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How does one become a legal physical person in the Church?



How does one become a legal juridic person in the Church?

Either ipso iure or after having been established by competent authority


What is the basic characteristic of personality?

Juridic capacity, i.e., being capable of rights and duties


What is the legal status of the unbaptized?

They have rights but not juridic capacity. While the code recognizes their presence, they are not legal persons.


What is the personality or status of the a de facto association of the faithful?

It has a presence in the law and in the Church, but no juridic capacity. It also has the obligation not to call itself Catholic even though it is not a person.


What is the status of catechumens?

They do not have rights and duties, but they do have some privileges.


Baptized Non-Catholics: What is their juridic status?

They have rights and duties to the extent that they are in communion with the Church.


Baptized Non-Catholics: Are they Christifideles?



What are the three bonds of communion?

Profession on Faith, Sacraments, Governance


Baptized Non-Catholics: Are they bound by merely ecclesiastical laws?

Generally not, though there are certain places where they are bound, e.g., marriage to a Catholic.


Baptized Non-Catholics: In the law, how are these similar to those in heresy, apostasy or schism?

The similarity is in that all are Christifideles but they cannot exercise rights on account of broken communion


Lay Faithful: Negative definition

Those who are unordained


Lay Faithful: Positive definition

Those faithful who work to build the kingdom of God in temporal things. (Be able to explain, for example, how marriage is essentially a lay vocation.)


204: Christifideles: Definition

Baptized people who participate in the threefold munera and are called to exercise their mission within the Church


204.2: How is the Church constituted in the world?

As a constituted and orderered society


204.2: How does one find the Church? In other words, who or what needs to be sought out in order to find out where the Church is?

The Roman pontiff. Ubi Petrus, ibi Ecclesia.


205: What are the three bonds of communion?

Profession on Faith, Sacraments, Governance


Astigueta on Church as Sacrament: For sacraments, what are res tantum, sacramentum tantum, and res et sacramentum?

Res tantum: spiritual grace
Sacramentm tantum: sacramental sign
Res et sacramentum: Sign that makes the grace happen


Astigueta on Church as Sacrament: For Church, what are res tantum, sacramentum tantum, and res et sacramentum?

Res tantum: Grace that establishes the Church
Sacraementum tantum: The society
Res et sacramentum: The Church


209: What is the foundation of all rights and duties in the Church?



209: Does communion apply to public and private life?



What are the two origins of rights?

1. If I have a good that others could harm and so I need them to respect it. (E.g., the right to life)
2. If I have need of a good from others in order to live a particular life. (E.g., a child's right to education)


What are the two origins of duties?

1. If I have an obligation to respect what another has and not to damage it
2. If I have an obligation to provide something another needs


What is a general description of the interplay of rights and duties?

If I have a right to something, I generally have a duty that goes with it, and vice versa.


First Axis: 208-207. What does 208 describe?

There is an equality in dignity and action between all Christifideles. Dignity comes from baptism and action gives mission.


First Axis: 208-207. What does 207 describe?

There is a diversity among the Christian faithful that is part of divine will. It isn't as fundamental as baptism, but it is still important. This diversity points to different gifts at the service of the one body. It isn't only functional, because of the ontological change. For example, celibacy is a sign of the Church beyond just the functions of the priesthood.


Second Axis: 223-209: What do these describe?

223: The obligation to maintain the common good.
209: The obligation to maintain communion


What is the common good?

The sum of all objective circumstances in which individuals and particular groups reach the essential ends of their nature.


What is an association of the faithful?

A stable group of the people of God who come together for a deliberate, common purpose, bound together by organization recognized by Church law.


How does a private association act?

In the names of the people involved