupt surge of intense fear or discomfort within minutes

panic attack

15

oversensitivty to heartbeat changes

panic attack

16

1st line tx for panic disorder

CBT

17

1st line pharmacotx for panic disorder

slowly titrate up SSRI/SNRI

18

fear of not having access to help or of not being able to escape the situation

agoraphobia

19

what can develop as a result of a panic disorder

agoraphobia

20

onset of agoraphobia highest in which 2 age grps

age 17, after age 40

21

excessive anxiety/worry for more days than not for at least 6 months about a number of events

GAD

22

presence of which 3+ sx for defining GAD (6)

1. restlessness
2. easily fatigued
3. difficulty concentrating
4. irritability
5. muscle tension
6. sleep disturbance

23

dx of GAD peaks when?

middle age

24

which type of psychotx: cognitive element to change distorted thinking

CBT

25

which type of psychotx: decrease avoidance, decr attachment to thoughts

acceptance and commitment thearpy

26

which type of psychotx: address issues underlying fears

psychodynamic

27

what effect can SSRI/SNRI initially have in GAD?

initially increase anxiety

28

pharmacotx of GAD (3)

1. SSRI/SRI
2. benzos used acutely
3. buspirone

29

MOA of buspirone

5 HT partial agonist

30

unwanted, recurrent, intrusive thoughts

obsessions