beef production lec 11 and 12 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in beef production lec 11 and 12 Deck (50):
1

what is profit

revenue - cost

2

how long does a bull last

2-3 years

3

what are overheads

• electricity, rates
• costs that will continue regardless of production

4

what are the 4 main costs in production

pasture, animal, fixed and loans (rent, depreciation)

5

what is market compliance

 market compliance
• identify most profitable markets

6

how do you increase profit

 want to increase kg/yr and price

7

what is the biggest driver of profitability

 SR biggest drive of profitability
• match SR to feed supply

8

how does soil moisture limit production

• soil moisture
o rainfall
o limits feed supply

9

what is CoP

 Cost of Production
• cost to produce 1 kg
• ideally around $1

10

what are 7 managements that affect profit

CoP
SR
fertility
herd structure
production system
nutrition
genetics

11

how does SR impact profit

 Stocking rate
• many producers understocked (all/some of year)
• individual animal performance
o increase production/ha not /animal

12

how does herd structure impact profit

 Herd Structure
• genetic rate of change with younger herd
• influence on fertility

13

how does production system impact profit

 Production system – time of calving
• autumn calving has a higher SR

14

how does nutrition management impact profit

 Nutrition management
• avoid sup feeding=cost

15

define SR

- number of livestock on a paddock or a whole farm
- number of a particular type of animal per unit area.
o usually (DSE) per hectare (ha) or cattle per unit area

16

what is the DSE of a weaner

approx 6

17

what is the DSE of a yearling

8

18

what is the DSE of a dry cow

7

19

what is the DSE of a preg cow last 4 months

9

20

what is the DSE of a cow with a 0-3 month old and 4-6 month old calf

15 and 17

21

what is the top producers SR for mid winter

12 DSE/ha

22

how much can be produced per 100mm rain

top producers 43kg/ha/100mm rain
average can produce 31kg/ha/100mm rain

23

what is RoC

- return on capital
for how much they have spent how much are you making off it
- aim 6%

24

what is the target for pregnancy rate

- Target 96% pregnancy
o 90% good

25

what is the target for calving span

- Tight calving span and concentrated pattern (9wks max, with 60% in first 3wks)

26

when should a heifer calve

2 years

27

what is the impact of pregnancy rate on calves

o lower PR= more late calvers
o high PR= more calves born from first cycle

28

what is the impact of calving date on profit

- calving date
o lower calving interval = increased weight of calf
o late cow is consistently late

29

what is the negatives of having an older herd structure

- Older cows generally:
o Poor average growth rates
o younger herds are changing in value rapidly- better genetics
o increased risk of health problems
 higher risk of grass tetany

30

what is the target herd structure

- Target
o Max 4-6yrs Old cows, cull older
o Use cull cows as source of income rather than heifers.

31

what are the targets of a production system

- Match pasture growth/quality with animal requirements
- Peak pasture production = lactation/joining/calf growth

MATCH SUPPLY AND DEMAND

32

what is the affect of the age of the animal at sale

- Affects herd structure and SR
o Requirements for rapid growth per animal will mean less animals
- Keeping sale animals to heavier weights, generally is more profitable
o if utilising available feed

33

how does nutritional management affect profit

- Influences income
o Sale stock – price discounts for not meeting market specs
o Replacement stock – heifers not meeting CMW
- Costs
o Supplementary feeding only when a profit
o Set nutrition/animal condition targets

34

how does genetics impact profit

Genetics
- Sets the production limits.
- Buy GOOD BULLS
o Use EBV’s
- Cross-breeding
o Growth + fertility + whole of life gains in breeding herd

35

what are the top producers CoP

- Top 20% of producers
o relatively low CoP
o Spend more on fixed costs, pasture improvement, less on supplementary feeding

36

what is the difference between economics of scale and SR

- Economy of scale important BUT increasing stocking rates will spread costs over more production units

37

where can the greatest profit be achieved

- profit when CoP decreases AND productivity increases
o can’t just chase one
o increased labour efficiency significant potential to decrease CoP

38

what BCS will cows be in mid winter to achieve optimal SR

- Increase stocking rate until cow condition mid-winter = 2.5

39

what impacts on $/kg

buyers and market demand

40

what impacts on the weight at sale

age and growth rate

41

what impacts on growth rate

health, genetics, pasture growth, pasture utilisation

42

how is pasture utilisation determined

SR and pasture energy intake

43

what impacts on SR

location, soil fertility
plant species
soil moisture

44

what impacts the number of cattle sold

calves weaned and cattle

45

what impacts on calves weaned

calves produced, number joined

46

what impacts the number of calves produced

fertility of bull and cow, calf survival, dystocia

47

what impacts fertility

BCS, BSE, health

48

what are the 2 major impacts on no. of females joined

quantity and quality of breeders
no of breeding females

49

what impacts on quantity and quality of breeders

culling rate
joining period
age of weaning

50

what impacts on no of breeding females

pasture budget
calving date
target markets