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Flashcards in Anxiety, OCD, and Trauma Deck (43):
1

What type of anxiety is characterized by a normal component of the human condition, does not prevent daily function, or destroy a grasp on reality?

Normal anxiety

2

Normal anxiety is an apprehension that is unpleasant and is associated with what type of nervous system response?

Autonomic nervous system response

3

Can anxiety be a learned behavior?

Yes, anxiety can be a learned behavior.

4

Can anxiety be the result of irrational thoughts?

Yes, anxiety can be the result of irrational thoughts.

5

What type of anxiety is characterized when the patient experiences significant distress and dysfunction?

Pathologic anxiety

6

What type of anxiety is associated with the excessive fear or anxiety concerning separation from those to whom the individual is attached? Three criteria must be met.

Separation anxiety

7

Regarding specific phobia, social phobia, and agoraphobia, what requirement was deleted from the DSM IV?

Individuals over the 18 y/o recognize that their anxiety is excessive or unreasonable.

8

Regarding specific phobia, social phobia, and agoraphobia, the anxiety must be __ to the actual danger or threat.

Out of proportion

9

Regarding specific phobia, social phobia, and agoraphobia, how long do symptoms persist in order to diagnosis?

6 months

10

What type of phobia is associated with fear or anxiety that is associated with a particular situation or object?

Specific Phobia

11

What is the phobic stimulus?

The object or situation that makes the patient scared or have anxiety towards.

12

In specific phobia, what type of avoidance describes an individual who intentionally behaves in ways that are designed to prevent or minimize contact with phobic objects or situations?

Active avoidance

13

What type of anxiety disorder is associated with an intense fear of social situations in which the individual may be scrutinized by others?

Social anxiety disorder

14

Social anxiety disorder may be associated with anticipatory anxiety. What does this mean?

Anxiety starts to occur far in advance of the upcoming event.

15

What type of disorder is associated with recurrent unexpected panic attacks?

Panic disorder

16

What is an abrupt surge of intense fear or intense discomfort that reaches a peak in minutes?

Panic attack

17

What is meant by a panic attack specifier?

This means that the panic attack occurs within the context of another mental disorder. For example, PSD with panic attack.

18

What type of anxiety disorder is associated with an increase fear or anxiety associated with public transportation, open spaces, enclosed spaces, standing in lines or crowds, and being outside of the home alone?

Agoraphobia

19

In agorphobia, the individual experiences what type of thoughts? As a result, what do patients do?

Individuals think something bad will happen and they will not be able to escape if it does. Patients will actively avoid these situations.

20

What type of disorder is associated with excessive anxiety about everyday routine circumstances? The anxiety is out of proportion to the likelihood of the event actually occurring.

Generalized anxiety disorder

21

What population, with GAD, tend to worry about everyday routine circumstances?

Adults

22

What population, with GAD, tend to worry about competence or the quality of their performance?

Children

23

What anxiety disorder is associated with repetitive and persistent thoughts, or urges that are intrusive and unpleasant?

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

24

What are the thoughts and urges?

Obsessions

25

What is the behavior associated with trying to relieve anxiety from obsessions?

Compulsions

26

In OCD, the obsessions and compulsions must be __ or cause significant ___.

Time consuming. Distress.

27

What type of anxiety disorder is associated with a preoccupation of perceived defects or flaw in physical appearance? These flaws are not observable or appear only slightly to other individuals. These are unwanted, intrusive, and time-consuming.

Body Dysmorphic Disorder

28

What type of anxiety disorder, most common associated in men, is the preoccupation that the body is too small or insufficiently lean or muscular?

Muscle dysmorphia

29

What type of disorder is associated with persistent difficulties discarding or parting with possessions, regardless of their actual value?

Hoarding disorder

30

Hoarding disorder. What type of clutter?

Excessive clutter

31

Hoarding disorder. Is saving of the possessions intentional?

Yes, saving of the items are intentional.

32

High anxiety and distress results when there is an attempt to do what to the possessions?

Discard to clear the possessions

33

What type of disorder is associated with hair pulling leading to hair loss and clinically significant distress?

Trichotillomania (Hair-Pulling Disorder)

34

What type of disorder is associated with recurrent picking of an individuals own skin?

Excoriation Disorder

35

In order for Excoriation Disorder to be diagnosed, skin picking must lead to what?

Skin lesions

36

In order for excoriation disorder to be diagnosed, the patient must have made what type of attempts to decrease or stop picking?

Repeated

37

What type of disorder is associated with the inappropriate attachment behavior of a children who rawly or minimally turns preferentially to an attachment figure for support, protection, and nurturance?

Reactive attachment disorder

38

In children with reactive attachment disorder, there is what type of expression of positive emotions during interactions with caregivers?

Absent or diminished expression of positive emotions

39

What disorder is associated culturally inappropriate overly familiar behavior with relative strangers? This behavior violates the social boundaries.

Disinhibited social engagement disorder

40

What type of disorder is hallmarked by the development of characteristic symptoms following exposure to one or more traumatic events?

PTSD

41

What two characteristics are associated with PTSD?

Re-experience and avoidance

42

What type of stress disorder is associated with the development of characteristics symptoms lasting 3 days to 1 month following exposure to one or more traumatic events?

Acute stress disorder

43

What type of disorder is associated with the presence of emotional or behavior symptoms in response to an identifiable stressor?

Adjustment Disorders