Appendix 1- pictures: colors of oral path Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Appendix 1- pictures: colors of oral path Deck (65):
1

normal color

2

excessively WHITE lesions are secondary to what 3 things

-A thickening of the epithelial covering: Hyperkeratosis, Acanthosis, Dysplasia, Carcinoma.

-An decreased vascularity: Anemia

-An increased collagen content of the subepithelial tissue: Submucous Fibrosis

3

Excessively RED lesions are secondary to what 3 tings

-A thinning of the epithelial covering.

-An increased vascularity

-A dissolution of the collagen content of the subepithelial tissue. 

4

excessively BLUE lesions are secondary to

Venous blood collection as opposed to the red of arterial blood collection. 

5

excessively BLACK lesions are secondary to what 2 tings

1) melanin

2) heavy metals: amalgam, iron, bismuth

6

excessively BROWN lesions are secondary to

Hemosiderin: a yellowish brown granular pigment formed by breakdown of hemoglobin, found in phagocytes and in tissues especially in disturbances of iron metabolism (hemochromatosis, hemosiderosis) and composed essentially of colloidal ferric oxide 

7

Excessively YELLOW lesions are secondary to what 3 things

Adipose tissue as noted in the soft palate with submucosal fat or in a lipoma.

Sebaceous material (skin oil) as noted in Fordyce granules.

Pus as it is a collection of necrotic material, PMNs, and lymphocytes.  

8

most common colors found abnormally in the oral cavity

Most Common: WHITE

2nd Most Common: RED

3rd Most Common: BLACK

4th Most Common: BLUE 

5th Most Common: YELLOW

9

1.Materia Alba

2.White coated tongue

3.Burn (thermal, chemical, cotton roll, etc.)

4.Toothpaste or mouthwash overdose

5.Pseudomembranous candidiasis

10

leukoplakia

tx: bx

11

name it and treat it

materia alba (soft tissue plaque/calculus)

tx: proper oral hygiene

12

name it and treat it

white coated tongue

tx: tongue scraping/brushing

13

5 white lesions that CAN be scraped, rubbed, or pulled off

1) Materia Alba

2)White coated tongue

3) Burn (thermal, chemical, cotton roll, etc.)

4) Toothpaste or mouthwash overdose

5) Pseudomembranous candidiasis

14

name it and treat it

Aspirin burn

Tx: discontinuance of A.S.A. application.

15

name it and treat it

Aspirin burn

Tx: discontinuance of A.S.A. application.

16

name it 

pizza burn

17

cotton role burn

18

name/treat

pseudomembranous candidiasis

tx: antifungals

19

name/treat

pseudomembranous candidiasis/trush

tx: antifungals

20

name/treat

pseudomembranous candidiasis - burning itching mouth

tx: antifungals

21

name/treat

pseudomembranous candidiasis on top of AML

tx: antifungals

22

dx histo for...

Candidiasis

hyphae @ 90 degrees

other ways to dx candidiasis: Culture- sabouraud’s media, Cytology smear, bx

23

8 WHITE plaques that do NOT rub off and their Tx's

1.LEUKOPLAKIA: Biopsy

2.LINEA ALBA: None

3.LEUKOEDEMA: None

4.CHRONIC CHEEK CHEWING: Bite guard

5.NICOTINE STOMATITIS: D/C 6.ORAL HAIRY LEUKOPLAKIA: Treat AIDS

7.TOBACCO POUCH KERATOSIS: D/C

8.LICHEN PLANUS: Steroids

24

name it and tx

Leukoplakia - hyperkeratosis

tx: bx

25

name/tx

leukoplakia- dysplasia

tx: bx

26

name/tx

leukoplakia- carcinoma in situ

tx: bx

27

name/tx

leukoplakia- SCC

tx: bx

28

name/tx

linea alba

tx: none

29

name/tx

leukoedema

tx: none

30

name/tx

leukoedema

tx: none

31

name/tx

linea alba + cheek chewing

tx: none

32

name/tx

CHRONIC CHEEK BITING

Morsicatio buccarum, labiorum, linguarum

Treatment: none or bite guard

33

name/tx

CHRONIC CHEEK BITING

Morsicatio buccarum, labiorum, linguarum

Treatment: none or bite guard

34

name/tx

nicotine stomatitis

tx: stop smoking

35

name/tx

nicotine stomatitis

tx: stop smoking

36

name/tx

ORAL HAIRY LEUKOPLAKIA

Tx underlying AIDS

37

name/tx

ORAL HAIRY LEUKOPLAKIA

Tx underlying AIDS

38

name/tx

tobacco pouch keratosis

tx: stop dipping

39

name

TOBACCO POUCH KERATOSIS can progress to VERRUCOUS CARCINOMA

40

name/tx

Lichen planus

tx: systemic steroids

4Ps for skin LP: pruritic, purple, polygonal, papules

41

name/tx

Lichen planus

tx: systemic steroids

42

name/tx

Lichen planus

tx: systemic steroids

left: reticular

right: erosive

43

name/tx

Lichen planus- oral

tx: systemic steroids

44

name/tx

Lichen planus

tx: systemic steroids

45

name 5 Red AND White Lesions

1.TRAUMATIC ULCER

2.PERICORNITIS

3.ACUTE NECROTIZING ULCERATIVE GINGIVITIS (ANUG)

4.RECURRENT APHTHOUS ULCERS

5.GEOGRAPHIC TONGUE

46

name/tx

traumatic ulcer

tx: none

47

name/tx

Pericoronitis

Tx: none/remove tooth

48

name/tx

ANUG

tx: SRP, Abs, OHI

49

name/tx

RAU: inflammatory ulcer

Tx: Steroids & Antibiotics

50

name/tx

RAU

tx: steroids + Abs

Location + Size + Number = Diagnosis of R.A.U.

51

name/tx

Geographic tongue

tx: none

52

name/tx

Geographic tongue

tx: none

53

name/tx

Geographic tongue

tx: none

54

1.ERYTHEMATOUS CANDIDIASIS

2.ANGULAR CHEILITIS

3.LINGUAL TONSIL 

4.HEMANGIOMA 

5.ERYTHROPLAKIA

55

1.White Pseudomembranous

2.Red Erythematous

3.Central Papillary Atrophy of tongue

4.Angular Cheilitis

5.Denture Stomatitis

6.Mucocutaneous

56

name/tx

Candidiasis

tx: antifungals

57

name/tx

ANGULAR CHEILITIS

Treatment: antifungals, increase the vertical dimension

58

name/tx

ANGULAR CHEILITIS

Treatment: antifungals, increase the vertical dimension

59

ANGULAR CHEILITIS

Treatment: antifungals, increase the vertical dimension

60

LINGUAL TONSIL: Lymphoid Hyperplasia: Reactive Lymphoid Aggregate

Treatment: none

61

HEMANGIOMA

Treatment - surgery, laser, embolization

62

HEMANGIOMA- Sturge Weber

Treatment - surgery, laser, embolization

63

hemangioma

64

erythroplakia

tx: excision

65

1.RACIAL PIGMENTATION

2.AMALGAM TATTOO

3.ORAL MELANOTIC MACULE

4.NEVUS

5.MELANOMA

6.BLACK HAIRY TONGUE