Basic Geography C2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Basic Geography C2 Deck (25):
1

Comparative advantage

ability of one person or country to produce a good at a lower cost than another

2

compass rose

diagram of a compass showing direction

3

competition

struggle among producers for consumer's money

4

Confucianism

a belief system based o the ideas of the Chinese thinker Confucius

5

coniferous tree

tree that produces cones to carry seeds

6

consensus

agreement

7

constitution

system of basic rules and principles by which a government is organized

8

constitutional monarchy

system of government in which the laws in the constitution limit the monarch's or emperor's powers

9

consumer

person or business that buys, or consumes, products

10

conventional war

a war that does not involve nuclear, chemical, or biological weapons

11

Copts

minority group in Egypt that practices Christianity

12

coral reef

a formation of rock like material made up of the skeletons of tiny marine creatures

13

core

sphere of very hot metal at the center of the Earth

14

corruption

use of power for personal gain

15

coup

sudden violent overthrow of a government, often by the military

16

cradle-to-grave system

system of basic services provided to citizens at every stage of life by Scandinavian governments

17

credit

arrangements in which a buyer can purchase something and pay for it over time

18

Crusades

religious wars in which Christian soldiers from Europe aimed to stop the spread of Islam and to retake control of Palestine, also called the Holy Land

19

crust

thin layer of rocks and minerals that surrounds Earth's mantle

20

cuisint

style of food

21

cultural borrowing

absorbing ideas or customs from other cultures

22

cultural diffusion

spread of cultural traits from one culture to another

23

cultural hearth

place where cultural traits begin and from which they spread to surrounding cultures and regions

24

cultural landscape

geographic area that has been shaped by people

25

Cultural Revolution

violent attempt at cultural change in China begun by Mao Zedong in the 1960's