Past papers 2014-2010 mcq Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Past papers 2014-2010 mcq Deck (58)
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1

discharge of a nerve impulse
1. is all or nothing event
2. is strongest when myelin is present
3. starts near the synapse
4. all of above

is all or nothing event

2

mr smith didn't keep his appointment , is unreliable. this is an example of .......reasoning
1. inductive
2. critical
3. logical
4. deductive

inductive

3

time during which the neuron is NOT ready to fire is called
1. action potential
2. frequency
3. synapse
4. refractory period

refractory period

4

neurotransmitter associated with muscular rigidity & tremor:
1. acetylcholine
2.dopamine
3. adrenalin
4. serotonin

dopamine

5

part of brain responsible for bodily sensations such as touch, temperature / pain

1. occipital lobes
2. temporal lobes
3. parietal lobes
4. frontal lobes

parietal lobes

6

part of brain responsible for combining visual stimuli into meaningful patterns:

1. occipital lobes
2. temporal lobes
3. parietal lobes
4. frontal lobes

occipital lobe

7

the main function of the ...is to co-ordinate motor movement
1. pons
2. medulla oblongata
3. thalamus
4.cerebullum

cerebullum

8

chief characteristic of hypnosis is

1. enhanced creativity
2. heightened arousal
3. heightened ability to concentrate
4. increased suggestibility

increased suggestibility

9

critical point in a receptor which determines whether a stimulus is intense enough...

1. base threshold
2. generator potential
3. transduction
4. absolute threshold

absolute threshold

10

a process of perceptual organisation that refers to our tendency to complete something spontaneously sothat it has meaning is ...

1. contour
2. perceptual constancy
3. proximity
4. closure

closure

11

go hiking, friend asks if you saw trees, you didn't. your friend noticed it because..

1. friends ability to conduct parallel processing
2. friends spatial organisation
3. depth cues that your friend saw on the hike
4. friends perceptual set

friends spatial organisation

12

asked write essay explaining common barriers to problem-solving... what would be suitable essay title?

1. the structure of reasoning
2. perception + understanding
3. group dynamics + learning
4. cognition heuristics, trial + error

the structure of reasoning

13

perceptual barriers described :

state where we only see one aspect of a problem + ignore others

14

Mr wessels finds difficult accept sons test results, because family is very intelligent, his understanding of intelligence can be attributes to the...

1. general theory of intelligence
2. biological theory of intelligence
3. multiple-factor theory of intelligence
4. information processing approach of intelligence

2. biological theory of intelligence

15

in classical conditioning the term SPONTANEOUS RECOVERY refers to...

1. situation after conditioning, stimuli similar to conditioned stimuli may trigger the same response
2. reappearance of a response which seemed to have been extinguished
3. process of discriminating / detecting differences among similar stimuli + only responding to a specific stimulus
4. disappearance of a previously learned response

2. reappearance of a response which seemed to have been extinguished

16

According Albert Bandura (1986) which is NOT essential components to observational learning?

1. attention
2. motivation
3. retention
4. frequency

frequency

17

which occurs when making a response removes an unpleasant event?

1. positive reinforcement
2. generalisation
3. negative reinforcement
4. extinction

negative reinforcement

18

remember something a few days later illustrates..

1. declarative memory
2. long term memory
3. procedural memory
4. 1 + 2

1+2

19

hear sound, hold breath and aware of environment. is a phenomenon of...

1. attention
2. perceptual organisation
3 perceptual law of contouring
4. orienting response

orienting response

20

according to two- factor theory of emotions, experience of emotions depends on
1. autonomic arousal followed by cognitive interpretation of the arousal
2. interpretation of cognitive content followed by physiological arousal
3. using environmental cues to label emotions
4. 1 + 3

1+3

21

which is NOT par of GAS model of stress:

1. exhaustion phase
2. alarm + mobilization phase
3. resistance phase
4. psycho-social phase

psycho-social phase

22

Which about stress + diseases IS TRUE?

1. Chronic diseases are associated with prolonged stress
2. Diseases start + develope in presence of intense stress experienced over shorter period of time
3. In psychosomatic diseases the emotional problems may arise in reaction to health problem
4. 1+ 3

Diseases start + develope in presence of intense stress experienced over shorter period of tim

23

Personality theory described as:

1. Group concepts, values proposed to explain personality
2. System of concepts,assumptions,ideas,principles
proposed to explain personality
3. System limited to psychological concepts + spiritual factors proposed to explain personality
4. All above

2. System of concepts,assumptions,ideas,principles
proposed to explain personality

24

Reward + punishment shape personality development reflect which theory of personality?

1. Humanistic
2. Behaviouristic
3. Person-centred
4. Psychoanalytic

Behaviouristic

25

Character refers to..

1. Peoples emotions,way deal,express those emotions
2. Aspects of personality involving persons values,ability to behave according to those values
3. Stable qualities that mostly remain consistent in various + changing situations
4. People who have several traits in common

Aspects of personality involving persons values,ability to behave according to those values

26

Does 'Neurotransmitters' prevent the nervous system from over stimulation by regulating the relationship between stimulus intensity and the frequency of an impulse?

false, refractory period prevents nervous system from overstimulation

27

Which summation refers to the frequent action potentials along the same axon that allow the discharge of more of the neurotransmitters to reinforce the postsynaptic potential ??

temporal summation

28

Which summation refers to the effect of impulses arriving from different axons fibres at the same synapse to reinforce a postsynaptic potential ??

Spatial summation

29

Spatial + Temporal summation increase chance of a neuron firing in the case of....... and reduce the chance of firing in the case of inhibitory postsynaptic potentials

1. excitatory postsynaptic potential
2. resting membrane potential
3. refractory period
4. salutatory conduction

1. excitatory postsynaptic potential

30

poor vision is a result of damage to.....lobe

occipital lobe

31

Which is NOT principle of brain functioning?

1. organised, hierarchical manner, complex + higher structures control the lower structures
2. lateralization of the brains function thus location of the functions is more predominant in one hemisphere than the other
3. right hand side of brain predominantly controls the functions on the right side and vice versa
4. specific, plastic, some structures are connected in specific ways + yet brain is capable of being changed to form new connections

3. right hand side of brain predominantly controls the functions on the right side and vice versa

32

spinal cord protected by strong thick membrane called..

dura mater

33

Which not part of forebrain?

1. hypothalamus
2. corpus collosum
3. thalamus
4. cerebellum

cerebellum

34

which is NOT true about hypnosis?

1. alters emotional component but not sensory component of pain
2. prevents body from experiencing pain
3.produces relaxation, concentration, temporary behavioural change
4. uses autosuggestion to induce altered state of consciousness

1. alters emotional component but not sensory component of pain

35

see flash to your left, turn and see a camera. what two sensory systems helped u find the direction of the stimulus?

1. proprioceptive system + visual system
2. somaesthetic system + chemical system
3. auditory system + visual system
4. chemical system + proprioceptive system

1. proprioceptive system + visual system

36

which is incorrect about processing of monitoring in the sensory system?

1. is brains ability to process incoming info rapidly
2. occurs primarily below level of awareness
3. aimed at blocking out changes in the internal + external environment
4. starts when receptors receive stimulus energy

aimed at blocking out changes in the internal + external environment

37

sense smell around you..what sensory system activated smell?

chemical system

38

child groups blocks according to colour, ask what colours are , child doesn't know... this behaviour is demonstrative of....

conceptualisation + lang are not same thing

39

difficult understand idea of self as separate from individuals around others...no man is a island.... The difficulty these students are experiencing is ?

cultural barriers ( prevent u.standing a concept from diff culture)

40

intelligent people have intelligence children is based on...

biological theories of intelligence

41

In....... terms such as extinction, stimulus discrimination, spontaneous recovery are some of the basic principles of learning

classical conditioning

42

which is NOT correct about learning?

1. associative learning takes place by pairing one thing / event to another
2. cognitive learning takes place when learning involves thinking
3. psychosocial learning refers to the way we associate our emotions
4. social learning refers to the manner people acquire behaviour in their social setting

3. psychosocial learning refers to the way we associate our emotions

43

3 phases of memory

info encoded
encoded info stored
accessing stored info by retreival

44

learn shopping list by means of......memory

procedural

45

saw snake in field, got fright, slowly walked backwards....is description of an emotional process refers to...

primary + secondary emotions

46

what part of brain is involved in responding to perceived danger?

cerebellum

47

GAS model of stress does not take into consideration the fact that events + circumstances are not equally to all people. TRUE OR FALSE?

true

48

phases of contextual stress model consists of...

1. experiencing stress + performing tertiary appraisel
2. performing a secondary appraisal + performing tertiary appraisal
3. encounting potential stressors + experiencing stress
4. all of above

encounting potential stressors + experiencing stress

49

star athlete, strives to succeed, eager to win, refuses to take a break, must stay focused..are characteristics of what personality?

type B

50

which is NOT characteristic of hardy personality?

1. perceptions of personal influence over life events
2. engagement with work + family
3. positive approach to change
4. highly sociability

perceptions of personal influence over life events

51

which psychological structure can be regarded as the conscience of an individual?

ego

52

2 important characteristics of psychological measure

1.reliability,mental age
2.validity,reliability
3.intelligence, validity
4. Creativity,intelligence

Validity, reliability

53

The......monitors + regulates the info needed for reasoning + problem solving

1. Visuospatial sketchpad
2. Executive control system
3. Long term knowledge store
4. Phonological loop

Phonological loop

54

Which theoretical approach of personality postulates that behaviour is largely determined by wishes, desires + feeling that people are unaware of

1. Trait approach
2. Humanistic approach
3. Behaviouristic approach
4. psychoanalytic approach

Psychoanalytic approach

55

Personality approach that views people as creative, rational beings, capable of controlling their own innate impulses?

1. Humanistic approach
2. Behaviouristic approach
3. Biological approach
4. Psychoanalytic approach

Humanistic approach

56

Neurotransmitter responsible for speeding up metabolism + releasing glucose in bloodstream

Adrenalin

57

Cells transform one form of energy ( e.g sound energy) to another in order to be process by nervous system is called...

Transduction

58

The .....refers to the boundary or other features that seperate the figure from the ground

1. Perceptual grouping
2. Principle of proximity
3. Contour
4. Closure

Perceptual grouping