Exam1-pictures Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Exam1-pictures Deck (171):
1

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cleft lip/palate

2

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cleft palate

3

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bifid uvula

4

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enlarged/fused uvula

5

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*median maxillary anterior alveolar cleft

 

look for diastema bwn 8-9

6

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Pierre Robin Syndrome

 

Cleft palate + mandibular micrognathia + glossoptosis + airway obstruction 

7

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commisural lip pits

tx: none

8

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Ascher Syndrome

double lip + blepharochalasis (Droopy eyelids) + nontoxic thyroid enlargement

9

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Fordyce granules

tx: none

10

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Fordyce Granules

tx: none

11

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leukoedema

tx: none

12

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leukoedema

tx: none

13

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microglossia/hypoglossia

aglossia (no tongue)

14

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macroglossia

 

15

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ankyloglossia

tx: none or frenectomy

16

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lingual thyroid

tx: do NOT remove; no tx unless symptomatic or carcinoma

assoc w/dysphagia, dysphonia, psypnea

17

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fissured tongue

tx: none

18

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black hairy tongue

tx: brush tongue

19

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lingual varicosities

tx: none

20

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Buccal exostosis

21

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palatal exostosis

22

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torus palatinus

23

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torus mandibularis

24

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Eagle's Syndrome/ stylohyoid syndrome

tx: surgical removal if symptomatic

25

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stafne defect/ lingual submandibular gland depression

tx: none, varient of normal

26

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palatal cyst of newborn

tx: none; rupture spontaneously

27

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nasolabial cyst/nasoalveolar cyst/ klestadt cyst

tx: surgical excision and removal

28

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nasopalatine duct cyst/incisive canal cyst

tx: surgical removal/enucleation; do pulp test to confirm no endo tx needed

-most common non-odontogenic cyst of oral cavity; RL bwn 8-9; > 6mm

-called cyst of palatine papillae if NOT in bone

29

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nasopalatine duct cyst/incisive canal cyst

tx: surgical removal/enucleation; do pulp test to confirm no endo tx needed

-most common non-odontogenic cyst of oral cavity; RL bwn 8-9; > 6mm

-called cyst of palatine papillae if NOT in bone

30

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median palatal cyst

tx: surgical removal

31

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epidermoid cyst

tx: none/removal

only has KERATIN and assoc w/hair follicle

32

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Dermoid cyst

tx: surgical removal

in FOM, includes hair follicles, sweat and sebaceous glands

33

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Thyroglossal duct cyst

tx: surgical removal

34

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cervical lymphoepithelial cyst

tx: surgical removal

-lateral neck on anterior border of SCM in young adult

35

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oral lymphoepithelial cyst

tx: surgical excision

36

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oral lymphoepithelial cyst

tx: surgical excision

37

name the syndrome

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Crouzon syndrome/ craniofacial dysostosis

38

name the syndrome

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Apert syndrome / acrocephalosyndactyly

39

name the syndrome

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Treacher Collins syndrome /

Mandibulofacial dysostosis

40

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Hypophosphatasia

-no cementum/abnormal cementum formation causes premature loss of deciduous anterior teeth

-bowing of legs and bone fractures

41

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Gingival Fibromatosis

tx: surgical reduction of tissues/gingivectomy

42

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Cherubism

tx: bx for definitive dx

43

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Cleidocranial Dysplasia

-many unerupted supernumerary teeth, hypertelorism and frontal bossing, short stature w/large heads

44

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Gardners Syndrome

tx: prophylactic colonectomy and possible removal of osteomas for cosmetic and functional reasons

45

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Nevoid Basal Cell Carcinoma Syndrome

tx: surgical and other procedures to control BCCs and removal of jaw cysts

-multiple OKS, hypertelorism, BCC of skin/head and neck, bifid ribs

46

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Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia

tx: control of possible bleeding from oral lesions; may complicate dental hygiene procedures

47

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enamel hypoplasia due to childhood high fever- structural defects

tx:restore w/acid etched composite, labial veneers or full crowns

48

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enamel hypoplasia due to childhood fever

tx:restore w/acid etched composite, labial veneers or full crowns

49

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Turner's tooth

tx:restore w/acid etched composite, labial veneers or full crowns

50

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syphilitic hypoplasia

tx: restore w/acid etched composite, labial veneers or full crowns

51

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congenital syphilis 

hutchinson’s triad: hutchinson teeth, interstitial keratitis, 8th nerve deafness

52

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Hutchinson's incisors and mulberry molars

53

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Dental Fluorosis

tx: restore tooth w/acid etched composite, labial veneers or full crowns

54

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Attrition

tx: avoid abrasive foods/toothpastes; bite guard

55

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attrition

tx: avoid abrasive foods/toothpastes; bite guard

56

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Abrasion

tx: avoid abrasive foods/toothpastes; bite guard

57

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Erosion

tx: avoid abrasive foods/toothpastes; bite guard

58

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Erosion

tx: avoid abrasive foods/toothpastes; bite guard

59

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Abfraction

tx: bite guard

60

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Internal resorption: pink tooth of mummery

tx: endo RCT

-only dx'd on radiograph

61

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External Resorption

tx: extract

62

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external resorption

tx: extract

63

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idiopathic external resorption

tx: extract

64

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extrinsic stains

65

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Intrinsic stains: tetracycline

tx: full crowns or veneers

66

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Intrinsic stains: tetracycline

tx: full crowns or veneers

67

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Intrinsic Stain: minocycline

blue gray stain

tx: full crowns or veneers

68

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delayed eruption: impacted teeth

tx: extract

69

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delayed eruption: impacted teeth

tx: extract

70

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delayed eruption: impacted teeth

tx: extract

71

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supernumerary teeth blocking eruption

tx: extract

72

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ankylosis

tx: depends on presence of permanent tooth/occlusion

73

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ectodermal dysplasia

tx: overdenture

74

What is it and what are syndromes associated with it

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hypodontia

assoc syndromes: Crouzon, Downs, ectodermal dysplasia, Ehler-Danlos

75

What is it and what are syndromes associated with it

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Hyperdontia

syndromes: apert, cleidocranial dysplasia, gardner, crouzon

76

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Hyperdontia: Mesiodens 

77

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hyperdontia: 4th molar, distomolar, paramolar

78

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hyperdontia: supernumerary teeth

79

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Dental Transposition

-same # but erupt in the wrong order

-most common: max canines and premolar

80

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natal teeth

tx: ext if extremely mobile or causing traumatic ulcerations

81

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Microdontia- peg lateral

82

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gemination

83

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Gemination

84

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Fusion

85

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Fusion

86

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Concrescence

87

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Cusp of carabelli

88

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Talon Cusp

89

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talon cusp

90

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Dens Evaginatus

 

91

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Dens Invaginatus: dens in dente

tx: none

92

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Dens Invaginatus: dens in dente

93

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ectopic enamel

94

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enamel pearls

95

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taurodontism

tx: none

96

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hypercementosis

97

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dilaceration

98

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supernumerary roots

99

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Amelogenesis Imperfecta

tx: full crowns, facial veneers, overdentures

100

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Amelogenesis Imperfecta

tx: full crowns, facial veneers, overdentures

101

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Amelogenesis Imperfecta

tx: full crowns, facial veneers, overdentures

102

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Dentinogenesis Imperfecta

tx: overdentures

103

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Dentinogenesis Imperfecta

tx: overdentures

104

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Dentinogenesis Imperfecta

tx: overdentures

105

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regional odontodysplasia/ ghost teeth

106

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chronic hyperplastic pulpitis/ pulp polyp

107

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pulp stone

108

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periapical scar/collagen

109

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Periapical abscess

110

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Periapical granuloma w/granulation tissue

111

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Radicular cyst

112

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Cutaneous sinus


-abnormal channel or fistula permitting the escape of exudate to the outside of body

113

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Cellulitis


-diffuse inflammation of ct w/severe inflammation of dermal and subcutaneous layers of skin

114

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Ludwig’s angina


-life threatening cellulitis or ct infection in fom

115

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CAVERNOUS SINUS THROMBOSIS:


-A blood clot within the cavernous sinus, a cavity at the base of the brain. Infection arises from the sinuses, ears, or teeth

116

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osteomyelitis

117

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Osteoradionecrosis: bone death secondary to massive radiotherapy


Osteochemonecrosis: bone death secondary to bisphosphonates

118

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Proliferative periostitis

119

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Gingivitis


Tx: SRP

120

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NUG: necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis

Tx: SRP, surgical debridement

121

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NUG: necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis

tx: SRP, surgical debridement

122

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Plasma cell gingivitis

123

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Desquamative gingivitis


Clinical term only, need to bx

124

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Drug related gingival hyperplasia: anticonvulsants, CCBs, cyclosporine, erythromycin, oral contraceptives

tx: stop/change drug

125

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Gingival fibromatosis

tx: gingivectomy

126

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Papillon-lefevre syndrome

Palmar-plantar keratosis

127

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Acute Apical Abscess

tx: RCT, maybe Abs, ext

UL RL

128

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Dental/periapical granuloma

tx: endo test for RCT or ext

UL RL assoc w/non-vital tooth

129

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Radicular/periapical cyst

Tx: endo test for RCT or ext

-UL RL assoc w/non-vital tooth

130

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Residual cyst

tx: none, remove if gets too large

UL RL

131

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Residual cyst

tx: none, remove if gets too large

UL RL

132

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Fibrous Bony Defect (Apical Scar)

Tx: none, normal varient of healing

UL RL

133

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dentigerous cyst

tx: ext + marsupialization

UL RL

134

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dentigerous cyst

tx: ext + marsupialization

UL RL

135

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dentigerous cyst

tx: ext + marsupialization

UL RL

136

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dentigerous cyst

tx: ext + marsupialization

UL RL

137

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Incisive Canal Cyst/nasopalatine cyst

tx: ext +/- marsupialization

UL RL

 

138

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Incisive Canal Cyst/nasopalatine cyst

tx: ext +/- marsupialization

UL RL

139

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lateral periodontal cyst

tx:conservative enucleation and curettage

UL RL

140

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lingual salivary gland depression

tx: none, variant of normal

UL RL

141

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lingual salivary gland depression

tx: none, variant of normal

UL RL

142

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Traumatic/simple/solitary bone cyst

tx: curettage walls, let bone fill in cavity

NOT A CYST

UL RL

143

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Traumatic/simple/solitary bone cyst

tx: curettage walls, let bone fill in cavity

NOT A CYST

UL RL

144

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hematopoeitic bone marrow defect

tx: incisional bx to confirm then no more tx

UL RL

145

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hematopoeitic bone marrow defect

tx: incisional bx to confirm then no more tx

UL RL

146

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zygomatic air cell defect

tx: none, varient of normal

UL RL

147

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ameloblastoma

tx: marginal resection, remove 1cm margin of healthy tissue around lesion

ML RL

148

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ameloblastoma

tx: marginal resection, remove 1cm margin of healthy tissue around lesion

ML RL

149

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Odontogenic Keratocyst: OKC

tx: wide excision +/- marsupialization

ML RL

150

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Odontogenic Keratocyst: OKC

tx: wide excision +/- marsupialization

ML RL

151

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Nevoid Basal cell carcinoma (Gorlin) syndrome

tx: enucleation, avoid radiation

ML RL

152

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Central Giant Cell Granuloma

Tx: thorough curettage and surgery, steroids, calcitonin, INF alpha 2a

ML RL

153

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Central Giant Cell Granuloma

Tx: thorough curettage and surgery, steroids, calcitonin, INF alpha 2a

ML RL

154

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Chronic Osteomyelitis

Tx: HBO therapy, repeated debridement, Abs

mixed RL/RO

155

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Chronic Osteomyelitis

Tx: HBO therapy, repeated debridement, Abs

mixed RL/RO

156

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Chronic Osteomyelitis

Tx: HBO therapy, repeated debridement, Abs

mixed RL/RO

157

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Periapical cemento-osseous dysplasia

tx: follow pt w/serial radiographs

mixed RL/RO

158

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Periapical cemento-osseous dysplasia

tx: follow pt w/serial radiographs

mixed RL/RO

159

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FLorid Cemento Osseous Dysplasia

Tx: follow pt w/serial radiographs

mixed RL/RO

160

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Tori

tx: remove maybe

RO

161

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Tori

tx: remove maybe

RO

162

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Root tips

tx: remove

RO

163

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Condensing Osteitis

Tx: endo or ext

RO

164

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Focal Idiopathic Osteosclerosis

tx: none

RO

165

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Focal Idiopathic Osteosclerosis

tx: none

RO

166

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Odontoma- compound

tx:enucleation and curettage

RO

167

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Odontoma- complex

tx:enucleation and curettage

RO

168

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Amalgam tattoo

tx: none

RO

169

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Amalgam tattoo

tx: none

RO

170

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antral pseudocyst

tx: none

RO

171

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Calcified Carotid Atheromata

Tx: none, med consult

RO