ATI Unit 2 - GI Disorders (Josh) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in ATI Unit 2 - GI Disorders (Josh) Deck (19):
1

Chronic diarrhea is diarrhea that doesn't resolve in ---


14 days

2

Meds for Acute Diarrhea

Metronidazole and Tinidazole (for C. diff)

Mebandazole

Albendazole

Pyrantel pamoate

3

Foods to avoid w/ Diarrhea

Juices, sodas, gelatin

Caffeine

Chicken/Beef Broth (too much sodium)

BRAT diet

4

Levels of Dehydration

Mild = 3-5% weight loss

Moderate = 6-9% weight loss, cap refill 2-4 secs

Severe - > 10% weight loss, cap refill > 4 secs

5

After oral rehydration therapy, which type of diet should we advance to?

normal diet asap

6

Criteria for Cleft Lip repair

10 weeks old

10 lbs

10 Hgb level

7

GER is self-limiting and usually resolves by ---

1 yr

8

Nursing Care w/ GER

Small, frequent meals

Thicken formula

HOB elevated 30o for 1 hr after meals

9

Severe cases of GERD may require which procedure?

Nissen Fundoplication

10

What is HPS?

Hypertrophic Pyloric Stenosis

- occurs in first 5 wks of life

- requires surgery

- start clear fluids 4-6 hrs after surgery, advance to BM or formula as tolerated

11

Which GI disease results from lack of ganglionic cells in the colon, resulting in decreased motility and mechanial obstruction?

Hirschsprung Disease

12

How is Hirschsprung Disease treated?

surgical removal of aganglionic section

13

Complications w/ Hirschspung Disease?

Enterocolitis

Anal Stricture and inctontinence

14

With ---, one part of the bowel telescopes into another part.

Intussusception

- sausage shaped mass
- red currant jelly stools

15

Air Enemas can help ease pain from ---

intussescption

16

Diagnostic procedure to confirm Appendiciits

Computed Tomography (CT) scan that shows an enlarged diameter of appendix and thickening of appendiceal wall

17

Avoid enemas and laxatives with --

appendicitis

18

If appendix has ruptured, what else should we assess for?

Peritonitis

- fever
- sudden increase in pain
- irritability
- rigid abdomen
- abdominal distention
- tachycardia
- rapid, shallow breathing
- pallor
- chills

19

What is Meckel's Diverticulum?

results from failure of the omphalomesenteric duct to fuse during embryonic development