Flashcards in BEHP 5012, Units 1-5 Deck (146)
Decrease the effectiveness of a stimulus as a reinforcer and abate behavior which is maintained by the reinforcer whose value has been lowered (decreased)
EO related to negative reinforcement
A decrease in the momentary frequency of behavior
The degree to which an intervention is implemented as described/designated
Any point within the plane of the chart represents a specific relationship between the two variables (dimensions) measured along each of the axis lines
Simple line graph
List 4 considerations in visual analysis of a graph
Number of data points
Similar to event recording of a restricted or discriminated operant which has been converted to a percent
Baseline is collected on two behaviors; one treatment is implemented for each behavior; in the next phase, treatments are reversed
Vertical axis, represents the range of values of the dependent variable
A mathematical way to calculate trend
Split middle line of progress
List the steps of a preliminary assessment
1. Determine who ...
2. Determine whether ...
3. Complete ...
4. Review ...
5. Meet ...
1. Determine who has the authority to give consent for services
2. Determine whether or not you have
the permission, skills, time, and resources to begin assessment
3. Complete intake paperwork or the equivalent (may be done by clerk)
4. Review records and available data
5. Meet client and begin observations
A response terminates a warning stimulus
The repeated and systematic presentation and removal of a treatment and measurement of behavior while holding other factors constant
Major change in the independent variable or a major (usually permanent) change in the environment.
The overall direction taken by the data path through a set of data points
A systematic form of data examination, characterized by visual inspection of graphical displays of those data.
Visual data analysis
A discontinuous response measure in which a recording session is broken into short intervals of time; occurrence is recorded if a response happens during any part of the interval
Partial interval recording
The direction and degree of trend in a series of graphically displayed data points can be visually represented with a straight line drawn through the data
Primarily used in EAB; each response moves the ink stylus one unit (click) along its track. When it reaches the end of the track, it resets to zero and begins moving again, one click at a time. Paper moves under the stylus at a steady rate
Characteristics of a good response definition
Objective, clear, complete
List 4 strategies for minimizing threats to validity
Amount of time a target behavior occupies (episode or response)
Duration per occurrence
List the steps of event recording
1. Record time observation began
2. Count the responses
3. Record time observation ended
4. Divide: Count/unit of time
5. Report as rate per unit of time
A discontinuous response measure in which a recording session is broken into short intervals of times; occurrence is recorded if the behavior occurs for the whole interval
Whole interval recording
A conditioned aversive stimulus whose presence is correlated with the upcoming onset of an unconditioned aversive stimulus
An individually measured value of the target behavior (the DV) at a given point in time
The consistency of measurement
Bisect the data, with close to an equal number of data points above the line as below the line
Best fit line
Assessment of the DV prior to the introduction or change of the IV