Autonomy (lecture 5) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Autonomy (lecture 5) Deck (24)
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1
Q

Autonomy

A

desire for freedom, personal control, and free choice

2
Q

Panic button effect

A
  • > Delivering loud noise blasts while participants were trying to solve a puzzle task
  • > given the “panic button” option exhibited less stress and better performance on the puzzle task
3
Q

Core human motives should elicit goal-oriented behavior (autonomy)

A

Participants who felt they lacked autonomy were more interested in pursuing activities that would restore their autonomy

4
Q

Core motives should be adaptive and beneficial

A
  1. Fulfilling their need for autonomy -> higher self-esteem
  2. Goal performance is better
  3. autonomy increases brain-based sensitivity to failure
5
Q

Core motives should be universal

A

Greater autonmy was associtaed wiht greater well-being (diverse samples)

6
Q

Attributions

A

The beliefs regarding the cause of behavior or outcome

7
Q

When do we search for causal attributions?

A

when an outcome is…

  1. Unexpected
  2. Important
  3. Negative
8
Q

Locus of control (Rotter)

A
  1. Internal

2. External

9
Q

Internal locus of control

A

more likely to make internal attributions and therefore feel more in control of their successes and failures

10
Q

External locus of control

A

more likely to make external attributions and therefore feel less in control of their successes and failures

11
Q

The Overjustification effect

A

The reduction in motivation that occurs when people are given an extrinsic reward for doing something that they already intrinsically enjoyed doing

12
Q

illsuion of control

A

The perception of having control is more important than actually having control (e.g., the panic button effect)

13
Q

depressive realism

A

People who suffer from depression hold a more accurate perception of their abilities and the amount of control they have over their surroundings

14
Q

unrealistically positive terms

A

Mentally healthy people hold positive illusions, and they are more likely than people who suffer from mental disorders to view themselves in unrealistic positive terms

15
Q

magical thinking

A

Beliefs in superstitious acts, the afterlife, and psi-phenomenon
-> people think they have more control

16
Q

Other types of magical thinking deriving from the illusion of control

A
  1. Tempting fate

2. Mind control

17
Q

Response to a lack of control

A

psychological Reactance

18
Q

Reactance

A

When people feel as if their freedom is being taken away, they often reassert their autonomy by doing exactly the opposite of what was requested

19
Q

Learned helplessness

A
  • > normal response

- > generalizes beyond immediate situations

20
Q

When are we willing to give the control to someone else?

A
  1. other are more knowledgeable
  2. others are more skilled
  3. others are more lucky
21
Q

number of choices

two types of poeple

A
  1. Satisficer

2. Maximiser

22
Q

Two dimensions of attribution

A
  1. Locus

2. Stability

23
Q

determining the cause of behavior

A

whether it is our own behvaior or someone else’s -> helps us to be more autonomous (beliefs regarding the cause of behavior/outcome = attribution)

24
Q

Attribution (depending on the two dimensions) -> Four possibilities

A
  1. Ability (internal, stable)
  2. Effort (internal, unstable)
  3. Difficulty (External, stable)
  4. Luck (External, unstable)