Muscular System Vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Muscular System Vocab Deck (50):
1

to move a skeletal part away from the midline

abduct

2

a muscle that stretches a part

tensor

3

to turn the palm of the hand down

pronate

4

having to do with the fingers or toes

digital

5

dense connective tissue on the surface of individual muscles

deep fascia

6

to raise a structure

elevate or levitate

6

pear-shaped

piriformis

6

loin

psoas

7

to straighten a part or open a joint

extend

8

straight

rectus

8

loose connective tissue that underlies the skin and attaches it to the superficial layer of muscles

superficial fascia

8

large, expansive

vastus

9

a chewer

masseter

9

having to do with the chest

pectoral

9

having to do with the thumb

pollicis

10

comblike

pectinate

11

the big toe

hallux

12

individual muscle cell; also used to describe the grossly visible grains or longitudinal lines

fiber

13

located near the fibula in the lateral compartment of the leg

peroneal

14

having to do with the head

capitis

15

having to do with the region of the armpit

axillary

17

a broad, sheetlike region

aponeurosis

18

dense, collagenous connective tissue that attaches muscle to bone

tendon

19

the upper arm

brachium

20

widest

latissimus

22

the middle or the largest part of a muscle

belly

22

the attachment of a muscle to the more movable skeletal part, usually the distal attachment of a muscle

insertion

22

the attachment of a muscle to the less moveable skeletal part, usually the proximal attachment of a muscle

origin

24

having two heads

biceps

25

triangular

deltoid

27

wide

lata

29

to bend a part or to close a joint

flex

30

a muscle whose action is opposite that of another muscle

antagonist

31

the forearm

antebrachium

33

to move a skeletal part nearer the midline

adduct

33

the rump or buttocks

gluteus

34

segmentally arranged multiple points of attachment

slips

36

long and round

teres

37

to turn the palm of the hand upward

supinate

38

the thumb

pollex

39

a division of a muscle

head

40

a restraining band

retinaculum

41

having four heads

quadriceps

42

having to do with structures of the back of the trunk, foot, or hand

dorsi

44

a network

plexus

45

having to do with the big toe

hallucis

46

a muscle that has the primary effect in a particular action

agonist

47

saw-shaped, toothed on the edge

serratus

49

having three heads

triceps

50

having two bellies

digastric