ATI Unit 2 Seizures and Epilepsy Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in ATI Unit 2 Seizures and Epilepsy Deck (7):

what are the 3 categories of seizures

1) general
2) partial/focal
3) unclassified/idiopathic


what type of seizure is most common in children and tends to have familial commonality?

absence seizures


What is a generalized seizure

- also called tonic-clonic or grand mal that my begin with an aura (alteration in senses or emotion)
- tonic = muscle stiffening
- followed by clonic = rhythmic jerking
- cyanosis possible due to breathing irregularities
- incontinence
- post-ictal phase = confusion

1. tonic seizure - half minute to minutes
2. clonic seizures - minutes
3. absence seizures - pediatric, LoC for few sseconds, blank staring, automatism like lip-smacking, then resumes

4. myoclonic seizures= brief jerking or stiffening of extremities, uni or bilateral, seconds
5. atonic or akinetic seizure - muscle tonse lost, followed by confusion, falling


Partial seizures

1. complex
- automatisms
- amnesia after

2. simple
- conciousness maintained
- unusual sensations like deja vu


seizure precautions

- loosen clothing
- turn patient on side
- DON'T put anything in their mouth/don't open jaw
- have suctioning/O2 ready
- privacy
- padded side rails


what med is often prescribed for seizures?

phenytoin (Dilantin)
- drug-drugs: no oral contraceptives (decreases phenytoin); no warfarin (decreases warfarin)
*** can cause an overgrowth of gums


what is status epilepticus?

- seizure activity over a prolonged period of 30 min or more
- acute but emergency