BEHP 5012, Units 6-9 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in BEHP 5012, Units 6-9 Deck (81)
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1

Preference assessment in which stimuli are presented in pairs

Paired stimulus preference assessment

2

List 7 purposes of behavioral assessment:

- determine if a _____ with _____ _____
- describe _____ and the _____
- determine _____ _____ between behavior and the environment
- provide information needed to develop _____ _____
- monitor _____ _____
- evaluate _____ _____
- evaluate _____ and _____

Determine if a problem with behavior exists
Describe behavior and the environment
Determine functional relations between behavior and the environment
Provide information needed to develop behavior plans
Monitor program implementation
Evaluate treatment effectiveness
Evaluate maintenance and generalization

3

Preference assessment in which all stimuli are available for the entire session. Subject is free to interact with as many or as few stimuli as they want. No stimuli are removed during the assessment.

Free operant preference assessment

4

Functional assessment is AKA ...

Functional behavior assessment (FBA)

5

An uncontrolled factor known or suspected to exert influence on the DV

Confound

6

The first functional analysis research was published by ...

Lovaas, 1965

7

Indirect (informant-based) PA

Interview or questionnaire

8

Duration based assessment designed to determine the extent to which stimuli displace problem behavior.

Competing stimulus assessment

9

Descriptive assessment is AKA ...

Direct descriptive functional assessment

10

Concluding that the IV has not produced a change in the DV when in fact it has

Type II error

11

FA design in which one condition is run at a time; less common because of amount of time required

Reversal design

12

Preference assessment in which all stimuli are presented on the first trial, and selected stimuli are removed on subsequent trials.

Multiple stimulus without replacement (MSWO)

13

Treatment phase is divided into subphases, each involving a different behavioral criterion (i.e., different value of the IV). Criterion in each subphase more closely resembles the terminal behavioral goal.

Changing Criterion Design

14

Systematically withdrawing treatment components to see if behavior change is maintained

Component analyses / sequential withdrawal

15

The effects on a person's behavior in one condition can be influenced by the subject's experience in a prior condition

Sequence effects

16

Used to clarify unclear selection-based preference assessment results

Duration-based assessments

17

List 3 indirect assessment methods:

Record review
Interview
Paper-and-pencil questionnaires

18

The "standard" FA was designed by ...

Iwata et al. 1982

19

How much effort is needed for reinforcement to be earned (compared to other behavior which might earn the same thing)

Efficiency of behavior

20

Name 2 basic features of FA:

Direct observation
Measurement of behavior under test and control conditions

21

Functional analysis is AKA ...

Experimental analysis

22

List 4 steps during an interview:

Ask open-ended questions
Ask follow-up questions
Acknowledge responses
Write notes or use recorder

23

This preference assessment identifies the greatest quantity of possible reinforcers

Single stimulus PA

24

Naturalistic direct observation PA

Observation of daily activities (relies on Premack principle)

25

Concluding that the IV has produced a change in the DV when in fact the relation does not exist

Type I error

26

A type of behavioral assessment used to determine functional relations between challenging behavior and environmental events

Functional assessment

27

A study by Worsdell et al., 2000 determined that _____ was necessary to consistently evoke problem behavior during FA.

a contingency (consequence manipulation)

28

This preference assessment is most effective for identifying one highly preferred stimulus

Multiple Stimulus With Replacement (MSW)

29

This preference assessment results in a clear preference hierarchy

MSWO

30

List 3 general ways to conduct preference assessments

Indirect (informant-based)
Naturalistic, direct observation
Reinforcer sampling (empirical)