BEHP 5011, Units 1-5 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in BEHP 5011, Units 1-5 Deck (172)
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1

Discriminative stimulus for unavailability of positive punishment

S-delta P+

2

An environmental change in which a stimulus is added (presented) or magnified following a response, that decreases the future frequency of that response

Positive Punishment

3

A stimulus that follows, that is, occurs after a response

Consequence

4

An environmental change that follows a response and increases or maintains the future frequency of that behavior

Reinforcement

5

The process by which a previously reinforced behavior is weakened by withholding reinforcement

Operant extinction

6

An environmental change in which a stimulus is subtracted (withdrawn or removed) or attenuated following a response, and which increases or maintains the future frequency of that behavior

Negative reinforcement

7

An environmental variable that alters the reinforcing or punishing effectiveness of some stimulus, object, or event; and alters the current frequency of all behavior that has been reinforced or punished by that stimulus, object or event.

Motivating operation

8

A stimulus that initially has no innate reinforcing properties, but acquires reinforcing properties through pairing with unconditioned reinforcers or powerful conditioned reinforcers

Conditioned reinforcer

9

The total constellation of stimuli and conditions which can affect behavior

Environment

10

A grouping of individual actions or responses that share those commonalities included in the class definition

Response class

11

A temporary increase in some dimension or intensity of a reflex response due to repeated presentations of an eliciting stimulus (usually aversive).

Potentiation

12

When differential reinforcement consists of reinforcing a response when certain stimuli are present and not reinforcing the same response when those stimuli are not present.

Discrimination

13

A discrimination in which reinforcing a response is contingent (conditional) on another stimulus

Conditional discrimination

14

Reinforcing only those responses within a response class that meet a specific criterion along some dimension(s) and placing all other responses in the class on extinction.

Differential reinforcement

15

A stimulus which precedes, that is, occurs before a response

Antecedent

16

SD for SR

Discriminative stimulus for reinforcement

17

Sp+

Conditioned positive punishment

18

SP-

Unconditioned negative punishment

19

To strongly, consistently and reliably evoke; used exclusively for respondent functional relations

Elicit

20

Continually question the truthfulness of what is regarded as fact

Philosophical doubt

21

No clear warning stimulus, but a response can still delay or prevent the occurrence of the aversive event.

Unsignaled avoidance

22

Behavior is modified by its consequences irrespective of the person's awareness

Automaticity

23

Consist of the situation (set of circumstances) in which behavior occurs at any given time

Environmental context

24

Discriminative stimulus for punishment; abates behavior because in the past that behavior has been punished in its presence

SDP for SP

25

When the frequency, latency, duration or amplitude of a behavior is altered by the presence or absence of an antecedent stimulus.

Stimulus control

26

The onset of the CS must come first, before the onset of the US; 1-2 second delay; very effective

Short delay conditioning

27

SDP+

Discriminative stimulus for positive punishment

28

A stimulus that, usually, is reinforcing without any prior learning; that is, its effect is due to phylogenic provenance

Unconditioned reinforcer

29

A decrease in the momentary frequency of a response class

Abative effect

30

Effect of consequences on discriminative stimuli

Function-altering