ATI: Physical Assessmenet of an Adult Flashcards Preview

NRSG 115: Fundamentals Lab > ATI: Physical Assessmenet of an Adult > Flashcards

Flashcards in ATI: Physical Assessmenet of an Adult Deck (66)
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1
Q

Accommodation

A

adjustment, especially that of the lens of the eye for various distances, manifested by the contraction of ciliary muscles and other changes

2
Q

Affect

A

the external expression of emotion attached to thoughts, mood, and ideas

3
Q

Aneurysm

A

a fluid- or blood-filled sac formed by the dilation of the wall of an artery, often forming a pulsating tumor

4
Q

Anosmia

A

absence of the sense of smell

5
Q

Assessment

A

in nursing, the portion of the nursing process that includes collecting and verifying data and analyzing the data as a basis for developing a patient’s plan of care

6
Q

Auscultation

A

listening for sounds within the body, usually with a stethoscope or an ultrasound blood-flow detector (Doppler)

7
Q

Bronchial Breaht Sounds

A

loud, high-pitched, hollow sounds normally heard over the trachea

8
Q

Bronchovesicular Breath Sounds

A

medium-pitched and quieter sounds normally heard over the mainstem bronchi

9
Q

Bruit

A

blowing or swishing sounds heard in an artery that indicate turbulent blood flow

10
Q

Clubbing

A

enlargement of the fingertips and flattening of the angle between the fingernail and the nailbed, a classic sign of long-term oxygen deprivation

11
Q

Cognitive

A

relating to all aspects and processes of perceiving, thinking, and remembering

12
Q

Conjunctiva

A

the delicate membrane that lines the eyelids and covers the exposed surface of the sclera (plural: conjunctivae); bulbar: the portion of the conjunctiva covering the cornea and front part of the sclera, appearing white because of the sclera behind it; palpebral: the portion of the conjunctiva lining the eyelids, appearing red because of its vascularity

13
Q

Crepitus

A

a dry, crackling or grating sound or feeling produced by air in subcutaneous tissue or by bone rubbing against bone

14
Q

Distal

A

farthest from the origin of a part

15
Q

Edema

A

an accumulation of excess interstitial fluid, usually in the subcutaneous tissues

16
Q

Erythema

A

redness of the skin produced by capillary congestion

17
Q

Extracular Muscles

A

a set of six muscles innervated by the cranial nerves that move the eyes in a conjugate (parallel) manner, movement of which is tested by a number of physical-examination techniques including the 6 cardinal positions of gaze and the corneal light reflex test

18
Q

Exudate

A

any material such as fluid, cells, or cellular debris that has escaped from blood vessels and has been deposited in tissues or on tissue surfaces, usually as a result of inflammation

19
Q

Focal

A

with a localized or centralized focus

20
Q

Friction Rub

A

a scratching or squeaking sound that is heard over the lung fields or the precordium, indicating inflammation of the pleura or pericardial lining

21
Q

Gingiva

A

gum; the part of the oral mucosa that overlies the crowns of unerupted teeth and encircles the necks of those that have erupted (plural: gingivae)

22
Q

Hernia

A

the protrusion of a loop or portion of an organ or tissue through an abnormal opening in a muscle wall; palpated as a mass or lump under the skin

23
Q

Integument

A

a covering, such as the skin

24
Q

Ischial Tuberosity

A

a large protuberance on the inferior part of the posterior margin of the body of the ischium, the three major bones that make up each half of the pelvis

25
Q

Kyphosis

A

excessive convex curvature of the thoracic spine

26
Q

Masseter Muscle

A

the muscle that closes the mouth and is the major muscle involved in mastication (chewing)

27
Q

Monofilament

A

a single, untwisted synthetic filament (as of nylon)

28
Q

Murmur

A

a blowing or whooshing sound heard on auscultation of the precordium; signifies turbulent blood flow in the heart caused by a valvular defect

29
Q

Naris

A

one of the external orifices of the nose (plural: nares)

30
Q

Naolabial Fold

A

skin crevice between the nose and the corner of the mouth

31
Q

Nystagmus

A

rapid, repetitive, involuntary, rhythmic movement of the eyeball

32
Q

Otoscope

A

instrument used to examine the ears

33
Q

Pallor

A

paleness; a decrease or absence of skin coloration

34
Q

Palpebral Fissure

A

the longitudinal opening between the eyelids

35
Q

Patent

A

open or unobstructed

36
Q

PEristalsis

A

the waves of contraction that propel contents through the gastrointestinal tract

37
Q

Plantar

A

pertaining to the sole of the foot

38
Q

Pneumothroax

A

an accumulation of air or gas in the pleural space

39
Q

Precordium

A

the region of the anterior surface of the body covering the heart and the stomach, comprising the epigastric region and the inferior part of the thorax

40
Q

Proximal

A

nearest to the origin of a part

41
Q

Psychomotor

A

pertaining to motor effects caused by cerebral activity

42
Q

Ptosis

A

drooping of the upper eyelid

43
Q

Purulent

A

Contraining pus

44
Q

Rales

A

discontinuous sounds heard primarily during inhalation and resulting from air bubbling through moisture in the alveoli or from collapsed alveoli popping open; also called crackles

45
Q

Rebound Tenderness

A

pain that increases when pressure (as from a hand) is removed

46
Q

Regurgitation

A

valvular: backward flowing of blood through the orifices of the heart valves due to abnormal closing of the valves

47
Q

Rhonchi

A

dry, low-pitched, snore-like noises produced in the throat or bronchial tube due to a partial obstruction such as by secretions

48
Q

Scaphoid

A

shaped like a boat or having a concave appearance

49
Q

Sclera

A

the tough, white outer coat of the eyeball

50
Q

Scoliosis

A

an appreciable lateral deviation in the normally straight vertical line of the spine

51
Q

Septum (Nasal)

A

a dividing wall or partition, such as the structure that separates the two nares

52
Q

Speculum

A

an instrument that exposes the interior of a passage or cavity of the body by enlarging its opening

53
Q

STenosis

A

an abnormal narrowing of a duct, canal, or blood vessel

54
Q

Sternocleidomastoid Muscle

A

one of two muscles arising from the sternum and the inner part of the clavicle and inserting at the mastoid process and rotating and laterally flexing the neck

55
Q

Stridor

A

a harsh, high-pitched breath sound such as that heard on inhalation with an acute laryngeal obstruction

56
Q

Tandem Walking

A

placing the heel of one foot in front of and touching the toes of the other foot and repeating the process to walk in a straight line; used as a test of gait, sobriety

57
Q

Tangential Lighting

A

a source of illumination directed from an angle to the side of what is being examined; used to make a raised lesion cast a shadow, for example

58
Q

Temporal

A

pertaining to the lateral region of the head

59
Q

Temporal Muscle

A

muscle that arises in the temporal fossa and inserts into the lower jaw and closes the jaw

60
Q

Thorax

A

chest

61
Q

Thrill

A

a sensation of vibration felt on palpation, such as over the heart during loud, harsh cardiac murmurs

62
Q

Tripod Position

A

a posture that uses three points of support, typically used by patients with pulmonary problems as they lean forward, use their arms for support, and lift the chest to increase breathing capacity

63
Q

Ulnar

A

pertaining to the ulna, the larger of the two bones in the forearm on the side opposite that of the thumb

64
Q

Uvula

A

a general term in anatomical terminology for a pendent, fleshy mass; most often used to refer to the one hanging from the soft palate above the root of the tongue

65
Q

Vesticular Breath Sounds

A

soft, fine, breezy, low-pitched sounds heard over peripheral lung tissue

66
Q

Wheeze

A

a whistling noise with a high pitch, generated by air flowing through narrowed airways