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Flashcards in approaches Deck (14)
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1

what does the cognitive approach do?

studies thought process scientifically to explain behaviuour

2

what types of experiments does the cognitive approach use?

laboratory
field
natural

3

outline computer model in cognitive approache

input given by senses
processing by brain, processor, has networks, can work in parallel or sequentially using eg. schemas
output in language or behaviour

4

outline computer model in cognitive approach

reductionist, emotions unlimited and unreliable memory and free will

5

what are schemas?

collection of ideas\information about the world formed trough experience

6

how can an information be in respect to schemas

consistent or inconsistent

7

what happens in the information is consistent with schema?

assimilation

8

what happens if information is inconsistent with schema

accommodation, schema has to change

9

which are the 3 types of schemas?

role schemas
event schemas
self schemas

10

how can schema be negative

stop from learning
lead to stereotypes

11

research in schema influence

american folk tale changed in recall by English ppl to fit with their schemas

12

when does cognitive neuroscience starts?

1970

13

what does cognitive neuroscience do

maps human brain function
lesion studies
electrophysiology
neuroimaging (PET)

14

evaluation cognitive approach

positive
considers mental processes
big influence on develop of therapies
negative
research mostly carried in artificial situation, low ecological validity
individual differences not taken into account.