Observational Learning and Rule-Governed Behaviour Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Observational Learning and Rule-Governed Behaviour Deck (12):
1

What is a contagious behaviour?

An instinctive or reflexive behaviour triggered by the occurrence of the same behaviour in another individual.

2

Define generalised imitation.

The tendency to imitate a new modeled behaviour in the absence of any specific reinforcement for doing so.

3

Define observational learning.

The behaviour of a model is witnessed by an observer, changing the observer's behaviour.

4

Explain the personal process rule.

A personal rule that indicates the specific process by which a task is to be accomplished.

5

Give another name for the personal process rule.

Implementation intention.

6

What is a personal rule (or self-instruction)?

A verbal description of a contingency that we present to ourselves to influence our behaviour.

7

Define rule.

A verbal description of a contingency.

8

What is rule-governed behaviour?

Behaviour that has been generated through exposure to rules.

9

What is say-do correspondence?

A close match between what we say we are going to do and what we actually do at a later time.

10

What is stimulus enhancement?

Directing attention to a particular place or object, making it more likely that the observer will approach that place or object.

11

Define true imitation.

Duplicating a novel behaviour (or sequence of behaviours) to achieve a specific goal.

12

What is a vicarious emotional response?

A classically conditioned emotional response resulting from seeing that emotional response exhibited by others.