Flashcards in Basic Anatomy and Physiology (8.8) Deck (41):
the study of structure
the study of function
the basic unit of life
these are composed from cells with common structure and function (4 types in most animals)
this tissue forms protective coverings of structures such as organs, cavities, and skin. They act as a barrier for various molecules. This tissue relies heavily on the cell junctions to function.
this tissue is for binding together and supporting the other tissues of the body
What are the 6 types of connective tissue?
Loose connective tissue, adipose tissue, fibrous connective tissue, cartilage, bone, blood tissue
this is the most abundant connective tissue. It basically acts as "filler material"
loose connective tissue
fat cells, these are for: insulation, E storage, and padding
these are composed of dense collagenous fibers
fibrous connective tissue
type of fibrous connective tissue that is for connecting bone to bone
type of fibrous connective tissue for connecting bone with muscle
this is a flexible support material. This is the initial framework for making bone
Osteo Tissues, this is made from cartilage that has undergone ossification
the process of making bone
this tissue connects the whole organism transporting genes, nutrients, wastes
type of blood tissue, the watery component containing dissolved substances
type of blood tissue, the cellular components- RBC's, WBC's, and platlets
this tissue senses stimuli and relay messages
the basic structure of nervous tissue
this part of the cell receives stimulus from the environment or another cell (neuron)
this part collects and bundles the stimuli into one message (contains the organelles) (neuron)
this part takes the information away from the body toward the brain/muscle/gland. (neuron)
this tissue provides a pulling force within the body
cells of the muscle tissue are referred to as _______ ______ due to their long spindly shape.
Muscle fibers are composed of _______ and ______ __________.
actin, myosin microfibrils
Muscle tissue is the second largest consumer of ______ in animals. (first is homeostasis)
The three types of muscle tissue
skeletal, cardiac, and smooth
this is striated (stripped) muscle. It is voluntary meaning you can control it
this is striated muscle. It is involuntary meaning the brain controls it, not you.
this is unstriated muscle. It is involuntary and it functions in peristalsis
rhythmic contraction of the digestive tract or in moving blood through blood vessels
this functional structure is a collection of similar tissues working together
The two cavities organs are positioned in
thoracic cavity, abdominal cavity
this is above the diaphragm. It contains the heart and lungs and is protected by ribs
this is below the diaphragm. It contains the digestive, urinary, and reproductive organs
these are composed of organs working together (there are 11 systems in animals)