Appendix 1- pictures: colors of oral path Flashcards Preview

oral path > Appendix 1- pictures: colors of oral path > Flashcards

Flashcards in Appendix 1- pictures: colors of oral path Deck (65):
1

Q image thumb

normal color

2

excessively WHITE lesions are secondary to what 3 things

Q image thumb

-A thickening of the epithelial covering: Hyperkeratosis, Acanthosis, Dysplasia, Carcinoma.

-An decreased vascularity: Anemia

-An increased collagen content of the subepithelial tissue: Submucous Fibrosis

3

Excessively RED lesions are secondary to what 3 tings

Q image thumb

-A thinning of the epithelial covering.

-An increased vascularity

-A dissolution of the collagen content of the subepithelial tissue. 

4

excessively BLUE lesions are secondary to

Q image thumb

Venous blood collection as opposed to the red of arterial blood collection. 

5

excessively BLACK lesions are secondary to what 2 tings

Q image thumb

1) melanin

2) heavy metals: amalgam, iron, bismuth

6

excessively BROWN lesions are secondary to

Q image thumb

Hemosiderin: a yellowish brown granular pigment formed by breakdown of hemoglobin, found in phagocytes and in tissues especially in disturbances of iron metabolism (hemochromatosis, hemosiderosis) and composed essentially of colloidal ferric oxide 

7

Excessively YELLOW lesions are secondary to what 3 things

Q image thumb

Adipose tissue as noted in the soft palate with submucosal fat or in a lipoma.

Sebaceous material (skin oil) as noted in Fordyce granules.

Pus as it is a collection of necrotic material, PMNs, and lymphocytes.  

8

most common colors found abnormally in the oral cavity

Most Common: WHITE

2nd Most Common: RED

3rd Most Common: BLACK

4th Most Common: BLUE 

5th Most Common: YELLOW

9

Q image thumb

1.Materia Alba

2.White coated tongue

3.Burn (thermal, chemical, cotton roll, etc.)

4.Toothpaste or mouthwash overdose

5.Pseudomembranous candidiasis

10

Q image thumb

leukoplakia

tx: bx

11

name it and treat it

Q image thumb

materia alba (soft tissue plaque/calculus)

tx: proper oral hygiene

12

name it and treat it

Q image thumb

white coated tongue

tx: tongue scraping/brushing

13

5 white lesions that CAN be scraped, rubbed, or pulled off

1) Materia Alba

2)White coated tongue

3) Burn (thermal, chemical, cotton roll, etc.)

4) Toothpaste or mouthwash overdose

5) Pseudomembranous candidiasis

14

name it and treat it

Q image thumb

Aspirin burn

Tx: discontinuance of A.S.A. application.

15

name it and treat it

Q image thumb

Aspirin burn

Tx: discontinuance of A.S.A. application.

16

name it 

Q image thumb

pizza burn

17

Q image thumb

cotton role burn

18

name/treat

Q image thumb

pseudomembranous candidiasis

tx: antifungals

19

name/treat

Q image thumb

pseudomembranous candidiasis/trush

tx: antifungals

20

name/treat

Q image thumb

pseudomembranous candidiasis - burning itching mouth

tx: antifungals

21

name/treat

Q image thumb

pseudomembranous candidiasis on top of AML

tx: antifungals

22

dx histo for...

Q image thumb

Candidiasis

hyphae @ 90 degrees

other ways to dx candidiasis: Culture- sabouraud’s media, Cytology smear, bx

23

8 WHITE plaques that do NOT rub off and their Tx's

1.LEUKOPLAKIA: Biopsy

2.LINEA ALBA: None

3.LEUKOEDEMA: None

4.CHRONIC CHEEK CHEWING: Bite guard

5.NICOTINE STOMATITIS: D/C 6.ORAL HAIRY LEUKOPLAKIA: Treat AIDS

7.TOBACCO POUCH KERATOSIS: D/C

8.LICHEN PLANUS: Steroids

24

name it and tx

Q image thumb

Leukoplakia - hyperkeratosis

tx: bx

25

name/tx

Q image thumb

leukoplakia- dysplasia

tx: bx

26

name/tx

Q image thumb

leukoplakia- carcinoma in situ

tx: bx

27

name/tx

Q image thumb

leukoplakia- SCC

tx: bx

28

name/tx

Q image thumb

linea alba

tx: none

29

name/tx

Q image thumb

leukoedema

tx: none

30

name/tx

Q image thumb

leukoedema

tx: none

31

name/tx

Q image thumb

linea alba + cheek chewing

tx: none

32

name/tx

Q image thumb

CHRONIC CHEEK BITING

Morsicatio buccarum, labiorum, linguarum

Treatment: none or bite guard

33

name/tx

Q image thumb

CHRONIC CHEEK BITING

Morsicatio buccarum, labiorum, linguarum

Treatment: none or bite guard

34

name/tx

Q image thumb

nicotine stomatitis

tx: stop smoking

35

name/tx

Q image thumb

nicotine stomatitis

tx: stop smoking

36

name/tx

Q image thumb

ORAL HAIRY LEUKOPLAKIA

Tx underlying AIDS

37

name/tx

Q image thumb

ORAL HAIRY LEUKOPLAKIA

Tx underlying AIDS

38

name/tx

Q image thumb

tobacco pouch keratosis

tx: stop dipping

39

name

Q image thumb

TOBACCO POUCH KERATOSIS can progress to VERRUCOUS CARCINOMA

40

name/tx

Q image thumb

Lichen planus

tx: systemic steroids

4Ps for skin LP: pruritic, purple, polygonal, papules

41

name/tx

Q image thumb

Lichen planus

tx: systemic steroids

42

name/tx

Q image thumb

Lichen planus

tx: systemic steroids

left: reticular

right: erosive

43

name/tx

Q image thumb

Lichen planus- oral

tx: systemic steroids

44

name/tx

Q image thumb

Lichen planus

tx: systemic steroids

45

name 5 Red AND White Lesions

1.TRAUMATIC ULCER

2.PERICORNITIS

3.ACUTE NECROTIZING ULCERATIVE GINGIVITIS (ANUG)

4.RECURRENT APHTHOUS ULCERS

5.GEOGRAPHIC TONGUE

46

name/tx

Q image thumb

traumatic ulcer

tx: none

47

name/tx

Q image thumb

Pericoronitis

Tx: none/remove tooth

48

name/tx

Q image thumb

ANUG

tx: SRP, Abs, OHI

49

name/tx

Q image thumb

RAU: inflammatory ulcer

Tx: Steroids & Antibiotics

50

name/tx

Q image thumb

RAU

tx: steroids + Abs

Location + Size + Number = Diagnosis of R.A.U.

51

name/tx

Q image thumb

Geographic tongue

tx: none

52

name/tx

Q image thumb

Geographic tongue

tx: none

53

name/tx

Q image thumb

Geographic tongue

tx: none

54

Q image thumb

1.ERYTHEMATOUS CANDIDIASIS

2.ANGULAR CHEILITIS

3.LINGUAL TONSIL 

4.HEMANGIOMA 

5.ERYTHROPLAKIA

55

Q image thumb

1.White Pseudomembranous

2.Red Erythematous

3.Central Papillary Atrophy of tongue

4.Angular Cheilitis

5.Denture Stomatitis

6.Mucocutaneous

56

name/tx

Q image thumb

Candidiasis

tx: antifungals

57

name/tx

Q image thumb

ANGULAR CHEILITIS

Treatment: antifungals, increase the vertical dimension

58

name/tx

Q image thumb

ANGULAR CHEILITIS

Treatment: antifungals, increase the vertical dimension

59

Q image thumb

ANGULAR CHEILITIS

Treatment: antifungals, increase the vertical dimension

60

Q image thumb

LINGUAL TONSIL: Lymphoid Hyperplasia: Reactive Lymphoid Aggregate

Treatment: none

61

Q image thumb

HEMANGIOMA

Treatment - surgery, laser, embolization

62

Q image thumb

HEMANGIOMA- Sturge Weber

Treatment - surgery, laser, embolization

63

Q image thumb

hemangioma

64

Q image thumb

erythroplakia

tx: excision

65

Q image thumb

1.RACIAL PIGMENTATION

2.AMALGAM TATTOO

3.ORAL MELANOTIC MACULE

4.NEVUS

5.MELANOMA

6.BLACK HAIRY TONGUE