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Flashcards in Chapter 9 Deck (58):
1

the place of contact between bones, between bone and cartilage

joint/articulation

2

where bones are held together by dense regular (fibrous) connective tissue
No joint cavity

fibrous joint

3

where bones are joined by cartilage
no joint cavity

cartilaginous joint

4

fluid filled cavity that separates the cartilage-covered articulating surfaces of the bones

synovial joint

5

immobile joint
fibrous:suture, gomphosis
cartilaginous:synchondrosis

synarthrosis

6

slightly mobile joint
fibrous:syndesmosis
cartilaginous:symphysis

amphiarthrosis

7

freely mobile joint
synovial

diarthrosis

8

periodontal membranes hold tooth to bony jaw.
fibrous joint
synarthrosis

gomphosis

9

dense regular connective tissue connects skull bones
synarthrosis
fibrous

suture

10

dense regular connective tissue fibers between bones
amphiarthrosis

syndesmosis

11

hyaline cartilage between bones
cartilaginous
synathrosis

synchondrosis

12

fibrocartilage pad between bones
amphiarthrosis
cartilaginous

symphysis

13

synovial joints

plane joints, hinge joints, pivot joints (uniaxial)
condylar joint, saddle joint (biaxial)
ball&soocket (multi axial)
Freely movable (diarthrosis)

14

shafts of the two articulating bones are bound side by side by a broad ligamentous sheet

interosseous membrane

15

each synovial joint is composed of a double-layered capsule

articular capsule

16

outer layer of synovial joint

fibrous layer

17

inner layer of synovial joint

synovial membrane

18

all articulating surfaces in a synovial joint are covered by a thin layer of hyaline cartilage

articular cartilage

19

a space that contains a small amount of synovial fluid

joint cavity

20

a fibrous,saclike structure that contains synovial fluid and is lined by a synovial membrane

bursa

21

wraps around tendons where there may be excessive friction

tendon sheath

22

attaches a muscle to a bone, composed of dense regular connective tissue

tendons

23

provide some protection for the joint

fat pads

24

simplest synovial articulation and least mobile type of diarthrosis

plane joint
hand

25

uniaxial joint in which the convex surface of one articulating bone fits into a concave depression on the other bone

hinge joint
humerus and radius

26

uniaxial joint in which one articulating bone with a roundd surface fits into a ring formed by a ligament and another bone

pivot joint
dens on atlas..spine

27

biaxial joints with an oval, convex surface on one bone that articulates with a concave articular surface on another bone

condylar joints
fingers

28

convex and concave regions that resemble the shaw of a saddle

saddle joint
hand

29

multiaxial joints in which the spherical articulating head of one bone fits into the rounded, cup like socket of a second bone

ball and socket
head of femur

30

two opposing articular surfaces slide past each other in almost any directional the amount of movement is slight

gliding motion

31

the angle between articulating bones increases or decreases

angular motion

32

the angle between two bones decreases

flexion

33

the angle between two bones increases

extension

34

extension movement continues past the anatomic position

hyperextension

35

the vertebral column moves (bends) in a lateral direction along a coronal plane

lateral flexion

36

movement of a bone away from the midline

abduction

37

the movement of a bone toward the midline

adduction

38

a continuous movement that combines flexion, abduction, extension, and adduction in succession; the distal end of the limb and digit moves in a circle

circumduction

39

a bone pivots around its own longitudinal axis

rotational motion

40

rotation of the forearm where the palm is turned posteriorly

pronation

41

rotation of the forearm in which the palm is turned anteriorly

supination

42

movement of a body part inferiorly

depression

43

movement of a body part superiorly

elevation

44

ankle joint movement where the dorsum (superior surface) of the foot is brought closer to the anterior surface of the leg

dorsiflexion

45

ankle joint movement whereby the sole of the foot is brought toward the posterior surface of the leg

planter flexion

46

twisting motion of the foot that turns the sole medially or inward

inversion

47

tiwsting motion of the foot that turns the sole laterally or outward

eversion

48

anterior movement of a body part from anatomic position

protraction

49

posterior movement of a body part from anatomic position

retraction

50

special movement of the thumb across the palm toward the fingers permit grasping and holding an object

opposition

51

acromial end of clavicle and acromion of scapula

acromioclavicular joint

52

gleniod cavity of scapula and head of humerus

glenohumeral joint

53

ligaments connecting scapula and clavicle

acromioclavicular ligament, coracoclaicular ligament, and coracoacromial ligament

54

muscles of the rotator cuff

supraspinatus
infraspinatus
teres minor
suscapularis

55

overstretching or tearing of ligaments around a joint

sprain

56

inflammation of a joint

arthritis

57

inflammation of a joint resulting from breakdown of articular cartilage

osteoarthristis

58

inflammation of joint due to attack on synovial components by immune system

rheumatoid arthristis