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Flashcards in Schizophrenia Deck (35):
1

Emil Kraepelin classified the symptoms of schizophrenia based on what etiology? He termed "dementia praecox" to related to delusions, hallucinations, and motor problems. He identified the symptoms that are currently classified as negative symptoms.

physical symptoms

2

Eugene Bleuler classified the concept of schizophrenia as a split from what two types of reality? He described schizophrenia as associations, ambivalence, affect, and autism.

Split with internal and external reality

3

Kurt Schneider categorized what two types of symptoms of schizophrenia?

First and second rank symptoms

4

Kurt Schneider stated that a diagnosis of schizophrenia an be made with only on of what type of symptom?

First rank

5

In adoptive studies, it was determined that schizophrenia was found only in the children of mother with what?

Schizophrenic.

6

What is the correlation between consanguinity and incidence of schizophrenia?

The closer the consanguinity (familial relationship), the higher the incidence of schizophrenia.

7

What type of neurological pathways seem to be altered in schizophrenic patients?

dopaminergic pathways

8

Dopamine increase within this pathway results in hallucinations and delusions.

Mesolimbic pathway

9

Malfunction in this pathway results in disordered thinking, such as negative symptoms of schizophrenia.

Mesocorticol pathway

10

A decrease in dopamine in this pathway will produce muscular dyscontrol and trembling and contribute to the extrapyramidal side ffects such as tar dive diskinesia.

Nigrostriatal pathway

11

Blocking dopamine in this pathway can cause an increase in prolactin levels which leads to hyperlocatinemia and may lead to sexual dysfunction.

Tubuloinfundibular pathway

12

Excess of this neurotransmitter may contribute to the positive or negative symptoms of schizophenria.

Seratonin

13

What type of disorder is associated with the presence of one or more delusions with a duration of 1 month or longer, but functioning and behavior is not altered?

Delusional Disorder

14

What subtype of delusional disorder is associated with a central theme of delusion whereby another person is in love with the individual?

Erotomanic Type

15

What subtype of delusional disorder is associated with a central theme of delusion is the conviction of having some great but unrecognized talent or insight or having made some important discovery?

Grandiose Type

16

What subtype of delusional disorder is associated with a central theme of delusion whereby the individual believes that the spouse or partner is unfaithful?

Jealous Type

17

What subtype of delusional disorder is associated with a central theme of delusion whereby the individual believes the he or she is being conspired against, cheated, spied on, followed, poisoned, druged, harassed, or obstructed in the pursuits of long-term goals?

Persecutory Type

18

What subtype of delusional disorder is associated with a central theme of delusion whereby body sensations or functions are experienced?

Somatic Type

19

What subtype of delusional disorder is associated with a central theme of delusion whereby no one delusional theme predominates?

Mixed Type

20

What subtype of delusional disorder is associated with a central theme of delusion whereby the dominant belief cannot be determined or is not described in the specific types?

Unspecified

21

What type of content, associated with a delusional disorder, are clearly implausible, not understandable, and not derived from ordinary life experiences?

Bizarre content

22

What type of disorder is associated with sudden onset of delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech, or abnormal psychomotor heavier?

Brief psychotic disorder

23

With marked stressors, without marked stressors, and with catatonia is referred to as specifiers for which disease?

Brief psychotic disorder

24

What disorder is characterized by symptoms identical to schizophrenia BUT is differentiated by duration of illness? There is no social or impaired social function. Episodes last at least one month but less than 6 months.

Schizophreniform Disorder

25

What disorder is characterized by delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech, grossly disorganized beavhior, and negative symptoms such as diminished emotional expression and avoidance?

Schizophrenia Disorder

26

What type of schizophrenia symptoms are characterized as distortions or exaggerations of normal functions which may have hyerpativity of dopamine receptors, specifically, in the dopamine-hyperactive limbic system which contributes to delusions and hallucinations? Auditory hallucinations are the most common type.

Positive symptoms

27

What type of schizophrenia symptoms are absent of normal heavier and emotions and are associated with constriction (reduction in intensity or feeling tone), blunted (reduction in verbal or behavioral expressed feeling), and flat (absence or near absence of any signs of affective expression?

Negative symptoms

28

What type of disorder is classified as an uninterrupted period of illness during which there is a major mood episode (major depressive or manic) concurrent with symptoms of schizophrenia?

Schizoaffective Disorder

29

What is associated with another mental disorder and involves stupor, catalepsy, waxy flexibility, mutsim, negativism, posturing, mannerism, stereotype, agitation, grimacing, echolalia, and echopraxia?

Catatonia

30

Typical antipsychotics have a greater risk to cause what symptoms, such as tar dive dyskinesia, than ayptical antipsychotics?

Extrapyramidal

31

What syndrome is caused to the abrupt withdrawal of a dopamine precursor with the use of dopamine receptor antagonists? This condition may be life threatening. Symptoms include hyperthermia, muscular rigidity, and autonomic dysregulation.

Neurleptic Malignant Syndrome

32

What type of antipsychotic medications are associated with peripheral and central anticholingeric side effects?

Atypical antipsychotics

33

What type of dyskinesia describers the involuntary movements of the face, trunk, or extremities and occurs to prolonged exposure to a dopamine receptor blocking agents? This may NOT resolve after onset.

Tardive Dyskinesia

34

What type of syndrome may result when second generation atypical antipsychotic medications have been used?

Metabolic Syndrome

35

True or False. People with Schizophrenia have a higher rate of suicide than the general population.

True.