ATI UNIT Neuro Diagnostics Flashcards Preview

Med Surg > ATI UNIT Neuro Diagnostics > Flashcards

Flashcards in ATI UNIT Neuro Diagnostics Deck (6):
1

cerebral angiogram

- dye is injected usually via groin or neck into the arteries to visualize the vasculature of the brain
- assess for iodine/shellfish allergy

2

GCS

Glasgow Coma Scale
15 = best

3

ICP Monitoring

normal ICP is 10-15 mm Hg
ICP = severe headache, decrease LoC, restlessness, irritability, dilated/pinpoint pupils, slowness to react, alteration in breathing pattern (Cheyn Stoke respirations, apnea, hyperventilation) abnormal posturing

4

lumbar puncture

CSF withdrawn form spinal canal either
1. b/c small amount to test
2. to decrease ICP
- while undergoing procedure put in cannonball position
- prone position can relieve headache following puncture

5

PET/SPECT scans

caution in patients with DM as a glucose-based tracer is injected into the blood stream

6

EEG

- stay awake for most of night to trigger symptoms
- wash hair