Flashcards in Observational Learning and Rule-Governed Behaviour Deck (12):
What is a contagious behaviour?
An instinctive or reflexive behaviour triggered by the occurrence of the same behaviour in another individual.
Define generalised imitation.
The tendency to imitate a new modeled behaviour in the absence of any specific reinforcement for doing so.
Define observational learning.
The behaviour of a model is witnessed by an observer, changing the observer's behaviour.
Explain the personal process rule.
A personal rule that indicates the specific process by which a task is to be accomplished.
Give another name for the personal process rule.
What is a personal rule (or self-instruction)?
A verbal description of a contingency that we present to ourselves to influence our behaviour.
A verbal description of a contingency.
What is rule-governed behaviour?
Behaviour that has been generated through exposure to rules.
What is say-do correspondence?
A close match between what we say we are going to do and what we actually do at a later time.
What is stimulus enhancement?
Directing attention to a particular place or object, making it more likely that the observer will approach that place or object.
Define true imitation.
Duplicating a novel behaviour (or sequence of behaviours) to achieve a specific goal.