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Flashcards in Ass 2 mcq Deck (19)
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1

tutor discusses intelligence. students must answer which is NOT correct...

a. Intelligence refers to ability to adapt successfully to demands of life
b. intelligence can be measure objectively
c. intelligent behaviour various from one context to another
d. concept of intelligence includes speed of task performance

1. a
2. a, d
3. b
4. c, d

3. b

2

when intellectual development is normal, IQ increases gradually over the lifespan. Correct / incorrect?

incorrect, mental age + intellectual ability increase annually more or less up to age of 16

3

identify main difference between theories of intelligence proposed my Spearman + Thurston. which is correct?

1. initially Thurson could not identify existence of a general ability
2. Thurston identified more specific factors than Spearman
3. Thurston rejected the notion of intelligence based on a general factor
4. Thurston singled out interpersonal skills as part of intelligence

initially Thurson could not identify existence of a general ability

4

according to two-factor theory of emotion, the experience of emotion depends on..

1. autonomic arousal followed by cognitive interpretation of the arousal
2. interpretation of cognitive content followed by physiological arousal
3. using environmental cues to label emotions
4. 1 and 3

1 and 3

5

which of emotion and motivation is NOT true?

1. emotion + motivation are both triggered by some kind of stimuli
2. emotions + motivation activate + affect behaviour
3. we can predict the kind of behaviour that can be produced by both emotions + motivation
4. al of above

3. we can predict the kind of behaviour that can be produced by both emotions + motivation

6

learning can be defined as..

1. any change in behaviour
2. a relatively permanent change in behaviour due to past experience
3. a permanent change in behaviour due to physical development
4. any change in behaviour caused by punishment

2. a relatively permanent change in behaviour due to past experience

7

the effect of conditioned stimulus can be extended to include other similar stimuli. After conditioning, stimuli that are similar to the conditioned stimulus may also trigger the same response. In classical conditioning, this process is called....

1. stimulus discrimination
2. higher order conditioning
3. stimulus generalization
4. a conditioned response

3. stimulus generalization

8

in classical conditioning, the term extinction refers to...

1. the situation that after conditioning, stimuli that are similar to the conditioned stimulus may trigger the same response
2. the reappearance of a response which seemed to have been extinguished
3. the process of discriminating / detecting differences among similar stimuli + only responding to a specific stimulus
4. the disappearance of a previously learned response

4. the disappearance of a previously learned response

9

teach dog catch ball, 3rd try brings ball, reward with biscuit. this refers to what kind of reinforcement schedule?

1. fixed interval schedule
2. variable interval schedule
3. fixed ratio schedule
4. variable ratio schedule

fixed ratio schedule

10

in operant conditioning terms, reinforcement refers to...

1. tendency to respond to similar but not identical stimuli
2. unpleasant consequences of a response
3. process that occurs when a pleasant / desirable reinforcer follows a response
4. the reappearance of a response which seems to have been extinguished

3. process that occurs when a pleasant / desirable reinforcer follows a response

11

which is TRUE about short term memory?

1. it has an unlimited storage capacity
2. it can store information for at least 30 min
3. it is affected by any interruption / interference
4. once info is placed in STM, it is stored permanently

3. it is affected by any interruption / interference

12

What term is used to describe the process whereby we forget things after a time because the physiological mechanisms responsible for memories fade away?

1. ineffective coding
2. memory decay
3. forgetting
4. interference

memory decay

13

tutor asks question, you say you cant remember straight away but will remember in minute or two. this indicates a problem with...

1. retrieval
2. recognition
3. decay of info
4. storage of info

retrieval

14

which of following are the methods to improve encoding of info in memory?

a. elaboration, linking one fact to other bits of info
b. using visual imagery
c. making info personally meaningful
d. storing encoded info

1. a,c,d
2. a,b,c
3. a,b,d
4. b,c,d

a,b,c

15

competitive, strive for success, time is nb, gets frustrated , impatient when things not done his way. is a description of...

1. type a personality
b. type b personality
c. hardy personality
4. 1 + 3

type a personality

16

which refers to manner in which people express + deal with their emotions...

1. character
2. personality
3. temperament
4. traits

temperament

17

which theoretical approach to personality development focuses on the unique qualities of people, their freedom + potential for growth?

1. behaviourist approach
2. trait approach
3. humanist approach
4. psychoanalytic approach

humanist approach

18

Sams personality test results indicate that he is an extrovert. Extroversion describes his...

1. temperament
2. personality type
3. character
4. self concept

2. personality type

19

which describes Cattell's source trait theory of personality?

1. an nb aspect is the ay traits are organised / related to each other
2. people have cardinal, central + secondary traits
3. source traits represent an underlying personality characteristic
4. 1 + 3

3. source traits represent an underlying personality characteristic