Flashcards in Munus Sanctificandi - Kowal (Prepared: Hastings) Deck (63)
4 General Components of Validity
1. Matter and Form
2. Intention (Minister and Recipient)
3. Capacity (Minister and Recipient)
4. (Rarely) Solemnities ad validitatem
Baptism: Matter and Form
Matter: Water (Immersion, Infusion, Sprinkling)
Form: I baptize you in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit.
Confirmation: Matter and Form
Matter: Chrism and the Laying on of Hands
Form: Be sealed with the Gift of the Holy Spirit.
Eucharist: Matter and Form
Matter: Bread and Wine
Form: Words of Institution
Penance: Matter and Form
Matter: Sins, Contrition, Confession, Satisfaction
Form: Words of Absolution
Anointing: Matter and Form
Matter: Anointing with Holy Oil and Imposition of Hands
Form: Through this Holy Anointing...May the Lord who free you from sin...
Ordinary: Bishop, Priest or Deacon. The pastor has particular task of being solicitous for his subjects (530)
In case of necessity: Anyone who intends to do what the Church asks (861.2)
How is Baptism different from all other Sacraments?
Classic Example: Anyone can baptize
Is Baptism necessary for salvation?
Is Baptism the doorway to the other Sacraments?
Baptism: Pastor's obligation for preparation
Can. 843 §1. Sacred ministers cannot deny the sacraments to those who seek them at appropriate times, are properly disposed, and are not prohibited by law from receiving them.
§2. Pastors of souls and other members of the Christian faithful, according to their respective ecclesiastical function, have the duty to take care that those who seek the sacraments are prepared to receive them by proper evangelization and catechetical instruction, attentive to the norms issued by competent authority.
Baptism: Preparation of Adults
Can. 851 The celebration of baptism must be prepared properly; consequently:
1/ an adult who intends to receive baptism is to be admitted to the catechumenate and is to be led insofar as possible through the various stages to sacramental initiation, according to the order of initiation adapted by the conference of bishops and the special norms issued by it;
Baptism: Preparation of Infants: Who and how.
Can. 851 The celebration of baptism must be prepared properly; consequently:...
2/ the parents of an infant to be baptized and those who are to undertake the function of sponsor are to be instructed properly on the meaning of this sacrament and the obligations attached to it. The pastor personally or through others is to take care that the parents are properly instructed through both pastoral advice and common prayer, bringing several families together and, where possible, visiting them.
Baptism: Who can receive this?
Can. 864 Every person not yet baptized and only such a person is capable of baptism.
Baptism: When can adults receive?
Can. 865 §1. For an adult to be baptized, the person must have manifested the intention to receive baptism, have been instructed sufficiently about the truths of the faith and Christian obligations, and have been tested in the Christian life through the catechumenate. The adult is also to be urged to have sorrow for personal sins.
§2. An adult in danger of death can be baptized if, having some knowledge of the principal truths of the faith, the person has manifested in any way at all the intention to receive baptism and promises to observe the commandments of the Christian religion.
Baptism: When can infants receive licitly?
Can. 868 §1. For an infant to be baptized licitly:
1/ the parents or at least one of them or the person who legitimately takes their place must consent;
2/ there must be a founded hope that the infant will be brought up in the Catholic religion; if such hope is altogether lacking, the baptism is to be delayed according to the prescripts of particular law after the parents have been advised about the reason.
§2. An infant of Catholic parents or even of non-Catholic parents is baptized licitly in danger of death even against the will of the parents.
Confirmation: What is it?
Can. 879 The sacrament of confirmation strengthens the baptized and obliges them more firmly to be witnesses of Christ by word and deed and to spread and defend the faith. It imprints a character, enriches by the gift of the Holy Spirit the baptized continuing on the path of Christian initiation, and binds them more perfectly to the Church.
Baptism: What is it?
Can. 849 Baptism, the gateway to the sacraments and necessary for salvation by actual reception or at least by desire, is validly conferred only by a washing of true water with the proper form of words. Through baptism men and women are freed from sin, are reborn as children of God, and, configured to Christ by an indelible character, are incorporated into the Church.
Can. 882 The ordinary minister of confirmation is a bishop; a presbyter provided with this faculty in virtue of universal law or the special grant of the competent authority also confers this sacrament validly.
Confirmation: Capacity to Administer de iure: Who's got it?
Can. 883 The following possess the faculty of administering confirmation by the law itself:
1/ within the boundaries of their jurisdiction, those who are equivalent in law to a diocesan bishop;
2/ as regards the person in question, the presbyter who by virtue of office or mandate of the diocesan bishop baptizes one who is no longer an infant or admits one already baptized into the full communion of the Catholic Church;
3/ as regards those who are in danger of death, the pastor or indeed any presbyter.
Confirmation: Can you subdelegate or associate?
Can. 884 §1. The diocesan bishop is to administer confirmation personally or is to take care that another bishop administers it. If necessity requires it, he can grant the faculty to one or more specific presbyters, who are to administer this sacrament.
§2. For a grave cause the bishop and even the presbyter endowed with the faculty of confirming in virtue of the law or the special grant of the competent authority can in single cases also associate presbyters with themselves to administer the sacrament.
Confirmation: Who can receive?
Can. 889 §1. Every baptized person not yet confirmed and only such a person is capable of receiving confirmation.
§2. To receive confirmation licitly outside the danger of death requires that a person who has the use of reason be suitably instructed, properly disposed, and able to renew the baptismal promises.
Confirmation: Are we obliged to receive?
Can. 890 The faithful are obliged to receive this sacrament at the proper time. Parents and pastors of souls, especially pastors of parishes, are to take care that the faithful are properly instructed to receive the sacrament and come to it at the appropriate time.
Eucharist: What is it?
Can. 897 The most August sacrament is the Most Holy Eucharist in which Christ the Lord himself is contained, offered, and received and by which the Church continually lives and grows. The eucharistic sacrifice, the memorial of the death and resurrection of the Lord, in which the sacrifice of the cross is perpetuated through the ages is the summit and source of all worship and Christian life, which signifies and effects the unity of the People of God and brings about the building up of the body of Christ. Indeed, the other sacraments and all the ecclesiastical works of the apostolate are closely connected with the Most Holy Eucharist and ordered to it.
Eucharist: Three Aspects of 897 (Answer to, What is it?)
1. Christ present in Eucharist
2. Christ offered in Eucharist
3. Christ as food in Eucharist
Eucharist: What two things does it do in regards to unity? (897)
Signifies and effects it. Cf. 205
Eucharist: Can priest concelebrate with non-Catholic ministers?
No! Can. 908 Catholic priests are forbidden to concelebrate the Eucharist with priests or ministers of Churches or ecclesial communities which do not have full communion with the Catholic Church.
Eucharist: c. 915: For excommunicated or interdicted? Obstinately persevering in manifest grave sin? (External Forum)
Can. 915 Those who have been excommunicated or interdicted after the imposition or declaration of the penalty and others obstinately persevering in manifest grave sin are not to be admitted to holy communion.
Eucharist: c. 915. What about those who are conscious of serious sin only in the internal forum? What is their obligation? What is the obligation of the minister who only knows something in the i internal forum?
Can. 916 A person who is conscious of grave sin is not to celebrate Mass or receive the body of the Lord without previous sacramental confession unless there is a grave reason and there is no opportunity to confess; in this case the person is to remember the obligation to make an act of perfect contrition which includes the resolution of confessing as soon as possible.