Axial Skeleton Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Axial Skeleton Deck (22):
1

Articulated Skull

Cranial cavity.
Nasal cavity.
Nasal septum.
Orbits.
Sagittal suture.
Coronal suture.
Lambdoid suture.
Squamous suture.
Zygomatic arch.
Inferior orbital fissure.
Jugular foramen.
Foramen lacerum.
Incisive foramen.

1

Frontal Bone

Squamous part.
Glabella.
Supraorbital Margin.
Supraorbital foramen or notch.
Frontal sinuses

2

Cranial bones

Frontal.
Parietal.
Temporal.
Occipital.
Sphenoid.
Ethmoid.

3

Temporal Bone

Squamous part.
Zygomatic Process.
Mandibular fossa.
Tympanic part.
External acoustic meatus.
Styloid process.
Mastoid process.
Mastoid Air Cells.
Petrous Part.
Carotid Canal.
Internal Acoustic meatus

4

Occipital

Foramen magnum.
Occipital condyles.
Hypoglossal canal.
External occipital protuberance.
Nuchal lines.

5

Sphenoid

Body.
Sphenoidal sinuses.
Sella turcica.
Greater wings.
Lesser wings.
Pterygoid processes.
Optic canal.
Superior orbital fissure.
Foramen ovale.
Foramen spinosum.
Foramen rotundum.

6

Ethmoid

Perpendicular plate.
Crista galli.
Cribriform plate.
Cribriform foramina.
Ethmoidal sinuses.
Orbital plate.
Superior nasal conchae.
Middle nasal conchae.

7

Maxilla (Maxillary Bone)

Frontal process.
Alveolar process.
Palatine process.
Infraorbital foramen.
Maxillary sinus.

8

Zygomatic

Temporal process

9

Lacrimal

Lacrimal Groove

10

Mandible

Body.
Ramus.
Angle of the Mandible.
Head of the mandible.
Condylar process.
Coronoid Process.
Mandibular notch.
Mental foramen.
Mandibular foramen.
Alveolar process.

11

Articulated Vertebral Column

Intervertebral foramina.
Intervertebral discs.
Vertebral canal.

12

General Features of Vertebrae

Body.
Vertebral arch.
Pedicles.
Laminae.
Vertebral foramen.
Spinous process.
Transverse Processes.
Superior Articular processes.
Superior articular facets.
Inferior articular processes.
Inferior articular facets.

13

Cervical Vertebrae

Transverse foramina.
Atlas-1st.
Axis- 2nd.
Dens (Odontoid process).
Vertabra prominens-7th.

14

Thoracic Vertebrae

Costal facets

15

Sacrum

Auricular surface.
Median sacral crest.
Sacral foramina.
Sacral canal.
Superior articular processes.
Promontory.
Sacral hiatus

16

Sternum

Manubrium
-Suprasternal notch
-Clavicular notch
-Costal notches
Body
-Sternal angle
-Costal notches
Xiphoid process

17

Ribs

Costal cartilages
Head (capitulum)
Tubercle (Tuberculum)
Neck
Shaft (Body)
Costal groove

18

Thoracic Skeleton

Sternum
Ribs

19

Vertebrae

Cervical Vertebrae (7)
Thoracic Vertebrae (12)
Lumbar Vertebrae (5)
Sacrum (5 fused)
Coccygeal Vertebrae (Coccyx-4)

20

Facial Bones

Maxilla (Maxillary Bone) [2]
Palatine (2)
Zygomatic (2)
Lacrimal (2)
Nasal (2)
Inferior Nasal Conchae (2)
Vomer
Mandible

21

What makes up the AXIAL Skeleton?

Skull
Hyoid Bone
Vertebrae
Thoracic Skeleton