Biological Dispositions in Learning Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Biological Dispositions in Learning Deck (10):
1

Define activity anorexia.

An abnormally high level of activity and low level of food intake generated by exposure to a restricted schedule of feeding.

2

What is adjunctive behaviour?

An excessive pattern of behaviour that emerges as a byproduct of an intermittent schedule of reinforcement for some other behaviour.

3

Define autoshaping.

A type of sign tracking where a pigeon comes to automatically peck at a response key because the key light has been associated with the response-independent delivery of food.

4

Explain behaviour systems theory.

A theory proposing that an animal's behaviour is organised into certain systems or categories, with each category containing a set of relevant responses that can become activated in certain situations.

5

Define CS-US relevance.

An innate tendency to easily associate certain types of stimuli with each other.

6

What is a displacement activity?

Any apparently irrelevant activity sometimes displayed by animals when confronted by conflict or thwarted from attaining a goal.

7

Explain instinctive drift.

An instance of classical conditioning in which a genetically based, fixed action pattern gradually emerges and displaces a behaviour that is being operantly conditioned.

8

What is preparedness?

An innate tendency for an organism to more easily learn certain types of behaviours or to associate certain types of events with each other.

9

What is sign tracking?

A type of elicited behaviour where an organism approaches a stimulus that signals the presentation of an appetitive event.

10

Explain taste aversion conditioning.

A form of classical conditioning where a food item that has been paired with gastrointestinal illness becomes a conditioned aversive stimulus.