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Flashcards in Blackboard Quiz Questions Deck (79)
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1

Which of the following is a side effect of local injection of corticosteroids?

Accelerated joint destruction

2

Which of the following is not a sign of withdrawal from excessive alcohol consumption?

Dry skin

3


What is the single most important tool in screening for medical disease?

The client interview

4


What vital sign does Dr. James Cyriax recommend all therapists take in any client with back pain of unknown origin?

Temperature

5

What is the most common primary risk factor for disease, illness, and comorbidities?

Age

6

The therapist begins an evaluation in a patient who is indicating he or she is taking psychotropic medications. What physical symptoms should the therapist look for during the evaluation?

Postural orthostatic hypotension

7


There are several signs that might give a clue to the therapist that a client is functionally illiterate. Which of the following is not one of these signs?

Circling yes on all questions throughout the personal history

8


Which of the following groups is most likely to exhibit osteoporosis?

White Women

9


What is the last life cycle of a woman?

Post-menopausal

10


What communication technique should a physical therapist use when beginning a client interview?

Open-ended questions

11

Which of the following is a quick three-question screening tool for domestic abuse?

Partner violence screen

12

n children younger than 18 months old, fractures of which bones are more likely to be associated with abuse rather than accidental trauma?

Ribs

13

Alcohol falls under which of the following categories of abused substances?

Depressants

14

Which of the following is not a side effect of long-term use of steroids?

Excessive sweating

15

Which of the following is not a sign or symptom of eating disorders?

Inability to tolerate heat

16

The patient who has an increase in pain after taking nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) should be screened for which medical disorder?

Peptic ulcer

17

Visceral diseases of the abdomen and pelvis are likely to refer pain where?

To the back

18

Joint pain accompanied by what other condition could be a sign of sexually transmitted diseases?

Skin lesions of the joint

19

Painful symptoms that start 3 to 5 minutes after initiating activity and then go away when the client stops suggest pain from what structures?

Vascular origin

20

When a child is born with an abnormal ear, what part of the body should be examined first for similar dysfunction?

Ipsilateral kidney

21


Cardiac pain can occur in any structure innervated by ______________ spinal segments. Fill in the blank.

C3-T4

22

Which of the following is a false statement regarding neuropathic pain?

There is usually muscle spasm associated with the pain

23

What is the primary symptom of radiculopathy?

Numbness

24

Bone pain at night is a red flag symptom of what disorder/disease?

Cancer

25

What type of trigger points cause pain at rest?

Active trigger points

26

Which of the following should be used to rate pain in an infant

Child facial coding system

27


What is the minimum Waddell score to place a client in the category of “nonmovement pain dysfunction”?

3

28


On chart review the therapist finds that a patient’s pulse strength was documented as 2+ at a previous physical therapy appointment. With this information, the therapist knows that, at that time, the pulse strength was

Normal

29


What visceral system is most likely to cause pruritus?

Hepatic system

30


The therapist is beginning a sensation screening for a client. If pain sensation is normal, what portion of a sensation screening can be omitted?

Temperature

31


A woman with which of the following histories should be advised to see her physician for close monitoring?

Oral contraceptive use and increased BP

32

Onset of anesthesia-induced dementia is most likely after which of the following surgical procedures?

Hip replacement

33


Referral for medical evaluation is advised when resting oxygen saturation falls below

90%

34


Malignant melanomas usually present with which of the following characteristics?

Uneven edges

35

During chart review a therapist notes that a patient had a 4+ reflex response at the patella tendon during the last examination. What information does this convey to the therapist?

Hyperactive with possible spinal cord disorder

36

What of the following is the most accurate definition of postural orthostatic hypotension?

Decrease in systolic blood pressure of 20 mm Hg or decrease in diastolic blood pressure of 10 mm Hg and a 10% to 20% increase in pulse rate

37

What type of herpesvirus usually infects areas above the waistline?

Herpes simplex virus 1

38


A physical therapist wishes to reassess blood pressure in the client’s upper extremity. How long should the therapist wait before repeating the measurement?

1 minute

39

Virchow’s node is usually palpated where and is indicative of what dysfunction?

Supraclavicular, primary carcinoma of the thorax or abdomen

40


The therapist begins an evaluation of a patient with Kaposi’s sarcoma. What underlying disease does this patient most likely have?

HIV

41


Which of the following nail bed conditions could be a sign of a history of myocardial infarction (MI)?

Splinter hemorhages

42


Where do most aortic aneurysms occur?

Just below the renal arteries

43

What is the greatest risk factor in predicting cardiovascular problems in women?

Diabetes

44


Cardiac referred pain that radiates down the arm follows the distribution of what nerve?

Ulnar

45

What is the most common musculoskeletal symptom associated with bacterial endocarditis?

arthralgia in the proximal joints

46


A physical therapist begins the examination of a patient. During the history the patient complains of shortness of breath when lying down. What should be the next action by the physical therapist?

Contact the client's physician

47

What type of angina is usually brought on by the bursting of a cholesterol-filled plaque in the lining of a coronary artery?

Unstable angina

48

What is the most common site for peripheral arterial aneurysms?

Popliteal space

49


Almost all symptoms of mitral valve prolapse are due to imbalance in what body system?

Autonomic nervous system

50


What type of heart valve deformity affects only the mitral valve?

Prolapse

51

During what time of day is the highest likelihood of having a heart attack?

Morning

52

Which of the following is an early sign of right ventricular failure?

Dependent edema

53

What is usually the first sign of vascular occlusive disease?

Loss of hair on the toes

54

What is the most common cardiac lesion associated with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)?

Pericarditis

55

The physical therapist begins an examination of a patient who is currently taking statin medications. The patient complains of muscle aches and joint pain. The physical therapist decides to request the latest laboratory values. What two laboratory values would be abnormally high if the patient were having an adverse reaction to the statin medication?

Serum liver enzymes and creatine kinase

56

What is the most common cardiac arrhythmia?

A-fib

57


A patient complains of chest pain and radiating pain into the left shoulder. The patient reports that this pain is made worse by deep breathing, neck movements, and especially with trunk side bending. From this information alone, what is the most likely source of this patient’s complaints of pain?

Pericarditis

58


A productive cough with nonpurulent sputum indicates which of the following?

Simple airway irritation

59

What is most often the first sign or symptom of lung cancer?

Shoulder pain

60

Which of the following is not a cause of pneumonia?

Congestive heart failure

61

Which of the following is the most common pulmonary manifestation of systemic sclerosis?

Pulmonary vascular disease

62


A client with cystic fibrosis (CF) is unable to pass which of the following ions in and out of cells?

Chloride

63


What is the normal pH range of the human body?

7.35-7.45

64

Textile workers are at greatest risk for development of which of the following lung disorders?

Byssinosis

65

Sudden dilatation of which chamber of the heart could be the result of a pulmonary embolism (PE)?

Right ventricle

66

What is the usual cause of respiratory alkalosis?

Hyperventilation

67

What is the most common cause of Cheyne-Stokes respiration (CSR)?

Congestive heart failure

68


Peptic ulcers caused by Helicobacter pylori are primarily located in the lining of which portion of the digestive tract?

Duodenum

69


Which of the following medications will reduce the amount of stomach acid produced by the stomach so that the individual can obtain relief from gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)?

zantac

70

Palpation of McBurney’s point is essential in the examination of a patient with possible acute appendicitis. Where is McBurney’s point?

halfway between the umbilicus and ASIS

71

Damage to which internal organ will sometimes refer pain to the left shoulder?

Spleen

72

Visceral pain fibers are only sensitive to which of the following?

Stretching

73


Where will patients with diverticulitis complain of pain?

Left lower quadrant

74


Which of the following will generally not cause bright red blood in the stool?

Bleeding from the upper GI tract

75

Which of the following positions is likely to relieve pain associated with esophagitis?

Sitting upright

76


Individuals with inflammatory visceral pain are most often found in which of the following positions?

Fetal

77


An abnormality of which of the following structures is likely to result in a muscle spasm of the rectus abdominis below the umbilicus?

Appendix

78


Numbness and weakness of the lower extremities has been reported as a result of deficiency of which vitamin?

Vitamin B12

79


Drug-induced diarrhea is commonly associated with which type of medication?

Antibiotics