Flashcards in Schizophrenia Deck (35):
Emil Kraepelin classified the symptoms of schizophrenia based on what etiology? He termed "dementia praecox" to related to delusions, hallucinations, and motor problems. He identified the symptoms that are currently classified as negative symptoms.
Eugene Bleuler classified the concept of schizophrenia as a split from what two types of reality? He described schizophrenia as associations, ambivalence, affect, and autism.
Split with internal and external reality
Kurt Schneider categorized what two types of symptoms of schizophrenia?
First and second rank symptoms
Kurt Schneider stated that a diagnosis of schizophrenia an be made with only on of what type of symptom?
In adoptive studies, it was determined that schizophrenia was found only in the children of mother with what?
What is the correlation between consanguinity and incidence of schizophrenia?
The closer the consanguinity (familial relationship), the higher the incidence of schizophrenia.
What type of neurological pathways seem to be altered in schizophrenic patients?
Dopamine increase within this pathway results in hallucinations and delusions.
Malfunction in this pathway results in disordered thinking, such as negative symptoms of schizophrenia.
A decrease in dopamine in this pathway will produce muscular dyscontrol and trembling and contribute to the extrapyramidal side ffects such as tar dive diskinesia.
Blocking dopamine in this pathway can cause an increase in prolactin levels which leads to hyperlocatinemia and may lead to sexual dysfunction.
Excess of this neurotransmitter may contribute to the positive or negative symptoms of schizophenria.
What type of disorder is associated with the presence of one or more delusions with a duration of 1 month or longer, but functioning and behavior is not altered?
What subtype of delusional disorder is associated with a central theme of delusion whereby another person is in love with the individual?
What subtype of delusional disorder is associated with a central theme of delusion is the conviction of having some great but unrecognized talent or insight or having made some important discovery?
What subtype of delusional disorder is associated with a central theme of delusion whereby the individual believes that the spouse or partner is unfaithful?
What subtype of delusional disorder is associated with a central theme of delusion whereby the individual believes the he or she is being conspired against, cheated, spied on, followed, poisoned, druged, harassed, or obstructed in the pursuits of long-term goals?
What subtype of delusional disorder is associated with a central theme of delusion whereby body sensations or functions are experienced?
What subtype of delusional disorder is associated with a central theme of delusion whereby no one delusional theme predominates?
What subtype of delusional disorder is associated with a central theme of delusion whereby the dominant belief cannot be determined or is not described in the specific types?
What type of content, associated with a delusional disorder, are clearly implausible, not understandable, and not derived from ordinary life experiences?
What type of disorder is associated with sudden onset of delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech, or abnormal psychomotor heavier?
Brief psychotic disorder
With marked stressors, without marked stressors, and with catatonia is referred to as specifiers for which disease?
Brief psychotic disorder
What disorder is characterized by symptoms identical to schizophrenia BUT is differentiated by duration of illness? There is no social or impaired social function. Episodes last at least one month but less than 6 months.
What disorder is characterized by delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech, grossly disorganized beavhior, and negative symptoms such as diminished emotional expression and avoidance?
What type of schizophrenia symptoms are characterized as distortions or exaggerations of normal functions which may have hyerpativity of dopamine receptors, specifically, in the dopamine-hyperactive limbic system which contributes to delusions and hallucinations? Auditory hallucinations are the most common type.
What type of schizophrenia symptoms are absent of normal heavier and emotions and are associated with constriction (reduction in intensity or feeling tone), blunted (reduction in verbal or behavioral expressed feeling), and flat (absence or near absence of any signs of affective expression?
What type of disorder is classified as an uninterrupted period of illness during which there is a major mood episode (major depressive or manic) concurrent with symptoms of schizophrenia?
What is associated with another mental disorder and involves stupor, catalepsy, waxy flexibility, mutsim, negativism, posturing, mannerism, stereotype, agitation, grimacing, echolalia, and echopraxia?
Typical antipsychotics have a greater risk to cause what symptoms, such as tar dive dyskinesia, than ayptical antipsychotics?
What syndrome is caused to the abrupt withdrawal of a dopamine precursor with the use of dopamine receptor antagonists? This condition may be life threatening. Symptoms include hyperthermia, muscular rigidity, and autonomic dysregulation.
Neurleptic Malignant Syndrome
What type of antipsychotic medications are associated with peripheral and central anticholingeric side effects?
What type of dyskinesia describers the involuntary movements of the face, trunk, or extremities and occurs to prolonged exposure to a dopamine receptor blocking agents? This may NOT resolve after onset.
What type of syndrome may result when second generation atypical antipsychotic medications have been used?