BEHP 5013, Units 7-9 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in BEHP 5013, Units 7-9 Deck (170)
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1

The effect of a stimulus on a specific response may be learned, due to the experiential history of the individual organism in the environment

Ontogenic provenance

2

Good goals are:
- _____ but _____
- under _____ ______
- _____

- difficult but achievable
- under performer control
- specific

3

The operational definition of treatment conditions (IV) should be (4)

clear, concise, unambiguous, objective

4

List 7 types of antecedent-based interventions for staff

- job description
- supervisor presence
- job aids
- task clarification
- checklists
- task analysis of a job duty
- placing the tasks in order of occurrence

5

List 4 situations to consider using group contingencies

- group of persons share the same problem
- unrealistic to set up individual programs
- difficult to identify the person responsible for x behavior
- singling out one person to reward may cause problems with peers

6

BARS stands for:

Behaviorally Anchored Rating Scale

7

Other individuals who benefit from behavior change in clients

indirect consumers

8

List 3 questions to ask when designing a token economy:
1. What do you want the individual to ___?
2. What kind of _____ will you use?
3. What will help _____ the individual?

do, token, motivate

9

Members cannot predict which group members, target behaviors, settings and/or times on which the reward will be contingent. Can be used with independent, dependent or interdependent group contingencies. Can be a powerful strategy for promoting generalization and maintenance.

Indiscriminable group contingencies

10

How many tokens are needed before the individual can exchange

Exchange ratio and system

11

Increase performance monitoring when:

Data is being collected on a vital skill or dangerous problem behavior
New plan is implemented
Problems are noticed

12

State the advantage of using a group average during a group contingency

Group members may continue to work hard to meet criterion even when they see peers failing to meet the criterion

13

A behavior is functional only to the extent that it ...

produces reinforcement for the learner

(Bx not followed by reinforcers on at least some occasions will not be maintained)

14

How much something costs

cost

15

List 5 strategies to reduce reactivity:

Monitor _____
Self-_____
Monitor _____
_____ monitoring
Use reactivity to your _____

frequently
monitoring
results
covert
advantage

16

A nontechnical term for behavior that has come under the control of a stimulus class that is too broad. That is, the learner emits the target behavior in the presence of stimuli that, although similar in some way to the instructional examples, are inappropriate occasions for the behavior.

Overgeneralization

17

Highly preferred backup reinforcers (in a token economy) function as an _____ _____ for _____ _____
They _____ the _____ of tokens as reinforcement
_______ backup reinforcers function as an _____ _____

- establishing operation for positive reinforcement
- increase, effectiveness
- non-preferred, abolishing operation

18

The management of an individual employee or group of employees through the application of behavior principles

Performance management

19

Job aids can be used when ...

formal retraining is not warranted

20

List 5 components of the DeRisi contracting model:

1. Date contract begins and ends
2. Behavior
3. Amount and kind of reward
4. Signatures of all involved
5. Schedule for review of progress

21

An effective teacher has students ____ targeted skills in different ____ and with different ____, ____, and _____ before concluding with confidence that the student has acquired and generalized a skill

perform
settings, instructors, cues, materials

22

A rule specifies a _____

contingency

23

Steps for setting goals:
- Set the goal and ....
- Obtain _____ _____ for the goal
- Consider _____ if significant improvement is required

- mark it on the graph
- employee input
- sub-goals

24

Any place or stimulus situation that differs in some meaningful way (not necessarily location) from the instructional setting and in which performance of the target behavior is desired

Generalization setting

25

What is left after a behavior (OBM term)

Results

26

The changes in behavior of untreated persons as a function of the treatment contingencies that are applied to the client

Generalization across participants

27

The individuals we are paid to serve (clients)

direct consumers

28

To field test a token system ....

covertly record when tokens would have been delivered

29

The extent to which performance of the target behavior is improved in environments different than the original training environment

Stimulus generality

30

Causes a researcher to administer the IV in such a way that it enjoys an unfair advantage over the baseline or comparative conditions

Experimenter bias