June 2015 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in June 2015 Deck (41)
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1

Motor neurons gather info and send to.:.

Muscle + joints ( not spinal cord)

2

Afferent neurons deliver instructions from brain +spinal cord to rest of body.

True or false?

True

3

The central nervous system is made up of...

Brain and spinal cord

4

Myelin sheaths are separated by small gap called............that facilitates neural impulse to jump from one point to another...

Ranvier

5

Correct sequence of events in process of synaptic transmission

1. Nerve impulse stimulates the boutons, neurotransmitter diffuses across synaptic cleft, vesicles attach to presynaptic membrane

2.nerve impulse stimulates the boutons, vesicles attach to membrane, neurotransmitter released and attach to the receptor on postsynaptic membrane

1. Nerve impulse stimulates the boutons, neurotransmitter diffuses across synaptic cleft, vesicles attach to presynaptic membrane

6

Accident head, cant remember own cell no, or song, speech slurred..caused by damage to...

Temporal lobe

7

Left +right hemisphere of brain dont communicate properly,caused by damage to ...

Corpus callosum

8

Mentally organise friends cell numer 01 24 29 29 55 is memory strategy called...

Chunking

9

Procedural memory

Knowing how to do something...like change gears

10

Processof being unable to retrieve info we have stored in long term memory is called...

Forgetting

11

Tutor asks to relate to recent nb event in lives... David tells what doing during soccer world cup...this info is stored in....

Explicit memory

12

Bad experience with dog,want forget + not talk about it...example of...

Motivated forgetting

13

Learning defined as

1. Any change in behaviour as result of reinforcement
2. Any change in behaviour caused by punishment
3. Relatively permanent change in behaviour due to past experience

Relatively permanent change in behaviour due to past experience

14

Classical conditioning learning,what term refers to re-appearance of response that seems be extinguished?

1.higher order conditioning
2. Spontaneous recovery
3. Extinction
4. Discrimination

Spontaneous recover

15

Operant + classical conditioning

Operant: likelihood of response is influenced by consequences that follow

Whereas

Classical: response is influenced by spontaneous recovery

16

Transport good around country, work overtime occationally,paid at end month.

Example of schedule reinforcement

1. Variable ratio
2. Fixed ratio
3. Variable interval
4. Fixed interval

Fixed interval

17

Punish child effectively depends on 3 aspects:
A. Consistency
B. Spontaneity
C. Timing
D. Intensity

1.a,c,d
2.b,c,d
3. A,b,d
4.a,b,c

A,c,d

18

Type A personalities tend more illnesses others.which is incorrect about type A personalities?

1. Sense time urgency
2.do not believe in their own abilities
3. Tend suffer from chronic anger
4. Set high goals for themselves+ achievement orientated

Dont believe in own abilities

19

Characteristics of collectivist viewpoint about personality?

1. Formality
2. Independence
3. Competition
4. Strong group pressure

Strong group pressure

20

Describe self as sociable, easy going, caring, hard working. What personality approach is been used?

1. Humanistic approach
2. Biological approach
3. Behavioural approach
4. Trait approach

Trait approach

21

Natcotics are stimulant drugs that produce drowsiness + increase insensitivity to pain. Correct or incorrect?

Correct

22

Electroencephalogram (EEG) measurement, brain waves called alpha waves characterize the state of being awake + relaxed. Correct / incorrect?

Correct

23

Phenomenon of rapid eye movement (REM) occurs during

1. Phase 2 sleep,brainwaves are mixed
2. Phase 3, autonomic activity slows down
3. D-sleep, dreams usually occur
4. Phase 4, delta brain waves are high

D-sleep,dreams occur

24

Incorrect about formal reasoning?

1.premised are stated explicitly
3. Structures +rules reasoning more obvious
3. Issue that is being reasoned has personal consequences
4.Usually one correct solution to a problem

Issue that is being reasoned has personal consequences

25

Mother used beat u, when do wrong, now u mother also use physical punishment. Is example of cultural barrier to problem solving??? True ?

Incorrect, learned barrier

26

Forget meet 👥@ cafeteria, she meets u at library later, u ask how she knew u were there? She says u usually there or there at that time..what approach did she use to find you?

Deductive reasoning

27

What SHOULD be included in explanation of problem solving?
A) requires two phases to successfully solve problem
B) process with distinct steps + various strategies
C) universal + doesnt matter how problem defined
D) each potential solution to a problem may give rise to other problem

1.a,b,d
2. A,b,c
3.b,c,d
4.a,b,c,d

A,b,d

28

Peter understand why 👥steak to make living.susan says he us in favour of stealing.what kind of reasoning fallacy is displayed by susan?

1. Trying to discredit issue by discrediting the person who supports issue
2. Playing on someones sympathy to get something done
3. Using slightly changed vision of someone else's point of view as a basis for reasoning
4. Relying on characteristics of a certain group to gain support for particular conclusion

Using slightly changed vision of someone else's point of view as a basis for reasoning

29

Which correct about primary emotion?
A) evident in all cultures
B) contribute to the survival of the species
C) universal agreement on the specific emotions that qualify as primary emotions
D) Evident in non human species

1. A,b,d
2.a,c
3.c,b
4.a,c,d

A,b,d

30

Polygraph is...

1. Measured the lies told by the person being tested
2. Records psychological changes in relation yo the lies being told
3. Monitors the physiological changes when a person lies
4. Makes people respond differently during questioning

Monitors the physiological changes when a person lies

31

Which incorrect about display rules?

1. Are cultural specific rules that govern how when why emotional expressions are appropriate
2. Suggest that learning does not play an important role in expression of emotions
3. Influence way people learn to control, modify expressions of emotions
4. Traditional african cultures allow outward expression of emotions during difficult times

Suggest that learning does not play an important role in expression of emotions

32

Emotions expressed many ways,when experienced,arousal increases, sympathetic system activates body for emergency action. This is behavioural component of emotion??

Incorrect
Physiological component

33

Correct sequence of an emotion

1. Stimulation, arousal,cognitive appraisal, emotion
2. Stimulation, arousal, appraisal, emotion, appraisal, behaviour
3. Stimulation, appraisal, differentiation of emotion, coping
4. Stimulation, appraisal, differentiation of emotion, arousal

Stimulation, appraisal, differentiation of emotion, arousal

34

Easy going person,communicates well, gets along with people.

Is this naturalistic intelligence?

Incorrect
Interpersonal intelligence

35

According information processing approach to intelligence, COMPONENTIAL intelligence refers to...

Ability use, obtain new info for planning +p.solving

36

Creativity, use tyre as a flower pot..example of

Divergent thinking

37

When sensory info is received in brain, process of interpreting * making meaning is called...

Perception

38

Fridge stops humming,become aware hat its stopped, increased awareness is explained as...

Habituation followed by dishabituation

39

Charcoal always black, whether look in bright light or shadow. Is called...

Constant colour

40

Look at 2 bright lights * state brightness is same or not? Whats trying establish?

Differential threshhold

41

Group elements in manner creates balanced figure is called...

Symmetry