Discriminative stimulus for unavailability of positive punishment
An environmental change in which a stimulus is added (presented) or magnified following a response, that decreases the future frequency of that response
A stimulus that follows, that is, occurs after a response
An environmental change that follows a response and increases or maintains the future frequency of that behavior
The process by which a previously reinforced behavior is weakened by withholding reinforcement
An environmental change in which a stimulus is subtracted (withdrawn or removed) or attenuated following a response, and which increases or maintains the future frequency of that behavior
An environmental variable that alters the reinforcing or punishing effectiveness of some stimulus, object, or event; and alters the current frequency of all behavior that has been reinforced or punished by that stimulus, object or event.
A stimulus that initially has no innate reinforcing properties, but acquires reinforcing properties through pairing with unconditioned reinforcers or powerful conditioned reinforcers
The total constellation of stimuli and conditions which can affect behavior
A grouping of individual actions or responses that share those commonalities included in the class definition
A temporary increase in some dimension or intensity of a reflex response due to repeated presentations of an eliciting stimulus (usually aversive).
When differential reinforcement consists of reinforcing a response when certain stimuli are present and not reinforcing the same response when those stimuli are not present.
A discrimination in which reinforcing a response is contingent (conditional) on another stimulus
Reinforcing only those responses within a response class that meet a specific criterion along some dimension(s) and placing all other responses in the class on extinction.
A stimulus which precedes, that is, occurs before a response
SD for SR
Discriminative stimulus for reinforcement
Conditioned positive punishment
Unconditioned negative punishment
To strongly, consistently and reliably evoke; used exclusively for respondent functional relations
Continually question the truthfulness of what is regarded as fact
No clear warning stimulus, but a response can still delay or prevent the occurrence of the aversive event.
Behavior is modified by its consequences irrespective of the person's awareness
Consist of the situation (set of circumstances) in which behavior occurs at any given time
Discriminative stimulus for punishment; abates behavior because in the past that behavior has been punished in its presence
SDP for SP
When the frequency, latency, duration or amplitude of a behavior is altered by the presence or absence of an antecedent stimulus.
The onset of the CS must come first, before the onset of the US; 1-2 second delay; very effective
Short delay conditioning
Discriminative stimulus for positive punishment
A stimulus that, usually, is reinforcing without any prior learning; that is, its effect is due to phylogenic provenance
A decrease in the momentary frequency of a response class
Effect of consequences on discriminative stimuli