BEHP 5012, Units 1-5 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in BEHP 5012, Units 1-5 Deck (146)
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1

Decrease the effectiveness of a stimulus as a reinforcer and abate behavior which is maintained by the reinforcer whose value has been lowered (decreased)

Transitive CAO

2

EO related to negative reinforcement

EO SR-

3

A decrease in the momentary frequency of behavior

Abative effect

4

The degree to which an intervention is implemented as described/designated

IV integrity

5

Any point within the plane of the chart represents a specific relationship between the two variables (dimensions) measured along each of the axis lines

Simple line graph

6

List 4 considerations in visual analysis of a graph

Level
Variability
Trend
Number of data points

7

Similar to event recording of a restricted or discriminated operant which has been converted to a percent

Percent occurrence

8

Baseline is collected on two behaviors; one treatment is implemented for each behavior; in the next phase, treatments are reversed

Reversal design

9

Vertical axis, represents the range of values of the dependent variable

Y-axis

10

A mathematical way to calculate trend

Split middle line of progress

11

List the steps of a preliminary assessment

1. Determine who ...
2. Determine whether ...
3. Complete ...
4. Review ...
5. Meet ...
6.

1. Determine who has the authority to give consent for services
2. Determine whether or not you have
the permission, skills, time, and resources to begin assessment
3. Complete intake paperwork or the equivalent (may be done by clerk)
4. Review records and available data
5. Meet client and begin observations
6. Document

12

A response terminates a warning stimulus

Signaled avoidance

13

The repeated and systematic presentation and removal of a treatment and measurement of behavior while holding other factors constant

Single-Case Designs

14

Major change in the independent variable or a major (usually permanent) change in the environment.

Phase change

15

The overall direction taken by the data path through a set of data points

Trend

16

A systematic form of data examination, characterized by visual inspection of graphical displays of those data.

Visual data analysis

17

A discontinuous response measure in which a recording session is broken into short intervals of time; occurrence is recorded if a response happens during any part of the interval

Partial interval recording

18

The direction and degree of trend in a series of graphically displayed data points can be visually represented with a straight line drawn through the data

Trend lines

19

Primarily used in EAB; each response moves the ink stylus one unit (click) along its track. When it reaches the end of the track, it resets to zero and begins moving again, one click at a time. Paper moves under the stylus at a steady rate

Cumulative recorder

20

Characteristics of a good response definition

Objective, clear, complete

21

List 4 strategies for minimizing threats to validity

Measurement
Stability
Immediacy
Replication

22

Amount of time a target behavior occupies (episode or response)

Duration per occurrence

23

List the steps of event recording

1. Record time observation began
2. Count the responses
3. Record time observation ended
4. Divide: Count/unit of time
5. Report as rate per unit of time

24

A discontinuous response measure in which a recording session is broken into short intervals of times; occurrence is recorded if the behavior occurs for the whole interval

Whole interval recording

25

A conditioned aversive stimulus whose presence is correlated with the upcoming onset of an unconditioned aversive stimulus

Warning stimulus

26

An individually measured value of the target behavior (the DV) at a given point in time

Data point

27

The consistency of measurement

Reliability

28

Bisect the data, with close to an equal number of data points above the line as below the line

Best fit line

29

Assessment of the DV prior to the introduction or change of the IV

Baseline

30

Equal movements represent equal increases in the behavior. The behavior should be expressed in whole time units.

Y-axis units