Cardiovascular examination Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Cardiovascular examination Deck (10):
1

Key questions in history

Medical conditions associated with heart disease
Breathlessness
Exercise->limited by SOB, palpitations, chest pain.
Colour change->cyanosis, pale, sweaty, poor perfusion
Growth->feeding problems, poor weight gain
Syncope->collapse w/ exercise, unexplained, palpitations
Murmurs->previously noted murmur
Family history->CHD, sudden death in young people

2

Observation

Cyanosis
Breathless, pale, sweaty
Clubbing
Failure to thrive

3

Circulation

BP
CRT

4

Pulse

Rate
Rhythm
Volume
Character
Always check femoral pulses

5

What is a collapsing pulse most commonly associated with

PDA

6

What does a slow rising pulse suggest

Outflow tract obstruction

7

Palpation

Apex
RV heave
Thrills
Hepatomegaly

8

Auscultation

Listen at front and back
Normal, increased, fixed and split, added sound

9

Normal pulse rate 12

110-160
95-140
80-120
60-100

10

Normal BP 12

70-90
80-95
80-100
90-110
100-120

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