ATI Unit 2 - Respiratory Disorders (Josh) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in ATI Unit 2 - Respiratory Disorders (Josh) Deck (17):
1

Signs of O2 Toxicity

Hypoventilation

increased PaCO2

unconsciousness

2

GI complications from CF

Meconium ileus

Rectal prolapse

Distal intestinal obstruction syndrome

GERD

3

Should the Dry Powdered Inhaler device be shaken?

NO

- also no spacer for these

4

Endocrine complications from CF

diabetes mellitus

5

Early signs of CF:

Respiratory:
- Wheezing
- Dry, nonproductive cough

GI:
- Meconium Ileus

6

Why suction as needed and not routinely?

routine suctioning may cause mucosal damage, bleeding, and bronchospasm

7

Wait 5 mins between --- and other inhaled meds for CF.

ipratroprium bromide

8

When taking ipratroprium for asthma, assess for --

dry mouth (anticholinergic)

- suck on hard candy (older kid)

9

Four Categories of Asthma

Intermittent: 2 or less per week

Mild Persistent: more than twice a week but not daily

Moderate Persistent: daily

Severe Persistent: continually, nighttime more than once a week for 0-4 yr old and nightly for 5-11 yr old; uses SABA several times a day

10

When should CPT be scheduled?

1 hr before or 2 hrs after meals and at bedtime

- administer bronchodilator or nebulizor prior to treatment as prescribed

11

Respiratory complications from CF

Resp infections

Resp colonizations

Bronchial cysts

Emphysema

Pneumothorax

Nasal polyps

12

--- is a set of techniques that include percussion, vibration, and postural drainage.

CPT (Chest Physiotherapy)

13

Exhale through --- w/ MDI (Metered Dose Inhaler)

Exhale through -- w/ DPI (Dry Powder Inhaler)

nose

pursed lips

14

Using a Peak Flow Meter

Zero marker

Stand upright

Close lips tightly around the mouthpiece

Blow out as hard and as fast as possible

Read the number on meter

Repeat twice (waiting 30 secs between) and record highest number

15

What is the medication Dornase Alfa used for?

decreases viscosity of mucus and improves lung function w/ CF clients

16

O2 Sat below -- requires intervention.

O2 Sat below -- is life-threatening emergency.

91

86

17

How long should Prednisone be administerd?

3-5 days

- corticosteroid for asthma