Basic Geography A Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Basic Geography A Deck (39):
1

Absolute location

exact position on Earth in terms of longitude and latitude

2

Aerial photograph

photographic image of Earth’s surface taken from the air

3

Agriculture

the raising of plants and animals

4

Altitude

height above sea level

5

Arable land

land that can be used for farming

6

Archaeology

scientific study of ancient cultures through the examination of artifacts and other evidence

7

Archipelago

group of islands

8

Arid climate

very dry desert climate

9

Atmosphere

thick layer of gases or air

10

Axis

imaginary line running through Earth between the North and South Pole

11

Abolish

To put an end to

12

Aborigines

The original inhabitants of Australia

13

absolutism

Centralized and unlimited government power

14

Acid rain

Rain, snow, or mist that is acidic

15

African national Congress

South African organization that worked for black civil rights

16

African Union

Organization formed in 2002 to promote unity among African states and to foster development and end poverty

17

AIDS

Often deadly disease that attacks the immune system and is caused by the HIV virus

18

Akin

Traditional storyteller Kyrgyzstan

19

Alawite

The person who follows a form of Islam similar to Shia Islam

20

Altitude

Height above sea level

21

Antarctic Treaty

Agreement signed by 12 countries in 1959 that preserves Antarctica for peaceful and scientific use

22

Anthropology

The study of humankind in all aspects especially development and culture

23

Anti-Semitism

Discrimination against Jews

24

Apartheid

Official South African government policy of keeping white and black south Africans apart

25

Aqueduct

Channel that moves water over a long distance

26

Aquifer

An underground layer where water collects

27

Architect

Person who designs buildings

28

Architecture

The design and construction of buildings

29

Armenian genocide

The killing of Armenians in the Ottoman Empire in 1915 to 1918

30

Artifact

Objects made by human being

31

ASEAN

Association of South East Asian Nations, an organization working to promote growth and social progress in southeast Asia

32

Assimilation

Process by which one group takes on traits of another

33

Ataturk

Name taken by Mustafa Kemal, the founder of modern Turkey, meaning "Father of the Turks"

34

Atlantic slave trade

Process by which Europeans brought enslaved Africans to the Americas

35

Atoll

A ring shaped Island enclosed by a body of water

36

Authoritarian

A government in which all powers held by single person or small group

37

Autocracy

Government controlled by one person who has not won a free election

38

Autonomy

Self rule

39

Ayatollah

Title for high-ranking Shia Muslim leaders in Iran