BEHP 5013, Units 1-3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in BEHP 5013, Units 1-3 Deck (164)
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1

Target stimuli placed closer to the student

Position cue

2

Antecedent stimulus correlated with the availability of reinforcement. Stimulus that should, after teaching, evoke the correct or an appropriate response.

Discriminative stimulus (Sd)

3

The parts of items and descriptions of items

Features

4

These schedules produce higher rates of responding

Ratio schedules

5

Name the 3 stages of learning

Acquisition stage, Fluency stage, Application stage

6

Behavior that occurs more often in the presence of a Sd than in its absence is...

Under stimulus control

7

Discrimination training results in:

Stimulus control

8

Instruction system which focuses on learner performances as a means to assess interventions as the frequency of responses are tracked and charted on a standardized chart

Precision teaching

9

Name 2 effective behavioral approaches to measuring education

Direct instruction
U of Kansas behaviora analysis program

10

Teaching procedures which lead to adduction

Generative instruction

11

Who originated the metaphor of behavioral momentum?

Nevin

12

Total number of school days and hours

Available time

13

Modeling and physical guidance are both:

Response prompts

14

A technique used to gradually transfer stimulus control from supplementary antecedent stimuli (prompts) to naturally occurring EOs or Sds

Fading

15

Using differential reinforcement to produce a series of gradual changing response classes. Reinforcement is provided when closer approximations to the correct response occur

Shaping

16

Name two reasons for selecting a target behavior

1. Helps individual achieve outcomes
2. Behavior deficit makes the individual too dependent on others

17

An Sd acquires its controlling function through association with ...

Stimulus changes that occur immediately following behavior

18

After learning that A=B and B=C, the learner demonstrates that A=C without direct training on that relationship

Transitivity

19

A response in the presence of an ____ must produce more frequent reinforcement than it does in its absence

Sd

20

Consequence delivered after every response; typically used to build or strengthen a skill

Continuous (FR1) schedules

21

Prompts which operate directly on the antecedent task stimuli to cue a correct response in conjunction with the critical Sd

Stimulus prompts

22

Programmed instruction was developed by _____

Skinner

23

Which instructional technology is self-paced and presents frames of information, using branching and looping?

Programmed instruction

24

Direct instruction was developed by _____

Engelmann

25

A situation in which the presence or absence of an antecedent stimulus alters the frequency, latency, duration or amplitude of a behavior.

Stimulus control

26

Most-to-least prompts, graduated guidance, and least-to-most prompts occur as ____ to gradual changes in the response evoked by the natural stimulus.

Consequences

27

Which instructional technology requires 100% mastery?

PSI

28

Which instructional technology is used in colleges and military, with student aides as proctors?

PSI

29

Only one antecedent (Sd or S-delta) is presented to the learner in a given trial in:

Successive discrimination training

30

One or more stimulus/response dimensions paired with correct choice

Redundancy of antecedent stimuli