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Flashcards in attachment Deck (35)
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1

who investigated types of attachment? what was the study called?

Mary Ainsworth
the strange situation

2

how many ppts did the strange situation have? how old were they?

160 between 9 and 18 months old

3

outline the steps of the strange situation

1.mother stranger infant explores
2.conversation between mum and stranger
3.infant stranger
4.mother infant
5.infant
6.infant stranger
7.mother infant

4

what were the 3 types of attachment found in the strange situation? and percentages

secure attachment 70%
insecure avoidant 15%
insecure resistant 15%

5

what were the features of securely attached children?

show distress when separated
moderate stranger anxiety
comforted when reunited

6

what were the features of insecure avoidant children?

not distressed at separation
no stranger anxiety
can be comforted by a stranger

7

what were the features of insecure resistant child?

show distress when separated
stranger anxiety
reject contact when reunited.

8

evaluation of the strange situation

positive:
controlled variables
become accepted method to measure attachment
replicable and same findings
child friendly room
9-18 months old have developed sociability
negative:
low ecological validity
demand characteristics from mothers
might not be main attachment figure

9

who carried the meta analysis of cross cultural studies on the strange situation ? how many studies?

van ljzebdoorn 32 studies

10

results of van ljzebdoorn ank Kroonenberg study

most child securely attached
insecure: western countries mostly avoidant (tiger in Germany)
non-western mostly resistant (Japan)
most differences within

11

evaluationvan ljzebdoorn study

researcher bias
cultural bias brought up in different ways. Germany values independence

12

how could secure attachment influence later relationship

confident
trustworthy relationships

13

how could insecure avoidant attachment influence later in life

no trustworthy relationships

14

how could insecure resistant attachment influence later life?

insecure

15

define attachment

emotional reciprocal mutual bond between caregiver and infant

16

interactions between caregiver and infant

- sensitive responsiveness - respond correctly to signals and needs
- imitation
- interactional synchrony
- motherase

17

who studied stages of attachment

Schaffer and emerson

18

stages found by staffer and emerson

1 asocial phase 0 to 6 w - distinguish object and humans
2 indiscriminate attachment 6w 7m - enjoy protest in stop interacting
3 discriminate attachment 7m 9m - special distressed
4 multiple attachments

19

study to support staffer and emerson

glasgow longitudinal study 60 infants between 0 - 18 month old observed every 4 weeks, stages found to occur, only 50% primary attachment was mother

20

how did animal studies

Lorenz and halow

21

Lorenz key

imprinting (attach to first moving object)
critical period 16 h

22

Harlow key

- comfortable and food mum
-3/6/12 months isolates
-social emotional disturbance
- violet with offspring

23

2 explanations of attachment

learning theory
bowlby

24

outline learning theory

dollar and miller
classical conditioning associate mum with pleasure given by food
operant conditioning negative reinforcement, mum stops hunger

25

bowl by theory outline

biological - survival - natural selection
- monotropy ,one special bond, survival
- critical person 3yo
-continuity hypothesis - internal working model, template for future relationships
- maternal deprivation theory

26

additional studies

bulldog bank
koluchova twins

27

2 terms to describe disruption of attachment

separation - short time
deprivation - long time

28

bowlby maternal deprivation hypothesis

during critical period emotional intellectual and social development damaged

29

bowlby study of delinquents

adolescents most had experienced privation
bowl defines them as affection less psychopaths

30

study of privation

robertson and Robertson little John 9 days in a day care