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Flashcards in schizophrenia spectrum Deck (46)
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1

4 A's of schizo

autism, ambivalence/apathy, loose associations, flat affect

2

definition of schizo: abnormalities in 1+ of what 5 domains

1. delusions
2. hallucinations
3. disorganized thinking/speech
4. grossly disorganized behavior
5. negative sx

3

fixed beliefs that are not amenable to change in light of conflicting evidence

delusions

4

gestures, comments, environmental cues are directed at oneself

referential delusions

5

individual believes falsely that another person is in love with them

erotomanic delusions

6

involve a conviction that a major catastrophe will occur

nihilistic delusions

7

preoccupation regarding health and organ fxn

somatic delusions

8

perception like experiences that occur without an external stimuli

hallucinations

9

childlike silliness to unpredictable agitation

grossly disorganized or abnormal motor behavior

10

purposeless and excessive motor activity without obvious cause

catatonic excitement

11

decr in motivated self initiated purposeful activities

avolution

12

diminished speech output

alogia

13

decr ability to experience pleasure

anhedonia

14

lack of interest in social interactions

asociality

15

pervasive pattern of social and interpersonal deficits marked by discomfort or inability to have close relationships, eccentricites

schizotypal disorders

16

what % schizotypal have 1+ MDD?

50%

17

prevalence of schizotypal disorders in US

4.6%

18

schizotypal disorders more common in males or females

males

19

criteria for delusional disorders: presence of ____delusions for ___

1+ delusions for 1+ months

20

most frequent subtype of delusional disorder

persecutory

21

which type of delusion disorder is more common in males than females

jealous

22

delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech, catatonic behavior for >1 day but less than 1 month, with return to premorbid fxn

brief psychotic disorder

23

prevalence of brief psychotic disorder

9% of first onset psychosis

24

brief psychotic disorder more common in males or females

females

25

when delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech, catatonic behavior (2+) are present for a significant time during a 1 month period

schizophreniform disorder

26

time course of schizophreniform disorder

episodes last at least 1 month, but less than 6 months

27

is schizophrenia or schizophreniform disorder more common

schizophrenia if 5x more common

28

likelihood of ppl with schizophreniform disorder going on to develop schizophrenia

2/3

29

schizophrenia definition: continous signs of disturbance persist for at least ____with ____mon of active sx

persist for at least 6 months with 1 month of active sx

30

prevalence of schizophrenia

0.3-0.7%