Autism spectrum disorder Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Autism spectrum disorder Deck (12):
1

Definition/diagnosis

1. Deficits in social communication and social interaction
->Deficits in social-emotional recipricocity->conversation, shared interests, emotions and affect, social interactions
->Deficits in non-verbal communication
->Difficulty managing, developing and maintaining relationships
2. Restrictive, repetitive patterns of behaviour and activities, 2 of:
->Stereotyped, repetitive motor movement
->Insistence on sameness, routine
->Highly restricted, fixated interests
->Hyper/hyporeactivity to sensory input or unusaly interest in sensory aspect of environment
3. Symptoms present in early development
4. Clinically significant impairment
5. Not due to intellectual disability or global developmental delay

May have associated language, neuro-cognitive impairment

2

Risk factors

Family history
Male

3

Conditions within spectrum

Autism, Asperger's Syndrome, Pervasive Developmental Disorder (PDD) and Pervasive Developmental Disorder - Not Otherwise Specified (PDDNOS)

4

Associated problems

Repetitive movements (such as flapping of their hands).
Being more or less sensitive than normal to smells, sounds, sights or touch.
Restricted eating patterns.
Sleeping problems.
Anxiety.
Behaviour problems.
Emotional difficulties.
Learning difficulties.
Attention difficulties.
Difficulties with planning and organising.

5

Three assessments reqired by which specialists

Pediatrician
Speech pathologist
Psychologist

6

Screening tool

Modified checklist for autism in toddlers

7

Principles of management

1. Speech therapy
2. Medication may be appropriate in some cases
3. Behavioural skills
4. Social skills training
5. OT input
6. Environment->structure
7. Special education
8. Early intervention

8

Three key areas of impairment

1. Social interaction
2. Language
3. Imaginative play

9

Features of asperger's

1. Obsessional
2. Poor social interaction
3. Lack common sense
4. Learning difficulties
5. Clumsiness, poor coordination

Can have low, normal or high intelligence
Associated with high level language development

10

Associated conditions with aspergers

Epilepsy
Anxiety
Depression

11

Principles of management in aspergers

As for ASD->adjusted for level of need

12

Important online resources

Ages and stages questionairre
Is my child normal->development red flags
ASPECT

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